Meaning of SCHOOL in English

SCHOOL

I. ˈskül noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English scole, from Old English scōl, from Latin schola leisure devoted to learning, lecture, school, from Greek scholē leisure, learned discussion, lecture, school; akin to Greek echein, schein to have, hold — more at scheme

1.

a.

(1) : an organized body of scholars and teachers associated for the pursuit and dissemination of knowledge (as in a particular advanced field) and constituting a college especially of a medieval university

(2) schools plural : the academic or learned world : universities — usually used with the definite article

the view accepted by the schools

(3) usually capitalized , obsolete : schoolmen — usually used in plural

b.

(1) : the body of pupils or students attending a school

the new teacher is liked by the whole school

(2) : the members of a school including both faculty and students

the school had a holiday

the school participated in a fire drill

c.

(1) : the disciples or followers of a teacher

(2) : persons who hold a common doctrine or accept the same teachings or follow the same intellectual methods : a sect or denomination (as in philosophy, theology, medicine, or politics)

belonged to the radical school of economists

(3) : people forming a distinguishable group or class and sharing common principles, canons, precepts, or a common body of opinion or practice

a gentleman of the old school

other schools of opinion

(4) : a group (as of painters, sculptors, or musicians) under a common local or personal influence producing a general similarity in their work

the Wagnerian school

also : the artists or art of a country or region

paintings of the Flemish school

d. Britain : a body of gamblers or thieves : gang

2.

a. : an organized source of education or training: as

(1) : an institution for the teaching of children : an elementary or secondary school

(2) : an institution for specialized higher education usually within a university

the school of medicine at the state university

(3) : college , university

the excellent east coast schools

(4) : an establishment for teaching a particular skill or group of skills

a school of design

a fencing school

a beauticians' school

b. : a place where instruction is given:

(1) : a place where lectures are held ; especially : a place for lectures in logic, metaphysics, and theology in the medieval period

(2) : a building or hall where examinations for degrees and honors are held at an English university

(3) : a building or group of buildings in which a school is conducted

the new school is very elaborate

the most beautiful school in the area

(4) : an area (as an enclosure or covered ring) where horses are schooled : a riding school

c. : something that is a source of instruction

the school of experience

3.

a. : the process of being instructed or educated in institutions for teaching the young

found school very difficult

b. : attendance at a school

he quit school

during her last year of school

4. : a session of a school

there will be no school on Friday

late for school

kept in after school

5. : an administrative unit in a private school comprising several consecutive grades or forms

a lower school

boys in the upper school

6.

a. : a final examination for the bachelor of arts degree (as at Oxford University)

b. : an honors course (as at Oxford University)

7.

a. : a book of instruction (as in a particular system of execution in music)

b. : a system of instruction or execution

8. : the regulations governing military drill of individuals or of a unit of a given size or kind ; also : the exercises carried out in accordance with such regulations

the school of the soldier

II. verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

transitive verb

1. : to educate or provide with education in an institution of learning : send to school

the boy was schooled at great cost to his family

2. : to give teaching or training to:

a. : to teach or drill in a specific knowledge, attitude, or skill

well schooled in languages

our parents have schooled us in the principle of the rights of the individual

b. : to instruct, stabilize, or inure by practice, long or repeated experience, or subjection to systematic discipline — usually used with in

school oneself in patience

schooling a horse in the five gaits

school an athlete in timing

c. : to make tractable (as by teaching, admonition, or chastisement)

d. : to educate, cultivate, or advance mentally or culturally by formal instruction in or as if in a school

schooled his mind with travel and study

e.

(1) archaic : to reprove for error or fault : set right : chide , admonish ; also : to dictate to

(2) obsolete : to punish by way of giving a lesson

intransitive verb

1. : to go to school

2. : to ride or course cross-country

schooling over meadows and hills

Synonyms: see teach

III. adjective

1. : of or relating to a school

school traditions

: connected with or employed in connection with a school

a school library

the school superintendent

2.

a. : of the kind taught in school

school studies

sometimes : superficially and incompletely mastered

amateurish school French

b. : of the kind taught or practiced in a school of horsemanship : trained in a school of horsemanship : schooled

a school gait

3.

a. : of or relating to the Schoolmen

school theology

: of the kind employed by the Schoolmen

school arguments

b. : being or involving mere abstractions or quibbling : having no practical application or value

school language

a school name

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English scole, from Middle Dutch schole group especially of fish or animals of one kind, multitude; akin to Old English scolu multitude, troop, sciell shell — more at shell

1. : a large number of one kind of fish or other aquatic animals swimming or feeding together

a school of dolphins

2. : a large group of flock (as of birds or people)

too busy receiving the congratulations of a school of admirals for us to buttonhole her — New Yorker

V. intransitive verb

of fishes : to swim and feed together in large numbers

bluefish are schooling

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.