Meaning of GRATE in English

GRATE

I. verb (~d; grating) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French ~r to scratch, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German krazzōn to scratch Date: 14th century transitive verb abrade , to reduce to small particles by rubbing on something rough , fret , irritate , 4. to gnash or grind noisily, to cause to make a rasping sound, to utter in a harsh voice, intransitive verb to rub or rasp noisily, to cause irritation ; jar , ~r noun gratingly adverb II. noun see: hurdle Date: 14th century 1. a barred frame for cooking over a fire, a frame or bed of iron bars to hold a stove or furnace fire, fireplace , grating 2, cage , prison , III. transitive verb (~d; grating) Date: 1547 to furnish with a ~

Merriam Webster. Explanatory English dictionary Merriam Webster.      Толковый словарь английского языка Мерриам-Уэбстер.