Meaning of DOUBLE in English

DOUBLE

I. ˈdə-bəl adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French duble, double, from Latin duplus (akin to Greek diploos ), from duo two + -plus multiplied by; akin to Old English -feald -fold — more at two , -fold

Date: 13th century

1. : having a twofold relation or character : dual

2. : consisting of two usually combined members or parts

an egg with a double yolk

3.

a. : being twice as great or as many

double the number of expected applicants

b. of a coin : worth two of the specified amount

a double eagle

a double crown

4. : marked by duplicity : deceitful

5. : folded in two

6. : of extra size, strength, or value

a double martini

7. : having more than the normal number of floral leaves often at the expense of the sporophylls

8. of rhyme : involving correspondence of two syllables (as in exciting and inviting )

9. : designed for the use of two persons

a double room

a double bed

• dou·ble·ness noun

II. verb

( dou·bled ; dou·bling ˈdə-b(ə-)liŋ)

Date: 13th century

transitive verb

1. : to make twice as great or as many: as

a. : to increase by adding an equal amount

b. : to amount to twice the number of

c. : to make a call in bridge that increases the value of odd tricks or undertricks at (an opponent's bid)

2.

a. : to bend or fold (as a sheet of paper) usually in the middle so that one part lies directly against the other part

b. : clench

doubled his fist

c. : to cause to stoop

3. : to avoid by doubling : elude

4.

a. : to replace in a dramatic role

b. : to play (dramatic roles) by doubling

5.

a.

(1) : to advance or score (a base runner) by a double

(2) : to bring about the scoring of (a run) by a double

b. : to put out (a base runner) in completing a double play

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to become twice as much or as many

b. : to double a bid (as in bridge)

2.

a. : to turn sharply and suddenly ; especially : to turn back on one's course

the rabbit doubled back on its tracks

b. : to follow a circuitous course

3. : to become bent or folded usually in the middle — usually used with up

she doubled up in pain

4.

a. : to serve an additional purpose or perform an additional duty

b. : to play a dramatic role as a double

5. : to make a double in baseball

• dou·bler -b(ə-)lər noun

III. adverb

Date: 14th century

1. : to twice the extent or amount

2. : two together

some people sleep better double and some single — Morris Fishbein

3. : downward and forward from the usual position

he was bent double with pain

IV. noun

Date: 14th century

1. : something twice the usual size, strength, speed, quantity, or value: as

a. : a double amount

b. : a base hit that enables the batter to reach second base

2. : one that is the counterpart of another : duplicate : as

a. : a living person that closely resembles another living person

b. : wraith

c.

(1) : understudy

(2) : one who resembles an actor and takes his or her place especially in scenes calling for special skills

(3) : an actor who plays more than one role in a production

3.

a. : a sharp turn (as in running) : reversal

b. : an evasive shift

4. : something consisting of two paired members: as

a. : fold

b. : a combined bet placed on two different contests

c. : two consecutive strikes in bowling

5. plural : a game between two pairs of players

6. : an act of doubling in a card game

7. : a room (as in a hotel) for two guests — compare single 4

- on the double

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.