Meaning of DOUBLE in English

DOUBLE

I. ˈdəbəl adjective

Etymology: Middle English, from Old French doble, double, from Latin duplus, from du- (from duo two) + -plus multiplied by; akin to Old Frisian twī fil doubt, Old High German zwī val, Gothic twei fls doubt, Middle Irish dīa bul double, Greek diploos double, Old English fealdan to fold — more at two , fold

1. : having a twofold relation or character : combining two often dissimilar things or qualities : dual

the wonderful double gift of seeing and saying — Carlos Baker

a discussion of verbs with double function … verbs used both transitively and intransitively — A.M.Sturtevant

2. : consisting of two usually combined members, things, or sets : having two parts joined together : forming a pair

double balconies running around three sides of a grassy courtyard — Tom Marvel

an egg with a double yolk

3. : being two times as great or as many : multiplied by two : twofold

the college had double the number of expected applicants

was produced in quantities double the prewar output

4. : characterized by duplicity : acting two parts or in two ways, one usually being praiseworthy and the other blameworthy : deceitful , hypocritical , insincere

never speaks with a double tongue — T.B.Costain

a double agent … pretending to serve the Nazis while actually working for the British — New York Herald Tribune

5. : folded in two : doubled

letters written on double sheets of stationery

6. : made, being, or having parts twice as large, strong, or valuable: as

a. of a coin : worth two of the specified unit

double ducat

double taler

b. printing : of twice or almost twice the belly-to-back size of — used only of pre-point-system type names

double great primer

double paragon

double pica

— compare two-line

c. : having the shorter dimension doubled — used of a paper size

crown is 15 x 20 and double crown is 30 x 20

— compare quad

7.

a. : of extra size, strength, or value

a mighty mug of … double ale — Lord Byron

b. : having more than the normal number of floral leaves often at the expense of the sporophylls

double stamens

— used especially of cultivated plants

8. music

a. : duple 2a

b. : sounding an octave lower than the single or normal instrument

9.

a. of meter : duple 2b

b. of rhyme : having two syllables

10. of a card game : played with two full packs of cards mixed together

double pinochle

II. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from double, adjective

1. : something twice the ordinary size, strength, speed, quantity, or value: as

a.

(1) : an old French billon coin worth about two deniers

(2) : a copper or bronze coin of Guernsey worth about 1/8 English penny

b. : any of various feasts in the Roman Catholic church ranking above a simple in order of precedence

c. : a 16-foot organ stop

d. doubles plural : a game between two pairs of players

played three sets of doubles

his doubles partner

e. : a two-base hit in baseball

led the league in doubles

f. Britain : a double count made with a single stroke in billiards (as by pocketing both cue ball and object ball)

g. : the catching of two fish on one line at the same cast

h. : double time — usually used with on or at

marched back again on the double — Earle Birney

began to march at the double — Francis Hackett

i. doubles plural : sheet metal having a thickness of approximately 1/32 inch

2. : one that is the counterpart of another : copy , duplicate : as

a.

(1) : a living person that closely resembles another living person

thought I saw you on the street yesterday but it turned out to be your double

(2) : the apparition of a living person : wraith

the appearance of a double or fetch has ever been held … to signify approaching death — R.A.Procter

b. : one who resembles an actor and who performs in his stead typically when the script requires special talent that the actor does not possess

c. : one (as an actor or singer) prepared to substitute for another in his absence : understudy

3. : a twofold or repeated action: as

a.

(1) : a sharp turn or reversal (as in running)

(2) : an evasive shift (as in argument)

b.

(1) : a 16th century court-dance step consisting of three steps and a close

(2) : a folk-dance sequence of four running steps forward or backward

c.

(1) : a musical variation (as in a classical suite)

(2) : a repeated version of a movement of a musical composition (as a suite) with variation

d. doubles plural : the changes rung or capable of being rung on a set of five bells

e. : a twofold victory or defeat (as in two races on the same day or in a match and a return match)

4. : something consisting of two paired members: as

a. : something doubled over or together : fold

hit the horse with the double of his rope

b. printing

(1) : doublet

(2) : a sheet inadvertently printed twice on one side

c. : double star

d. : a letter occurring twice in succession in a word or in adjoining words of connected text

e. : a two-horse parlay

f. : double jump 1

g. : a double-barreled shotgun

h. : a domino with the same number of pips on each half

i. : two consecutive strikes in bowling

j. : two targets thrown simultaneously in skeet shooting

k. : a cricketer's feat of scoring 1000 runs and taking 100 wickets in one season

l. doubles plural : two fishing hooks fastened together at the shank so as to form a double hook

5.

a.

(1) : an act of doubling in card games

(2) : the announcement by which a player in such games signifies that he doubles

b.

(1) : a call in bridge that has the effect of increasing the points scored for odd tricks if the declarer fulfills his contract and for undertricks if he does not

(2) : a hand strong enough to justify making such a call

c. : an act of doubling the stakes in backgammon

III. verb

( doubled ; doubled ; doubling -b(ə)liŋ ; doubles )

Etymology: Middle English doublen, from Old French dobler, doubler, from Latin duplare, from duplus double — more at double I

transitive verb

1. : to increase by adding an equal quantity : multiply by two : make twice as great or as many

his brother was doubling in this new will his posthumous provision for her — F.M.Ford

as

a. : to be twice as great or as many as : amount to twice the number of

births doubled deaths in the state last year

b.

(1) : to line or cover (a wooden ship) with an additional layer of planking

(2) : to line or trim (a garment) with additional material — now used chiefly in heraldry

c.

(1) : to combine (as two slivers of yarn) by compressing or twisting into a single unit

(2) chiefly Britain : ply

double yarns

d.

(1) : to add a note an octave above or below to (a specified note)

(2) : to reinforce (a musical part) with an additional part having the same notes either at the same pitch or at the octave

e.

(1) : to make a call in bridge that increases the value of odd tricks or undertricks at (an opponent's bid)

(2) Britain : raise

he doubled my poker bet

f.

(1) : to advance (a base runner in baseball) by a two-base hit

the batter walked and was doubled to third base

(2) : to bring about the scoring of (a run in baseball) by a two-base hit

doubled in two runs in the third inning

g. : to put out (a base runner in baseball) in completing a double play

was doubled off second base when the batter lined to the shortstop

forced the runner at second and was doubled at first base

— sometimes used with up

was doubled up at first

2.

a. : to make of two thicknesses by turning or bending usually in the middle : fold

b. : to close tightly (the hand or fist) : clench

he turned swiftly, doubling his fists — Hamilton Basso

— often used with up

c. : to cause to stoop : bend

hit him in the stomach and doubled him over

— often used with up

doubled him up

3.

a. : to avoid by doubling : elude

b. of a ship : to sail around (as a cape) by reversing the direction of motion

had doubled so many capes and run before the wind and brought back news of faraway men — Van Wyck Brooks

c. Britain : to cause (a billiard ball) to rebound

4.

[translation of French doubler ]

a. : to replace in a dramatic role

he was doubling the hero in a sword fight — Niven Busch

b. : to play (dramatic roles) by doubling

doubles the part of leader or squire with that of clown or entertainer — Douglas Kennedy

c. : to prepare (a talking part in a motion picture) for audiences speaking different languages

intransitive verb

1. : to become increased to twice the ordinary size, strength, speed, quantity, or value : increase or grow to twice as much

the population doubled in 10 years

as

a. : to march at double time

b.

(1) : to reread a line inadvertently

lines sufficiently separated to prevent doubling — Stanley Morison

(2) : to set a doublet

c.

(1) : to double a bid (as in bridge)

(2) : to propose that the stake be doubled (as in backgammon)

d. : to make a two-base hit in baseball

doubled off the left-field fence

e. : to fire both rounds in a double-barreled shotgun with a single trigger pull

f. : to use an additional layer of planking on a wooden ship

2.

a. : to turn sharply and suddenly in running ; especially : to turn back on one's course — often used with back

the rabbit doubled back on his tracks

b. : to follow a circuitous course

a road … doubled round the hollow in a long sweep — H.E.Bates

c. : to enclose an enemy's fleet between two fires

d. Britain : rebound — used of a billiard ball

e. archaic : to make evasive shifts : act deceitfully

if thy tongue doubles with me — Sir Walter Scott

3. : to become bent or folded usually in the middle : bend over — often used with up

she doubled up with pain

4.

a. : to serve an additional purpose or perform an additional duty

a big gymnasium that doubles as an auditorium — C.B.Palmer b.1910

court's switchboard operator was doubling as a receptionist — Katherine T. Kinkead

b. : to play an additional instrument — usually used with on

the guitarist doubled on piano

c. : to play two parts especially in a dramatic production

she doubled as the maid in the first act and the secretary in the third

d. : to play a dramatic role as a double

doubled for the hero in the fencing match

- double in balk

- double in brass

- double the hill

IV. adverb

Etymology: Middle English, from double, adjective

1.

a. : to twice the extent or amount : doubly

bright eyes were double bright — John Keats

b. : two together : in a pair

some people sleep better double and some single — Morris Fishbein

2. archaic : with duplicity : deceitfully

if you should deal double with her — Shakespeare

3. : downward and forward from the usual position

he was bent double with pain

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.