Meaning of HEAVY in English

HEAVY

I. ˈhe-vē adjective

( heavi·er ; -est )

Etymology: Middle English hevy, from Old English hefig; akin to Old High German hebīc heavy, Old English hebban to lift — more at heave

Date: before 12th century

1.

a. : having great weight ; also : characterized by mass or weight

how heavy is it?

b. : having a high specific gravity : having great weight in proportion to bulk

c.

(1) of an isotope : having or being atoms of greater than normal mass for that element

(2) of a compound : containing heavy isotopes

2. : hard to bear ; specifically : grievous , afflictive

a heavy sorrow

3. : of weighty import : serious

heavy consequences

4. : deep , profound

a heavy silence

5.

a. : borne down by something oppressive : burdened

b. : pregnant ; especially : approaching parturition

6.

a. : slow or dull from loss of vitality or resiliency : sluggish

a tired heavy step

b. : lacking sparkle or vivacity : drab

c. : lacking mirth or gaiety : doleful

d. : characterized by declining prices

7. : dulled with weariness : drowsy

8. : greater in quantity or quality than the average of its kind or class: as

a. : of unusually large size or amount

a heavy turnout

heavy traffic

b. : of great force

heavy seas

c. : threatening to rain or snow

d.

(1) : impeding motion

(2) : full of clay and inclined to hold water

e. : coming as if from a depth : loud

heavy breathing

f. : thick , coarse

heavy syrup

g. : oppressive

a heavy odor

heavy weather

rule with a heavy hand

h. : steep , acute

i. : laborious , difficult

heavy going

j. : immoderate

a heavy smoker

k. : more powerful than usual for its kind

a heavy cavalry

a heavy cruiser

l. : of large capacity or output

9.

a. : very rich and hard to digest

heavy desserts

b. : not properly raised or leavened

heavy bread

10. : producing goods (as coal, steel, or chemicals) used in the production of other goods

heavy industry

11.

a. : having stress

a heavy rhythm

— used especially of syllables in accentual verse

b. : being the strongest degree of stress in speech

12. : relating to theatrical parts of a grave or somber nature

13. : long 9

heavy on ideas

14. : important , prominent

a heavy politician

• heavi·ness noun

Synonyms:

heavy , weighty , ponderous , cumbrous , cumbersome mean having great weight. heavy implies that something has greater density or thickness than the average of its kind or class

a heavy child for his age

weighty suggests having actual and not just relative weight

a load of weighty boxes

ponderous implies having great weight because of size and massiveness with resulting great inertia

ponderous elephants in a circus parade

cumbrous and cumbersome imply heaviness and bulkiness that make for difficulty in grasping, moving, carrying, or manipulating

wrestled with the cumbrous furniture

early cameras were cumbersome and inconvenient

II. adverb

Date: before 12th century

: in a heavy manner : heavily

III. noun

( plural heav·ies )

Date: 1897

1. : heavyweight 2

2.

a. : a theatrical role of a dignified or somber character ; also : an actor playing such a role

b. : villain 4

c. : villain 5

d. : someone or something influential, serious, or important

e. : elite 1b

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.