Meaning of HEAVY in English

HEAVY

/ ˈhevi; NAmE / adjective , noun , adverb

■ adjective

( heav·ier , heavi·est )

WEIGHING A LOT

1.

weighing a lot; difficult to lift or move :

She was struggling with a heavy suitcase.

My brother is much heavier than me.

He tried to push the heavy door open.

How heavy is it (= how much does it weigh) ?

( especially NAmE )

Many young people today are too heavy (= fat) .

( figurative )

Her father carried a heavy burden of responsibility.

OPP light

WORSE THAN USUAL

2.

more or worse than usual in amount, degree, etc. :

the noise of heavy traffic

heavy frost / rain / snow

the effects of heavy drinking

There was heavy fighting in the capital last night.

The penalty for speeding can be a heavy fine .

She spoke with heavy irony .

OPP light

NOT DELICATE

3.

( of sb/sth's appearance or structure ) large and solid; not delicate :

big, dark rooms full of heavy furniture

He was tall and strong, with heavy features.

MATERIAL

4.

( of the material or substance that sth is made of ) thick :

heavy curtains

a heavy coat

OPP light

FULL OF STH

5.

heavy with sth ( literary ) full of or loaded with sth :

trees heavy with apples

The air was heavy with the scent of flowers.

His voice was heavy with sarcasm.

MACHINES

6.

[ usually before noun ] ( of machines, vehicles or weapons ) large and powerful :

a wide range of engines and heavy machinery

heavy lorries / trucks

BUSY

7.

[ usually before noun ] involving a lot of work or activity; very busy :

a heavy schedule

She'd had a heavy day.

WORK

8.

hard, especially because it requires a lot of physical strength :

heavy digging / lifting

FALL / HIT

9.

falling or hitting sth with a lot of force :

a heavy fall / blow

MEAL / FOOD

10.

large in amount or very solid :

a heavy lunch / dinner

a heavy cake

OPP light

USING A LOT

11.

heavy on sth ( informal ) using a lot of sth :

Older cars are heavy on gas.

Don't go so heavy on the garlic.

DRINKER / SMOKER / SLEEPER

12.

[ only before noun ] ( of a person ) doing the thing mentioned more, or more deeply, than usual :

a heavy drinker / smoker

a heavy sleeper

SOUND

13.

( of a sound that sb makes ) loud and deep :

heavy breathing / snoring

a heavy groan / sigh

SERIOUS / DIFFICULT

14.

(usually disapproving ) ( of a book, programme, style, etc. ) serious; difficult to understand or enjoy :

We found the play very heavy.

The discussion got a little heavy.

SEA / OCEAN

15.

dangerous because of big waves, etc. :

strong winds and heavy seas

AIR / WEATHER

16.

hot and lacking fresh air, in a way that is unpleasant :

It's very heavy—I think there'll be a storm.

SOIL

17.

wet, sticky and difficult to dig or to move over

STRICT

18.

( of a person ) very strict and severe :

Don't be so heavy on her—it wasn't her fault.

►  heavi·ness noun [ U ]

IDIOMS

- get heavy

- heavy going

- heavy hand

- a heavy heart

- the heavy mob / brigade

- a heavy silence / atmosphere

- make heavy weather of sth

—more at cross noun , toll noun

■ noun ( pl. -ies )

1.

[ C ] ( informal ) a large strong man whose job is to protect a person or place, often using violence

2.

[ U ] ( ScotE ) strong beer, especially bitter :

a pint of heavy

■ adverb

IDIOMS

- hang / lie heavy

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English hefig , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch hevig , also to heave .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.