Meaning of MODEL in English

MODEL

I. ˈmä-d ə l noun

Etymology: Middle French modelle, from Old Italian modello, from Vulgar Latin * modellus, from Latin modulus small measure, from modus

Date: 1575

1. obsolete : a set of plans for a building

2. dialect British : copy , image

3. : structural design

a home on the model of an old farmhouse

4. : a usually miniature representation of something ; also : a pattern of something to be made

5. : an example for imitation or emulation

6. : a person or thing that serves as a pattern for an artist ; especially : one who poses for an artist

7. : archetype

8. : an organism whose appearance a mimic imitates

9. : one who is employed to display clothes or other merchandise

10.

a. : a type or design of clothing

b. : a type or design of product (as a car)

11. : a description or analogy used to help visualize something (as an atom) that cannot be directly observed

12. : a system of postulates, data, and inferences presented as a mathematical description of an entity or state of affairs ; also : a computer simulation based on such a system

climate model s

13. : version 3

14. : animal model

Synonyms:

model , example , pattern , exemplar , ideal mean someone or something set before one for guidance or imitation. model applies to something taken or proposed as worthy of imitation

a decor that is a model of good taste

example applies to a person to be imitated or in some contexts on no account to be imitated but to be regarded as a warning

children tend to follow the example of their parents

pattern suggests a clear and detailed archetype or prototype

American industry set a pattern for others to follow

exemplar suggests either a faultless example to be emulated or a perfect typification

cited Joan of Arc as the exemplar of courage

ideal implies the best possible exemplification either in reality or in conception

never found a job that matched his ideal

II. verb

( -eled or -elled ; -el·ing or mod·el·ling ˈmäd-liŋ, ˈmä-d ə l-iŋ)

Date: 1625

transitive verb

1. : to plan or form after a pattern : shape

2. archaic : to make into an organization (as an army, government, or parish)

3.

a. : to shape or fashion in a plastic material

b. : to produce a representation or simulation of

using a computer to model a problem

4. : to construct or fashion in imitation of a particular model

model ed its constitution on that of the United States

5. : to display by wearing, using, or posing with

model ed gowns

intransitive verb

1. : to design or imitate forms : make a pattern

enjoys model ing in clay

2. : to work or act as a fashion or art model

• mod·el·er also mod·el·ler ˈmäd-lər, ˈmä-d ə l-ər noun

III. adjective

Date: 1844

1. : serving as or capable of serving as a pattern

a model student

2. : being a usually miniature representation of something

a model airplane

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.