Meaning of READ in English

READ

I. ˈrēd verb

( read ˈred ; read·ing ˈrē-diŋ)

Etymology: Middle English reden to advise, interpret, read, from Old English rǣdan; akin to Old High German rātan to advise, Sanskrit rādhnoti he achieves, prepares

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1.

a.

(1) : to receive or take in the sense of (as letters or symbols) especially by sight or touch

(2) : to study the movements of (as lips) with mental formulation of the communication expressed

(3) : to utter aloud the printed or written words of

read them a story

b. : to learn from what one has seen or found in writing or printing

c. : to deliver aloud by or as if by reading ; specifically : to utter interpretively

d.

(1) : to become acquainted with or look over the contents of (as a book)

(2) : to make a study of

read law

(3) : to read the works of

e. : to check (as copy or proof) for errors

f.

(1) : to receive and understand (a voice message) by radio

(2) : understand , comprehend

2.

a. : to interpret the meaning or significance of

read palms

b. : foretell , predict

able to read his fortune

3. : to recognize or interpret as if by reading: as

a. : to learn the nature of by observing outward expression or signs

read s him like a book

b. : to note the action or characteristics of in order to anticipate what will happen

a good canoeist read s the rapids

a golfer read ing a green

also : to predict the movement of (a putt) by reading a green

c. : to anticipate by observation of an opponent's position or movement

read a blitz

4.

a. : to attribute a meaning to (as something read) : interpret

how do you read this passage

b. : to attribute (a meaning) to something read or considered

read a nonexistent meaning into her words

5. : to use as a substitute for or in preference to another word or phrase in a particular passage, text, or version

read hurry for harry

— often used to introduce a clarifying substitute for a euphemistic or misleading word or phrase

a friendly, read nosy, coworker

6. : indicate

the thermometer read s zero

7. : to interpret (a musical work) in performance

8.

a. : to acquire (information) from storage ; especially : to sense the meaning of (data) in recorded and coded form — used of a computer or data processor

b. : to read the coded information on (as a floppy disk)

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to perform the act of reading words : read something

b.

(1) : to learn something by reading

(2) : to pursue a course of study

2.

a. : to yield a particular meaning or impression when read

b. : to be readable or read in a particular manner or to a particular degree

this book read s smoothly

3. : to consist of specific words, phrases, or other similar elements

a passage that read s differently in older versions

- read between the lines

- read the riot act

II. ˈred adjective

Date: 1586

: instructed by or informed through reading

III. ˈrēd noun

Date: 1825

1. chiefly British : a period of reading

it was a night…for a read and a long sleep — William Sansom

2. : something (as a book) that is read

a novel that's a good read

3. : the action or an instance of reading

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.