Meaning of READ in English

READ

verb

/ riːd; NAmE / noun /riːd/ adjective / red/

■ verb

/riːd/ ( read , read /red/)

WORDS / SYMBOLS

1.

(not used in the progressive tenses) to look at and understand the meaning of written or printed words or symbols :

[ v ]

She's still learning to read.

Some children can read and write before they go to school.

[ vn ]

I can't read your writing.

Can you read music?

I'm trying to read the map.

2.

read (sth) (to sb / yourself) to go through written or printed words, etc. in silence or speaking them to other people :

[ v ]

I'm going to go to bed and read.

He liked reading to his grandchildren.

[ vn ]

to read a book / a magazine / the newspaper

Have you read any Steinbeck (= novels by him) ?

He read the poem aloud.

[ vn , vnn ]

Go on—read it to us.

She read us a story.

—see also proofread

DISCOVER BY READING

3.

read (about / of sth) (not used in the progressive tenses) to discover or find out about sb/sth by reading :

[ v ]

I read about the accident in the local paper.

[ v that ]

I read that he had resigned.

[ vn ]

Don't believe everything you read in the papers.

SB'S MIND / THOUGHTS

4.

[ vn ] read sb's mind / thoughts to guess what sb else is thinking

SB'S LIPS

5.

[ vn ] read sb's lips to look at the movements of sb's lips to learn what they are saying

—see also lip-read

UNDERSTAND

6.

[ vn ] read sth (as sth) to understand sth in a particular way

SYN interpret :

How do you read the present situation?

Silence must not always be read as consent.

OF A PIECE OF WRITING

7.

[ v speech ] to have sth written on it; to be written in a particular way :

The sign read 'No admittance'.

I've changed the last paragraph. It now reads as follows ...

8.

[ v ] to give a particular impression when read :

Generally, the article reads very well.

The poem reads like (= sounds as if it is) a translation.

MEASURING INSTRUMENT

9.

[ vn ] ( of measuring instruments ) to show a particular weight, pressure, etc. :

What does the thermometer read?

10.

[ vn ] to get information from a measuring instrument :

A man came to read the gas meter.

HEAR

11.

[ vn ] to hear and understand sb speaking on a radio set :

'Do you read me?' 'I'm reading you loud and clear.'

REPLACE WORD

12.

[ vn ] read A for B | read B as A to replace one word, etc. with another when correcting a text :

For 'madam' in line 3 read 'madman'.

SUBJECT AT UNIVERSITY

13.

read (for) sth ( BrE , rather old-fashioned ) to study a subject, especially at a university :

[ vn ]

I read English at Oxford.

[ v ]

She's reading for a law degree.

COMPUTING

14.

[ vn ] read sth (into sth) ( of a computer or the person using it ) to take information from a disk :

My computer can't read the disk you sent.

to read a file into a computer

IDIOMS

- read between the lines

- read sb like a book

- read my lips

- read (sb) the Riot Act

- take it / sth as read

PHRASAL VERBS

- read sth back

- read sth into sth

- read on

- read sth out

- read sth over / through

- read sth up | read up on sb/sth

■ noun /riːd/ [ sing. ] ( informal )

1.

( especially BrE ) an act or a period of reading sth :

I was having a quiet read when the phone rang.

2.

a good, interesting, etc. ~ a book, an article, etc. that is good, etc. :

His thrillers are always a gripping read.

■ adjective

/red/ (used after an adverb) ( of a person ) having knowledge that has been gained from reading books, etc. :

She's very widely read in law.

—see also well read

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English rǣdan , of Germanic origin; related to Dutch raden and German raten advise, guess. Early senses included advise and interpret (a riddle or dream) .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.