Meaning of RETURN in English

RETURN

I. ri-ˈtərn verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French returner, from re- + turner, tourner to turn — more at turn

Date: 14th century

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to go back or come back again

return home

b. : to go back in thought, practice, or condition : revert

soon return ed to her old habit

2. : to pass back to an earlier possessor

3. : reply , retort

transitive verb

1.

a. : to give (as an official account) to a superior

b. British : to elect (a candidate) as attested by official report or returns

c. : to bring back (as a writ or verdict) to an office or tribunal

2.

a. : to bring, send, or put back to a former or proper place

return the gun to its holster

b. : to restore to a former or to a normal state

3.

a. : to send back : visit — usually used with on or upon

b. obsolete : retort

4. : to bring in (as profit) : yield

5.

a. : to give or perform in return : repay

return a compliment

also : to respond to in kind

return ed his calls

b. : to give back to the owner

c. : reflect

return an echo

6. : to cause (as a wall) to continue in a different direction (as at a right angle)

7. : to lead (a specified suit or specified card of a suit) in response to a partner's earlier lead

8.

a. : to hit back (a ball or shuttlecock)

b. : to run with (a football) after a change of possession (as by a punt or a fumble)

Synonyms: see reciprocate

• re·turn·er noun

II. noun

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : the act of coming back to or from a place or condition

b. : a regular or frequent returning : recurrence

2.

a.

(1) : the delivery of a legal order (as a writ) to the proper officer or court

(2) : an endorsed certificate stating an official's action in the execution of such an order

(3) : the sending back of a commission with the certificate of the commissioners

b. : an account or formal report

c.

(1) : a report of the results of balloting — usually used in plural

election return s

(2) : an official declaration of the election of a candidate

(3) chiefly British : election

d.

(1) : a formal statement on a required legal form showing taxable income, allowable deductions and exemptions, and the computation of the tax due

(2) : a list of taxable property

3.

a. : the continuation usually at a right angle of the face or of a member of a building or of a molding or group of moldings

b. : a means for conveying something (as water) back to its starting point

4.

a. : a quantity of goods, consignment, or cargo coming back in exchange for goods sent out as a mercantile venture

b. : the value of or profit from such venture

c.

(1) : the profit from labor, investment, or business : yield

(2) plural : results

d. : the rate of profit in a process of production per unit of cost

5.

a. : the act of returning something to a former place, condition, or ownership : restitution

the return of stolen goods

b. : something returned ; especially plural : unsold publications returned to the publisher for cash or credit

6.

a. : something given in repayment or reciprocation

a return on their years of hard work

b. : answer , retort

7. : an answering play: as

a. : a lead in a suit previously led by one's partner in a card game

b. : the action or an instance of returning a ball (as in football or tennis)

8. chiefly British : round-trip

- in return

III. adjective

Date: 1676

1.

a. : having or formed by a change of direction

a return facade

b. : doubled on itself

a return flue

2.

a. : played, delivered, or given in return

return fire from the enemy

b. : taking place for the second time

a return meeting for the two champions

3. : used or taken on returning

the return road

4. : returning or permitting return

a return valve

5. : of, relating to, or causing a return to a place or condition

use the prestamped return envelope

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.