Meaning of SINGLE in English

SINGLE

I. ˈsiŋ-gəl adjective

Etymology: Middle English sengle, from Anglo-French, from Latin singulus one only; akin to Latin sem- one — more at same

Date: 14th century

1.

a. : not married

b. : of or relating to celibacy

2. : unaccompanied by others : lone , sole

the single survivor of the disaster

3.

a.

(1) : consisting of or having only one part, feature, or portion

single consonants

(2) : consisting of one as opposed to or in contrast with many : uniform

a single standard for men and women

(3) : consisting of only one in number

holds to a single ideal

b. : having but one whorl of petals or ray flowers

a single rose

4.

a. : consisting of a separate unique whole : individual

every single citizen

b. : of, relating to, or involving only one person

5.

a. : frank , honest

a single devotion

b. : exclusively attentive

an eye single to the truth

6. : unbroken , undivided

7. : having no equal or like : singular

8. : designed for the use of one person only

a single room

a single bed

II. noun

Date: 1604

1.

a. : a separate individual person or thing

b. : an unmarried person and especially one young and socially active — usually used in plural

c.

(1) : a recording having one short tune on each side

(2) : a music recording having two or more tracks that is shorter than a full-length album ; also : a song that is particularly popular independent of other songs on the same album or by the same artist

2. : a base hit that allows the batter to reach first base

3.

a. plural : a tennis match or similar game with one player on each side

b. : a golf match between two players — usually used in plural

4. : a room (as in a hotel) for one guest — compare double 7

III. verb

( sin·gled ; sin·gling -g(ə-)liŋ)

Date: 1628

transitive verb

1. : to select or distinguish from a number or group — usually used with out

2.

a. : to advance or score (a base runner) by a single

b. : to bring about the scoring of (a run) by a single

intransitive verb

: to make a single in baseball

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.