Meaning of SINGLE in English

SINGLE

adj., n., & v.

--adj.

1. one only, not double or multiple.

2 united or undivided.

3 a designed or suitable for one person (single room). b used or done by one person etc. or one set or pair.

4 one by itself; not one of several (a single tree).

5 regarded separately (every single thing).

6 not married.

7 Brit. (of a ticket) valid for an outward journey only, not for the return.

8 (with neg. or interrog.) even one; not to speak of more (did not see a single person).

9 (of a flower) having only one circle of petals.

10 lonely, unaided.

11 archaic free from duplicity, sincere, consistent, guileless, ingenuous.

--n.

1. a single thing, or item in a series.

2 Brit. a single ticket.

3 a short pop record with one piece of music etc. on each side.

4 Cricket a hit for one run.

5 (usu. in pl.) a game with one player on each side.

6 an unmarried person (young singles).

7 sl. US a one-dollar note.

--v.tr. (foll. by out) choose as an example or as distinguishable or to serve some purpose.

Phrases and idioms:

single acrostic see ACROSTIC. single-acting (of an engine etc.) having pressure applied only to one side of the piston. single-breasted (of a coat etc.) having only one set of buttons and buttonholes, not overlapping. single combat a duel. single cream thin cream with a relatively low fat-content. single cut (of a file) with grooves cut in one direction only, not crossing. single-decker esp. Brit. a bus having only one deck. single entry a system of bookkeeping in which each transaction is entered in one account only. single file a line of people or things arranged one behind another. single-handed adv.

1. without help from another.

2 with one hand.

--adj.

1. done etc. single-handed.

2 for one hand. single-handedly in a single-handed way. single-lens reflex denoting a reflex camera in which a single lens serves the film and the viewfinder. single-line with movement of traffic in only one direction at a time. single parent a person bringing up a child or children without a partner. singles bar a bar for single people seeking company. single-seater a vehicle with one seat. single stick 1 a basket-hilted stick of about a sword's length.

2 one-handed fencing with this. single-tree US SWINGLETREE.

Derivatives:

singleness n. singly adv.

Etymology: ME f. OF f. L singulus, rel. to simplus SIMPLE

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.