Meaning of BLOCK in English

BLOCK

/ blɒk; NAmE blɑːk/ noun , verb

■ noun

SOLID MATERIAL

1.

[ C ] a large piece of a solid material that is square in shape and usually has flat sides :

a block of ice / concrete / stone

a chopping block (= for cutting food on)

—see also breeze block , building block , cinder block

BUILDING

2.

[ C ] ( BrE ) a tall building that contains flats or offices; buildings that form part of a school, hospital, etc. which are used for a particular purpose :

a tower block

a block of flats

an office block

the university's science block

➡ note at building

STREETS

3.

[ C ] a group of buildings with streets on all sides :

She took the dog for a walk around the block.

4.

[ C ] ( NAmE ) the length of one side of a piece of land or group of buildings, from the place where one street crosses it to the next :

His apartment is three blocks away from the police station.

AREA OF LAND

5.

[ C ] ( especially NAmE ) a large area of land

6.

[ C ] ( AustralE ) an area of land for building a house on

AMOUNT

7.

[ C ] a quantity of sth or an amount of time that is considered as a single unit :

a block of shares

a block of text in a document

( BrE )

The theatre gives discounts for block bookings (= a large number of tickets bought at the same time) .

The three-hour class is divided into four blocks of 45 minutes each.

THAT STOPS PROGRESS

8.

[ C , usually sing. ] something that makes movement or progress difficult or impossible

SYN obstacle :

Lack of training acts as a block to progress in a career.

—see also roadblock , stumbling block , writer's block

IN SPORT

9.

[ C ] a movement that stops another player from going forward

10.

the blocks [ pl. ] = starting blocks

FOR PUNISHMENT

11.

the block [ sing. ] (in the past) the piece of wood on which a person's head was cut off as a punishment

IDIOMS

- go on the block

- have been around the block (a few times)

- put / lay your head / neck on the block

—more at chip noun , knock verb , new

■ verb [ vn ]

1.

to stop sth from moving or flowing through a pipe, a passage, a road, etc. by putting sth in it or across it :

After today's heavy snow, many roads are still blocked.

a blocked sink

2.

block the / sb's way, exit, view, etc. to stop sb from going somewhere or seeing sth by standing in front of them or in their way :

One of the guards moved to block her path.

An ugly new building blocked the view from the window.

3.

to prevent sth from happening, developing or making progress :

The proposed merger has been blocked by the government.

4.

to stop a ball, blow, etc. from reaching somewhere by moving in front of it :

His shot was blocked by the goalie.

PHRASAL VERBS

- block sb/sth in

- block sth in

- block sth off

- block sth out

- block sth up

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English (denoting a log or tree stump): from Old French bloc (noun), bloquer (verb), from Middle Dutch blok , of unknown ultimate origin.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.