Meaning of CHIP in English

CHIP

/ tʃɪp; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

1.

the place from which a small piece of wood, glass, etc. has broken from an object :

This mug has a chip in it.

2.

a small piece of wood, glass, etc. that has broken off an object :

chips of wood

chocolate chip cookies (= biscuits containing small pieces of chocolate)

3.

( BrE ) (also ˌFrench ˈfry , fry NAmE , BrE ) [ usually pl. ] a long thin piece of potato fried in oil or fat :

All main courses are served with chips or baked potato.

—see also fish and chips

4.

( NAmE ) = crisp :

potato chips

5.

= microchip :

chip technology

—see also V-chip

6.

a small flat piece of plastic used to represent a particular amount of money in some types of gambling :

( figurative )

The release of prisoners was used as a bargaining chip .

7.

(also ˈchip shot ) ( in golf , football ( soccer ), etc. ) an act of hitting or kicking a ball high in the air so that it lands within a short distance

—see also blue-chip

IDIOMS

- a chip off the old block

- have a chip on your shoulder (about sth)

- have had your chips

- when the chips are down

—more at cash verb

■ verb ( -pp- )

1.

to damage sth by breaking a small piece off it; to become damaged in this way :

[ vn ]

a badly chipped saucer

She chipped one of her front teeth.

[ v ]

These plates chip easily.

2.

[ vn + adv. / prep. ] to cut or break small pieces off sth with a tool :

Chip away the damaged area.

The fossils had been chipped out of the rock.

3.

[ vn , v ] ( especially in golf and football ( soccer ) ) to hit or kick the ball so that it goes high in the air and then lands within a short distance

4.

[ vn ] chip potatoes ( BrE ) to cut potatoes into long thin pieces and fry them in deep oil

5.

[ vn ] to put a microchip under the skin of a dog or other animal so that it can be identified if it is lost or stolen

PHRASAL VERBS

- chip away at sth

- chip in (with sth)

- chip off | chip sth off

••

WORD ORIGIN

Middle English : related to Old English forcippian cut off .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.