Meaning of FILL in English

FILL

/ fɪl; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

MAKE FULL

1.

fill (sth) (with sth) to make sth full of sth; to become full of sth :

[ vn ]

to fill a hole with earth / a bucket with water

to fill a vacuum / void

Please fill this glass for me.

The school is filled to capacity .

Smoke filled the room.

The wind filled the sails.

A Disney film can always fill cinemas (= attract a lot of people to see it) .

[ vn - adj ]

Fill a pan half full of water.

[ v ]

The room was filling quickly.

Her eyes suddenly filled with tears.

The sails filled with wind.

BLOCK HOLE

2.

[ vn ] to block a hole with a substance :

The crack in the wall had been filled with plaster.

I need to have two teeth filled (= to have fillings put in them) .

( figurative )

The product has filled a gap in the market.

WITH FEELING

3.

[ vn ] fill sb (with sth) to make sb have a strong feeling :

We were all filled with admiration for his achievements.

WITH SMELL / SOUND / LIGHT

4.

[ vn ] fill sth (with sth) if a smell, sound or light fills a place, it is very strong, loud or bright and easy to notice

-FILLED

5.

(in adjectives) full of the thing mentioned :

a smoke-filled room

a fun-filled day

A NEED

6.

[ vn ] to stop people from continuing to want or need sth :

More nurseries will be built to fill the need for high-quality child care.

JOB

7.

[ vn ] to do a job, have a role or position, etc. :

He fills the post satisfactorily (= performs his duties well) .

The team needs someone to fill the role of manager very soon.

8.

[ vn ] to appoint sb to a job :

The vacancy has already been filled.

TIME

9.

[ vn ] fill sth (up) to use up a particular period of time doing sth :

How do you fill your day now that you've retired?

WITH FOOD

10.

[ vn ] fill sb / yourself (up) (with sth) ( informal ) to make sb/yourself feel unable to eat any more :

The kids filled themselves with snacks.

AN ORDER

11.

[ vn ] if sb fills an order or a prescription , they give the customer what they have asked for

—see also unfilled

IDIOMS

- fill sb's shoes / boots

—more at bill noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- fill in (for sb)

- fill sth in

- fill sb in (on sth)

- fill out

- fill sth out

- fill up (with sth) | fill sth up (with sth)

■ noun [ sing. ]

1.

your ~ (of sth/sb) as much of sth/sb as you are willing to accept :

I've had my fill of entertaining for one week.

2.

your ~ (of food / drink) as much as you can eat / drink

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English fyllan (verb), fyllu (noun) of Germanic origin; related to Dutch vullen and German füllen (verbs), Fülle (noun), also to full .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.