Meaning of FILL in English

FILL

v. & n.

--v.

1. tr. & intr. (often foll. by with) make or become full.

2 tr. occupy completely; spread over or through; pervade.

3 tr. block up (a cavity or hole in a tooth) with cement, amalgam, gold, etc.; drill and put a filling into (a decayed tooth).

4 tr. appoint a person to hold (a vacant post).

5 tr. hold (a position); discharge the duties of (an office).

6 tr. carry out or supply (an order, commission, etc.).

7 tr. occupy (vacant time).

8 intr. (of a sail) be distended by wind.

9 tr. (usu. as filling adj.) (esp. of food) satisfy, satiate.

10 tr. Poker etc. complete (a holding) by drawing the necessary cards.

11 tr. stock abundantly.

--n.

1. (prec. by possessive) as much as one wants or can bear (eat your fill).

2 enough to fill something (a fill of tobacco).

3 earth etc. used to fill a cavity.

Phrases and idioms:

fill the bill be suitable or adequate. fill in

1. add information to complete (a form, document, blank cheque, etc.).

2 a complete (a drawing etc.) within an outline. b fill (an outline) in this way.

3 fill (a hole etc.) completely.

4 (often foll. by for) act as a substitute.

5 occupy oneself during (time between other activities).

6 colloq. inform (a person) more fully.

7 sl. thrash, beat.

fill out

1. enlarge to the required size.

2 become enlarged or plump.

3 US fill in (a document etc.).

fill up

1. make or become completely full.

2 fill in (a document etc.).

3 fill the petrol tank of (a car etc.).

4 provide what is needed to occupy vacant parts or places or deal with deficiencies in.

5 do away with (a pond etc.) by filling. fill-up n. a thing that fills something up.

Etymology: OE fyllan f. Gmc, rel. to FULL(1)

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.