Meaning of PICK in English

PICK

/ pɪk; NAmE / verb , noun

■ verb

1.

to choose sb/sth from a group of people or things :

[ vn ]

Pick a number from one to twenty.

She picked the best cake for herself.

He picked his words carefully.

Have I picked a bad time to talk to you?

[ vn to inf ]

He has been picked to play in this week's game.

—see also hand-picked ➡ note at choose

2.

[ vn ] to take flowers, fruit, etc. from the plant or the tree where they are growing :

to pick grapes

flowers freshly picked from the garden

to go blackberry picking

3.

to pull or remove sth or small pieces of sth from sth else, especially with your fingers :

[ vn + adv. / prep. ]

She picked bits of fluff from his sweater.

He picked the nuts off the top of the cake.

[ vn ]

to pick your nose (= put your finger inside your nose to remove dried mucus )

to pick your teeth (= use a small sharp piece of wood to remove pieces of food from your teeth)

[ vn - adj ]

The dogs picked the bones clean (= ate all the meat from the bones) .

4.

[ v , vn ] ( NAmE ) = pluck (3)

IDIOMS

- pick and choose

- pick sb's brains

- pick a fight / quarrel (with sb)

- pick holes in sth

- pick a lock

- pick sb's pocket

- pick up the bill, tab, etc. (for sth)

- pick up the pieces

- pick up speed

- pick up the threads

- pick your way (across, along, among, over, through sth)

- pick a winner

—more at bone noun , piece noun , shred noun

PHRASAL VERBS

- pick at sth

- pick sb off

- pick sth off

- pick on sb/sth

- pick sb/sth out

- pick sth out

- pick sth over | pick through sth

- pick up

- pick up | pick sth up

- pick sb up

- pick sb/sth up

- pick sth up

- pick up on sth

- pick sb up on sth

- pick yourself up

■ noun

1.

[ sing. ] an act of choosing sth :

Take your pick (= choose) .

The winner gets first pick of the prizes.

2.

[ C ] a person or thing that is chosen :

She was his pick for best actress.

➡ note at choice

3.

[ sing. ] the ~ of sth the best thing or things in a group :

We're reviewing the pick of this month's new books.

I think we got the pick of the bunch (= the best in the group) .

4.

[ C ] = pickaxe :

picks and shovels

5.

[ C ] ( informal ) = plectrum

—see also ice pick , toothpick

••

WORD ORIGIN

verb and noun senses 1 to 3 Middle English (earlier as pike , which continues in dialect use): of unknown origin. Compare with Dutch pikken pick, peck, and German picken peck, puncture, also with French piquer to prick.

noun sense 4 Middle English : variant of pike weapon .

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.