Meaning of WHEEL in English

WHEEL

/ wiːl; NAmE / noun , verb

■ noun

ON / IN VEHICLES

1.

[ C ] one of the round objects under a car, bicycle, bus, etc. that turns when it moves :

He braked suddenly, causing the front wheels to skid.

One of the boys was pushing the other along in a little box on wheels .

2.

[ C , usually sing. ] the round object used to steer a car, etc. or ship :

This is the first time I've sat behind the wheel since the accident.

A car swept past with Laura at the wheel .

Do you want to take the wheel (= drive) now?

—see also helm , steering wheel

3.

wheels [ pl. ] ( informal ) a car :

At last he had his own wheels.

IN MACHINE

4.

[ C ] a flat round part in a machine :

gear wheels

—see also cartwheel , Catherine wheel , Ferris wheel , mill wheel , spinning wheel , waterwheel

ORGANIZATION / SYSTEM

5.

wheels [ pl. ] wheel (of sth) an organization or a system that seems to work like a complicated machine that is difficult to understand :

the wheels of bureaucracy / commerce / government, etc.

It was Rob's idea. I merely set the wheels in motion (= started the process) .

-WHEELED

6.

(in adjectives) having the number or type of wheels mentioned :

a sixteen-wheeled lorry

-WHEELER

7.

(in nouns) a car, bicycle, etc. with the number of wheels mentioned :

a three-wheeler

IDIOMS

- wheels within wheels

—more at cog , grease verb , oil verb , reinvent , shoulder noun , spoke

■ verb

[usually + adv. / prep. ]

MOVE STH WITH WHEELS

1.

[ vn ] to push or pull sth that has wheels :

She wheeled her bicycle across the road.

2.

[ vn ] to move sb/sth that is in or on sth that has wheels :

The nurse wheeled him along the corridor.

MOVE IN CIRCLE

3.

[ v ] to move or fly in a circle :

Birds wheeled above us in the sky.

TURN QUICKLY

4.

to turn quickly or suddenly and face the opposite direction; to make sb/sth do this :

[ v ]

She wheeled around and started running.

[ vn ]

He wheeled his horse back to the gate.

IDIOMS

- wheel and deal

PHRASAL VERBS

- wheel sth out

••

WORD ORIGIN

Old English hwēol (noun), of Germanic origin, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit cakra wheel, circle and Greek kuklos circle.

Oxford Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Оксфордский английский словарь для изучающик язык на продвинутом уровне.