Meaning of WASTE in English

WASTE

v., adj., & n.

--v.

1. tr. use to no purpose or for inadequate result or extravagantly (waste time).

2 tr. fail to use (esp. an opportunity).

3 tr. (often foll. by on) give (advice etc.), utter (words etc.), without effect.

4 tr. & intr. wear gradually away; make or become weak; wither.

5 tr. ravage, devastate.

6 tr. treat as wasted or valueless.

7 intr. be expended without useful effect.

--adj.

1. superfluous; no longer serving a purpose.

2 (of a district etc.) not inhabited or cultivated; desolate (waste ground).

3 presenting no features of interest.

--n.

1. the act or an instance of wasting; extravagant or ineffectual use of an asset, of time, etc.

2 waste material or food; refuse; useless remains or by-products.

3 a waste region; a desert etc.

4 the state of being used up; diminution by wear and tear.

5 Law damage to an estate caused by an act or by neglect, esp. by a life-tenant.

6 waste pipe.

Phrases and idioms:

go (or run) to waste be wasted. lay waste ravage, devastate. waste-basket esp. US waste-paper basket. waste one's breath see BREATH. waste not, want not extravagance leads to poverty. waste paper spoiled or valueless paper. waste-paper basket esp. Brit. a receptacle for waste paper. waste pipe a pipe to carry off waste material, e.g. from a sink. waste products useless by-products of manufacture or of an organism or organisms. waste words see WORD.

Derivatives:

wastable adj. wasteless adj.

Etymology: ME f. ONF wast(e), var. of OF g(u)ast(e), f. L vastus

Oxford English vocab.      Оксфордский английский словарь.