Meaning of PUNCH in English

PUNCH

I. ˈpənch verb

( -ed/-ing/-es )

Etymology: partly from Middle English punchen, from Middle French poinçonner to prick, stamp, from poinçon pointed tool; partly from punch (III) — more at puncheon

transitive verb

1.

a. : to prod with a stick or other blunt object : poke

was punched with her umbrella

rod to punch out the empty shells — W.F.Harris

b. : to act as herdsman of : drive 1c

c. : to push (material) through a foundation piece with a needle

in some carpets the pile is punched through the foundation

2.

a. : to strike with a hard and usually quick forward thrust especially with the fist

the boxer punched his opponent on the nose

check the dough temperature, relieve it of excess gases through punching it — Mary K. Moore

began to punch a pillow into shape — Berton Roueché

b. : to drive or push rapidly and forcibly by or as if by punching

roads punched out of the wilderness by massive bulldozers — Spokane (Wash.) Spokesman Review

a rocket could punch its way out of the atmosphere — New York Times

punched over a touchdown — C.B.Wilkinson

ideals are punched over in anger — A.L.Guernsey

3. : to emboss, cut, or operate on by means of a punch: as

a. : to stamp with perforations : perforate , puncture

a postage stamp punched with round holes

punch a ticket

b. : to record (data) by perforating a card or tape

the machine reads the factors, adds, subtracts … and punches the results — H.C.Zeisig & P.T.Martin

c. : to make by perforating or puncturing

holes can be punched in glass by forcing a sharp steel pin through — C.J.Phillips

d. : to make (a foundry-type matrix) by stamping with a punch

most matrices are stamped or punched, rather than engraved — Foundry Type

4. : to strike sharply so as to make a printed or other record or produce some other intended effect

punch the keys of a typewriter

also : to press or strike sharply the activating mechanism (as a button, key, or plunger) of

punch a typewriter

punch a time clock

punch the throttle

5. : to deliver (as a spoken line) or render (as a musical phrase) with strong emphasis

jokes were punched with an assist from a thud on the bass drum — Henry Hewes

lectures on how to punch their lines — Jane Woodfin

intransitive verb

1. : to perform the action of punching something

after the damage to his hand, the fighter could no longer punch

punching away at a typewriter

2. : to penetrate the paper being printed — used of a part of a printing surface

the very first thing a pressman will do when he looks at the back of a printed sheet is to start cutting out the points which punch — Graphic Arts Monthly

3. : to conduct oneself especially against odds or difficulties with continued effort, determination, and morale

after months of discouragement, he was still in there punching

Synonyms: see perforate , strike

II. noun

( -es )

1. : the action of punching

2. : a quick thrust or a blow with or as if with the fist

land a punch on the jaw

has thrown verbal punches at many a government bigwig — Time

the searing punch of cloud to ground lightning — J.C.Dillon

neither could expect to win a one punch war — H.E.Salisbury

3. : energy or vigor that commands or arrests attention : effectively aimed force : effectiveness

this book has a punch — W.L.Dorn

put more science and punch into salesmanship — Systems Magazine

verbs that have punch — Bruce Westley

a team with a terrific punch — Sporting News (St. Louis, Missouri)

4. : punch line ; also : a word that has the same effect

Synonyms: see vigor

- to the punch

III. noun

( -es )

Etymology: probably short for puncheon

1.

a. : a tool usually in the form of a short rod of steel that is either solid or hollow and sharp-edged and that is variously shaped at one end for different operations (as perforating, blanking, cutting, forming, drawing, bending, coining, embossing, seaming, trimming): as

(1) : prick punch

(2) : center punch

(3) : a short tapering steel rod for driving the heads of nails or brads below the surface — called also nail set

(4) : a tool for driving a bolt or other object out of a hole — called also starting punch

(5) : force 8a

(6) : hob II 4a (4)

(7) : a steel die faced with a letter in relief that is forced into a softer metal (as copper) to form an intaglio matrix from which foundry type is cast

b. : a device or machine for performing the operations of a hand punch: as

(1) : a hand-operated device for cutting holes or notches in paper or cardboard

(2) : punch press

(3) : keypunch

2. : a stonecutter's point

3. : a part having on its surface a figure or design in relief so that it is suitable for impressing an intaglio design on wax or other plastic material

4. : a hole or notch resulting from a perforating operation especially of a card or tape

IV. noun

( -es )

Etymology: perhaps from Hindi pā̃c five, from Sanskrit pañca; from the number of ingredients — more at five

1. : a hot or cold beverage varying greatly in composition but usually composed of wine, spirituous liquor, or ale or a combination thereof and citrus juice, spices, tea, and water and often served from a large bowl

hot rum punch

whiskey punch

also : a beverage composed of fruit juices and other nonalcoholic liquids (as tea, ginger ale) and usually served cold

2. : a drink or serving of punch

3. : a social affair at which punch is served

V. noun

( -es )

Etymology: probably short for punchinello

dialect chiefly England : a short stocky person or animal

VI. adjective

dialect Britain : short , thickset

VII. noun

( -es )

Etymology: by shortening & alteration

: panchayat

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.