Meaning of STAR in English

STAR

I. ˈstär, ˈstȧ(r noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English sterre, from Old English steorra; akin to Old High German sterro, sterno star, Old Norse stjarna, Gothic stairno, Latin stella, Greek astēr, astron star, Sanskrit stṛbhis (instrumental plural) by means of stars

1.

a.

(1) : an object (as a comet, meteor, or planet) in the sky resembling a luminous point and usually only bright enough to be seen at night ; specifically : fixed star

(2) : a heavenly body (as the sun or moon) ; also : earth

(3) obsolete : polestar

there's no more sailing by the star — Shakespeare

b.

(1) : a self-luminous gaseous celestial body of great mass whose own gravitation produces high internal pressure and temperature resulting in atomic and nuclear processes that cause the star to emit electromagnetic radiation and to be observable in the visible region of the spectrum if its surface temperature is about 2500° absolute or higher, whose shape is usually spheroidal, whose size may be as small as the earth or larger than the earth's orbit, and that often is composed of two or more stars in close gravitational association — see binary star , multiple star , supergiant , white dwarf

(2) : one of the self-luminous bodies belonging to a star cluster, globular cluster, star cloud, or galaxy

2.

a.

(1) : a planet or a configuration of the planets influencing one's destiny or fortune — usually used in plural

(2) : fortune or fame especially with regard to its waxing and waning

during his lifetime he received no such acclaim … and … after his death his star had set apparently not to rise again — A.T.Davison

b. obsolete : destiny , fate

I was not born unto riches, neither is it I think my star to be wealthy — Sir Thomas Browne

3.

a. : a conventional figure with five or more points that represents a star

added another star to the flag

as

(1) : an unpierced mullet — used especially in Scottish blazonry

(2) : estoile

(3) : asterisk — compare reference mark

b. : an often star-shaped ornament or medal worn as a badge of honor, authority, or rank or as the insignia of an order

awarded the silver star for valor

the single star of a brigadier general

wearing a deputy sheriff's star

a campaign ribbon with three battle stars

c. : one of a group of usually four or five conventional stars used to place something in a scale of value

his book could hardly rate three stars for juvenile reading — Sydney (Australia) Bulletin

a five- star performance in modern research — J.T.Soby

4. : something resembling a star or a conventional star: as

a. : a white spot on the forehead of an animal and especially on a horse

b. : one of the flashing or twinkling lights having no objective existence that are sometimes seen before the eyes especially as the result of a blow

a body blow that … filled his eyes with … stars — F.V.W.Mason

c.

[by shortening]

: starfish

d. : a small mass of composition used in fireworks (as rockets or mines) that burns with a starlike effect in any of several colors

e. : a bright spot or flaw in the surface of steel that is the end of a pipe which has not been quite cut away

f. : star wheel

g. : the figure produced by joining the coils or circuits of a polyphase apparatus or system at a common center — see star connection , star winding

h.

(1) : a light figure in a crystal that consists usually of a bright center and one or more luminous lines radiating from it, is observed best under strong illumination, and is seen especially in a cabochon-cut gemstone held in the proper orientation

(2) : a gemstone showing asterism

i. : star facet

j. : star cut

k. : the multiple forking of a cloud track produced by multiple nuclear disintegration ; also : a smaller pattern similarly produced in a photographic emulsion

l. : mill 7c

5.

a.

(1) : the principal member of a theatrical or operatic company who usually plays the chief roles

(2) : a highly publicized performer whose appearance in a play or motion picture is a major guarantee of its success

the films … create stars out of young actors and actresses — Britain Today

(3) : an outstandingly talented performer

a star who unquestionably conveyed to the audiences the very essence of the character he was portraying — J.F.Wharton

track star

b. : something that is prominently featured or whose brilliance, distinction, unusualness, or attractiveness attracts attention

a fish long gone (400 million years), but not forgotten, is the star of an exhibit — W.C.Fitzgibbon

the stars, from a spectator's standpoint, will be the representatives of the military services — John Brehl

6. : an especially unattainable goal — often used in plural

the quenchless dignity of man, the ceaseless questing for the stars — J.S.Redding

7. : the privilege open to the first player in a game of English pool who loses his three lives of purchasing at the price of the original stake as many additional lives as the lowest number held by any other player

8. Britain : a convict serving a prison sentence for the first time

9. : a hummingbird of the genus Calothorax (as the Lucifer hummingbird) or a related form

10. : one of a class of international one-design sharp-chined racing sloops that are Marconi rigged and approximately 22 feet 9 inches in overall length with a sail area of 281 square feet

- stars in one's eyes

II. verb

( starred ; starred ; starring ; stars )

transitive verb

1. : to make (a person) into a star or constellation

a mighty archer starred by the gods

2. : to sprinkle or adorn with or as if with stars : bespangle , dot

meadows starred with buttercups and daisies — Kenneth Roberts

3.

a. : to mark with a star as being superior or preeminent in some way

a monument starred in the guidebook

b.

(1) : to mark with or as if with an asterisk

(2) : to run or fill out (as an improperly typeset line) with asterisks

4. : to present as a star : advertise or display prominently : feature

the movie stars a famous stage personality

5. : to cause (molten antimony) to form starlike patterns on solidifying

intransitive verb

1.

a. : to perform as or be a star : play the most prominent or important role

under contract to produce and star in two pictures a year — Current Biography

b. : to perform outstandingly

the third baseman starred with a sensational catch

the author starred as journalist, novelist, and playwright

2. : to become fractured in radiating cracks

the glass starred but didn't shatter — Dupont Magazine

3. : to purchase additional lives in English pool

4. : to form starlike patterns on solidifying — used of antimony

III. adjective

1.

a. : of or relating to a star

b. : composed of stars

star belt

c. : shaped or arranged like a conventional star

star punch

2.

a. : marked with a star as a distinguishing mark (as of importance or of excellence)

b. Britain : wearing a star that marks the prisoner who wears it as a first offender

3.

a. : of, relating to, being, based upon, or concerned with a starred performer or a starring role

star system

star billing

star attraction

star actors are bad judges of plays — J.B.Priestley

after his return to film work … he played star roles in six or more pictures — Current Biography

b. : of outstanding excellence : preeminent

star athlete

star pupil

a star diplomat and intriguer — Newsweek

star mechanic

IV. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse störr sedge; akin to Old English starian to stare — more at stare

dialect chiefly Britain : beach grass , sedge

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.