Meaning of SWITCH in English

SWITCH

— switchable , adj. — switcher , n. — switchlike , adj.

/swich/ , n.

1. a slender, flexible shoot, rod, etc., used esp. in whipping or disciplining.

2. an act of whipping or beating with or as with such an object; a stroke, lash, or whisking movement.

3. a slender growing shoot, as of a plant.

4. a hairpiece consisting of a bunch or tress of long hair or some substitute, fastened together at one end and worn by women to supplement their own hair.

5. Elect. a device for turning on or off or directing an electric current or for making or breaking a circuit.

6. Railroads. a track structure for diverting moving trains or rolling stock from one track to another, commonly consisting of a pair of movable rails.

7. a turning, shifting, or changing: a switch of votes to another candidate.

8. Bridge. a change to a suit other than the one played or bid previously.

9. Basketball. a maneuver in which two teammates on defense shift assignments so that each guards the opponent usually guarded by the other.

10. a tuft of hair at the end of the tail of some animals, as of the cow or lion.

11. asleep at the switch , Informal. failing to perform one's duty, missing an opportunity, etc., because of negligence or inattention: He lost the contract because he was asleep at the switch.

v.t.

12. to whip or beat with a switch or the like; lash: He switched the boy with a cane.

13. to move, swing, or whisk (a cane, a fishing line, etc.) with a swift, lashing stroke.

14. to shift or exchange: The two girls switched their lunch boxes.

15. to turn, shift, or divert: to switch conversation from a painful subject.

16. Elect. to connect, disconnect, or redirect (an electric circuit or the device it serves) by operating a switch (often fol. by off or on ): I switched on a light.

17. Railroads.

a. to move or transfer (a train, car, etc.) from one set of tracks to another.

b. to drop or add (cars) or to make up (a train).

18. Motion Pictures , Television. to shift rapidly from one camera to another in order to change camera angles or shots.

v.i.

19. to strike with or as with a switch.

20. to change direction or course; turn, shift, or change.

21. to exchange or replace something with another: He used to smoke this brand of cigarettes, but he switched.

22. to move or sway back and forth, as a cat's tail.

23. to be shifted, turned, etc., by means of a switch.

24. Basketball. to execute a switch.

25. Bridge. to lead a card of a suit different from the suit just led by oneself or one's partner.

[ 1585-95; earlier swits, switz slender riding whip, flexible stick; cf. LG (Hanoverian) schwutsche long, thin stick ]

Syn. 7. change, shift, alternation, substitution.

Random House Webster's Unabridged English dictionary.      Полный английский словарь Вебстер - Random House .