Meaning of STATISTICS: PARAGUAY in English

STATISTICS: PARAGUAY

Paraguay Official name: Repblica del Paraguay (Spanish); Tet Paraguype (Guaran) (Republic of Paraguay). Form of government: multiparty republic with two legislative houses (Senate ; Chamber of Deputies ). Head of state and government: President. Capital: Asuncin. Official languages: Spanish; Guaran. Official religion: none{2}. Monetary unit: 1 Paraguayan Guaran ( ) = 100 cntimos; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = 2,810; 1 = 4,784. Demography Population (1998): 5,223,000{3}. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 33.3, persons per sq km 12.8. Urban-rural (1992): urban 50.3%; rural 49.7%. Sex distribution (1992): male 50.23%; female 49.77%. Age breakdown (1992): under 15, 40.1%; 15-29, 27.6%; 30-44, 18.7%; 45-59, 8.3%, 60-74, 4.2%; 75 and over, 1.1%. Population projection: (2000) 5,496,000; (2010) 6,980,000. Religious affiliation (1995): Roman Catholic 88.5%; Protestant 5.0%; other 6.5%. Major cities (1992): Asuncin 502,426; Ciudad del Este 133,893; San Lorenzo 133,311; Lambar 99,681; Fernando de la Mora 95,287. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1995-2000): 31.3 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1995-2000): 5.4 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1995-2000): 25.9 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1995-2000): 4.2. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1992): 3.9{4}. Life expectancy at birth (1995-2000): male 67.5 years; female 72.0 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1993){5}: diseases of the circulatory system 162.7; malignant neoplasms (cancers) 52.8; diseases of the respiratory system 38.1; infectious and parasitic diseases 32.7. National economy Budget (1996). Revenue: 2,937,992,000,000 (taxes on goods and services 46.5%, customs duties 15.1%, income on fixed assets 14.3%, royalty payments 12.6%, pension funds 7.2%, documentary tax 2.3%). Expenditures: 3,335,481,000,000 (education 21.3%; public works 11.4%, defense 8.1%, agriculture 8.2%, interior 7.2%, public health 7.2%, housing 5.2%). Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$.1,377,000,000. Population economically active (1996): total 1,747,488; activity rate 35.3% (participation rates; 1992: ages 12 and over, 51.0%; female 23.8%; unemployed 9.8%). Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): cassava 2,770,000, sugarcane 2,736,000, soybeans 2,394,000, corn (maize) 654,000, seed cotton 330,000, oranges 175,000, lint cotton 115,000, bananas 67,000, sweet potatoes 67,000; livestock (number of live animals) 9,788,000 cattle, 2,525,000 pigs, 14,152,000 chickens; roundwood (1995) 10,401,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 16,000. Mining and quarrying (1995): limestone 600,000; kaolin 74,000; gypsum 4,500. Manufacturing (value added in constant prices of 1982, '000,000; 1995): food products 70,600; wood products and furniture 24,500; handicrafts 11,400; textiles 10,200; printing and publishing 7,800; nonmetal products 6,900; petroleum products 6,400; leather and hides 5,700. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 35,862,000,000 (3,090,000,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) none (1,986,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 293,000 (1,011,000). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$9,179,000,000 (U.S.$1,850 per capita). Household income and expenditure. Average household size (1992) 4.7; sources of income (1989): wages and salaries 33.9%, transfer payments 2.5%. Tourism (1995): receipts U.S.$213,000,000; expenditures U.S.$181,000,000. Foreign trade{6} Imports (1996): U.S.$2,850,477,000{7} (machinery and transport equipment 33.5%, of which transport equipment 11.6%; fuels and lubricants 8.3%; chemicals and pharmaceuticals 4.6%). Major import sources (1996): Brazil 32.7%; Argentina 19.5%; U.S. 10.7%; Japan 6.2%; South Korea 3.4%. Exports (1996): U.S.$1,043,446,000{7} (soybean flour 31.1%; cotton fibres 20.7%; timber 9.0%; oilseed cakes 8.2%; vegetable oil 7.4%, of which soybean oil 5.6%; processed meats 4.5%; hides and skins 4.2%). Major export destinations (1996): Brazil 49.9%; The Netherlands 16.5%; Argentina 9.2%; Uruguay 4.2%; United States 3.5%; Chile 2.4%; Italy 1.9%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1994): route length 441 km; passenger-km 3,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 5,500,000. Roads (1995): total length 28,900 km (paved 9%). Vehicles (1993): passenger cars 174,212; trucks 76,565. Air transport (1994): passenger-km 1,235,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 11,700,000; airports (1997) 5. Education and health Educational attainment (1992). Percentage of population age 15 and over having: no formal schooling 7.0%; primary education 61.2%; secondary 23.2%; higher 6.6%; not stated 2.0%. Literacy (1995): percentage of total population age 15 and over literate 92.1%; males literate 93%; female literate 90.6%. Health (1993): physicians 3,341 (1 per 1,406 persons); hospital beds 5,435 (1 per 864 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (1995-2000) 39.0. Food (1995): daily per capita caloric intake 2,560 (vegetable products 77%, animal products 23%); 111% of FAO recommended minimum requirement. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 20,200 (army 73.8%, navy 17.8%, air force 8.4%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 1.4% (world 2.8%), per capita expenditure U.S.$23. {1} Includes one nonelective seat. Former President Wasmosy became senator-for-life in August 1998. {2} Roman Catholicism, although not official, enjoys special recognition in the 1992 constitution. {3} The 1992 census figure is not adjusted for undercount. The 1998 population figure is adjusted for estimated undercount. {4} Civil Registry records only. {5} Reporting areas only (constituting about 75 percent of the total population). {6} Imports are f.o.b. {7} Preliminary.

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