Meaning of STATISTICS: PUERTO RICO in English

STATISTICS: PUERTO RICO

Puerto Rico Official name: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico; Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. Political status: self-governing commonwealth in association with theUnited States, having two legislative houses (Senate ; House of Representatives ). Chief of state: President of the United States. Head of government: Governor. Capital: San Juan. Official languages: Spanish; English. Monetary unit: 1 U.S. dollar (U.S.$) = 100 cents; valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 = U.S.$1.70. Demography Area: 3,515 sq mi, 9,104 sq km. Population (1998): 3,786,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 1,077.2, persons per sq km 415.9. Urban-rural (1990): urban 71.2%; rural 28.8%. Sex distribution (1992): male 48.43%; female 51.57%. Age breakdown (1992): under 15, 27.2%; 15-29, 25.1%; 30-44, 20.4%; 45-59, 14.1%; 60-74, 9.2%; 75 and over, 4.0%. Population projection: (2000) 3,836,000; (2010) 4,120,000. Doubling time: 77 years. Major cities (1990): San Juan 426,832; Ponce 159,151; Caguas 92,429; Mayagez 83,010; Arecibo 49,545. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1996): 17.2 (world avg. 25.0). Death rate per 1,000 population (1996): 7.9 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1996): 9.3 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1991): 2.2. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1992): 9.6. Life expectancy at birth (1991): male 69.6 years; female 78.5 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1993): heart disease 142.6; cancers 95.4; diabetes 55.1; cerebrovascular disease 38.0; pneumonia and influenza 29.2. National economy Budget. Revenue (1995-96): U.S.$7,852,000,000 (income taxes 43.1%, excise taxes 17.3%, nontax revenue 5.0%, property taxes 1.0%, other receipts 33.6%). Expenditures (1992): U.S.$5,607,000,000 (education 30.3%, public safety and protection 11.4%, welfare 10.8%, health 10.7%). Public debt (outstanding; 1995): U.S.$15,993,600,000. Tourism (1995): receipts from visitors (1995) U.S.$1,826,100,000; expenditures by nationals abroad U.S.$833,000,000. Production (in metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): sugarcane 404,500; plantains 76,100; bananas 47,700; pineapples 18,500; oranges 16,700; pumpkins, squash, and gourds 16,300; coffee 12,800; mangoes 11,100; livestock (number of live animals) 326,000 cattle, 200,000 pigs; roundwood, n.a.; fish catch (1995) 2,629 metric tons. Mining (value of production in U.S.$'000; 1993): stone 50. Manufacturing (value added in U.S.$'000,000; 1995): chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and allied products 9,164; machinery and metal products 3,393; food products 2,269; clothing 510; printing and publishing 179; stone, clay, and glass products 171. Construction (authorized; 1985): residential 1,798,000 sq m; nonresidential 41,000 sq m. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 17,880,000,000 (17,880,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1994) none (172,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) none (43,980,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 6,256,000 (7,540,000); natural gas, none (none). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$31,600,000,000 (U.S.$8,200 per capita). Population economically active (1995): total 1,228,000; activity rate 32.2% (participation rates: ages 16-64, 52.9%; female 39.4%; unemployed 13.8%). Household income and expenditure (1995). Average family size 3.6; income per family U.S.$27,017; sources of income: wages and salaries 56.3%, transfers 29.5%, self-employment 6.4%, rent 5.2%, other 2.6%; expenditure (1995): food and beverages 20.4%, transportation 13.6%, health care 13.4%, housing and energy 12.2%, household furnishings 12.0%, recreation 8.9%. Foreign trade Imports (1995-96): U.S.$19,060,900,000 (chemicals [all forms] 21.8%, electrical machinery 12.8%, food 11.3%, transport equipment 9.3%, nonelectrical machinery 7.3%, petroleum and petroleum products 6.1%, professional and scientific instruments 4.5%, clothing and textiles 4.4%). Major import sources: U.S. 62.5%; Japan 6.4%; Dominican Republic 4.0%; U.K. 2.9%. Exports (1995-96): U.S.$22,944,400,000 (chemicals and chemical products 43.3%, food 14.5%, nonelectrical machinery 14.2%, electrical machinery 9.6%). Major export destinations: U.S. 87.8%; Dominican Republic 2.9%; Germany 1.0%; Belgium 0.9%; Japan 0.8%; U.K. 0.7%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1988){2}: length 59 mi, 96 km. Roads (1994): total length 14,379 mi, 23,140 km (paved 87%). Vehicles (1994): passenger cars 1,432,000; trucks and buses 229,000. Merchant marine: n.a. Air transport (1990-91): passenger arrivals 4,245,137, passenger departures 4,262,164; cargo loaded and unloaded 222,172 metric tons{3}; airports (1997) with scheduled flights 7. Education and health Educational attainment (1990). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: primary education 26.8%; some secondary 23.5%; complete secondary 21.0%; higher 28.7%. Literacy (1990): total population age 18 and over literate 2,122,860 (89.7%); males literate 1,001,878 (89.6%); females literate 1,120,982 (89.7%). Health: physicians (1988) 9,422 (1 per 349 persons); hospital beds (1993-94) 9,598 (1 per 381 persons); infant mortality rate (1994) 11.5. Military Total active duty personnel (1992): 3,518 U.S. personnel. {1} Includes (each house) 2 special at-large seats above usual legally mandated membership of body that were created under a constitutional provision to limit majority party's control of either house to two-thirds. {2} Privately owned railway for sugarcane transport only. {3} Handled by the Luis Muoz Marn International Airport only.

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