Meaning of STATISTICS: UZBEKISTAN in English

STATISTICS: UZBEKISTAN

Uzbekistan Official name:Uzbekiston Respublikasi (Republic of Uzbekistan). Form of government: multiparty republic with a single legislative body (Supreme Assembly ). Heads of state and government: President assisted by Prime Minister. Capital: Tashkent (Toshkent). Official language: Uzbek. Official religion: none. Monetary unit: sum{1} (plural sumy); valuation (Sept. 25, 1998) 1 U.S.$ = 300.00 sumy; 1 = 510.75 sumy. Demography Population (1998): 24,091,000. Density (1998): persons per sq mi 139.5, persons per sq km 53.8. Urban-rural (1996): urban 38.38%; rural 61.62%. Sex distribution (1995): male 49.50%; female 50.50%. Age breakdown (1989): under 15, 40.8%; 15-29, 28.4%; 30-44, 15.0%; 45-59, 9.3%; 60-74, 4.7%; 75 and over, 1.8%. Population projection: (2000) 24,987,000; (2010) 28,723,000. Ethnic composition (1995): Uzbek 75.8%; Russian 6.0%; Tajik 4.8%; Kazak 4.1%; Kyrgyz 0.9%; Ukrainian 0.6%; Turkmen 0.6%; other 7.2%. Religious affiliation (1995): Muslim (mostly Sunni) 88.0%; Russian Orthodox 1.0%; Jewish 0.2%; other (mostly nonreligious) 10.8%. Major cities (1995): Tashkent 2,107,000; Samarkand 362,000; Namangan 362,000; Andijon 313,000; Bukhara 238,000. Vital statistics Birth rate per 1,000 population (1994): 29.5 (world avg. 25.0); (1994) legitimate 96.5%; illegitimate 3.5%. Death rate per 1,000 population (1994): 6.7 (world avg. 9.3). Natural increase rate per 1,000 population (1994): 22.8 (world avg. 15.7). Total fertility rate (avg. births per childbearing woman; 1993): 3.8. Marriage rate per 1,000 population (1994): 7.9. Divorce rate per 1,000 population (1994): 1.1. Life expectancy at birth (1994): male 66.0 years; female 72.0 years. Major causes of death per 100,000 population (1993): diseases of the circulatory system 303.6; diseases of the respiratory system 115.0; accidents, poisoning, and violence 50.0; cancers 48.7; infectious and parasitic diseases 38.4; diseases of the digestive system 31.8; diseases of the nervous system 10.3; endocrine and metabolic disorders 10.3. National economy Budget (1995). Revenue: 89,914,000,000 sumy (taxes on income and profits 38.1%, excise taxes 27.6%, value-added tax 19.2%, property and land taxes 4.7%, other 10.4%). Expenditures: 100,262,000,000 sumy (social and cultural affairs 36.9%, investments 18.8%, national economy 13.3%, payments on interest 4.9%, administration 3.0%, other 23.1%). Household income and expenditure (1995). Average household size (1989) 5.5; income per household 35,165 sumy (U.S.$1,040); sources of income: wages and salaries 63.0%, subsidies, grants, and nonwage income 34.9%, other 2.1%; expenditure: food and beverages 71%, clothing and footwear 14%, recreation 6%, household durables 4%, housing 3%. Public debt (external, outstanding; 1996): U.S.$1,990,000,000. Production (metric tons except as noted). Agriculture, forestry, fishing (1996): seed cotton 3,300,000, vegetables 2,916,000, fruit (except grapes) and berries 1,165,000, grapes 580,000, potatoes 490,000, rice 480,000, barley 230,000; livestock (number of live animals) 8,352,000 sheep, 5,204,000 cattle, 208,000 pigs, 13,000,000 chickens; roundwood (1990) 15,000 cu m; fish catch (1995) 26,312. Mining and quarrying (1995): copper 100,000; zinc 80,000; gold 85. Manufacturing (value of production in '000,000 sumy; 1993): textiles 987; machine building and metalworking equipment 519; ferrous and nonferrous metals 484; processed foods 429; construction materials 294; chemical products 270. Construction (1992): residential 7,000,000,000 sq m. Energy production (consumption): electricity (kW-hr; 1994) 47,800,000,000 (47,400,000,000); coal (metric tons; 1995) 3,045,000 (1994; 4,200,000); crude petroleum (barrels; 1994) 25,655,000 (43,980,000); petroleum products (metric tons; 1994) 7,880,000 (7,880,000); natural gas (cu m; 1995) 48,600,000,000 (1994; 38,564,000,000). Gross national product (1996): U.S.$23,490,000,000 (U.S.$1,010 per capita). Population economically active (1995): total 8,345,000; activity rate of total population 36.8% (participation rates: ages 16-59 , 16-54 74.5%; female 43.0%; unemployed 2.2%). Land use (1994): forested 2.9%; meadows and pastures 46.5%; agricultural and under permanent cultivation 10.1%; other 40.5%. Foreign trade Imports (1996): U.S.$4,763,000,000 (1995; machinery and metalworking products 29.1%, chemical products 13.6%, ferrous and nonferrous metal products 12.4%, food products 5.5%, forestry and paper products 4.0%, light industrial products 2.9%). Major import sources: Russia 24.9%; Korea 11.8%; Germany 11.0%; U.S. 8.1%; Turkey 5.4%. Exports (1996): U.S.$2,649,000,000 (1995; light industrial products 34.7%, oil and gas 15.1%, machine-building equipment 5.9%, food products 5.8%, electricity 5.4%). Major export destinations: Russia 22.4%; Italy 8.8%; Tajikistan 6.8%; China 5.1%; Ukraine 5.1%. Transport Transport. Railroads (1996): length 3,380 km; (1995) passenger-km 2,500,000,000; (1995) metric ton-km cargo 16,907,000,000. Roads (1995): total length 84,400 km (paved 86%). Vehicles (1994): passenger cars 865,300; buses 14,500. Air transport (1995): passenger-km 3,000,000,000; metric ton-km cargo 105,000,000; airports (1996) with scheduled flights 9. Education and health Educational attainment (1989). Percentage of population age 25 and over having: primary education or no formal schooling 13.3%; some secondary 19.8%; completed secondary and some postsecondary 57.7%; higher 9.2%. Literacy (1989): percentage of total population age 15 and over literate 97.2%; males literate 98.5%; females literate 96.0%. Health (1995): physicians 76,000 (1 per 302 persons); hospital beds 192,000 (1 per 120 persons); infant mortality rate per 1,000 live births (1996) 25.7. Military Total active duty personnel (1997): 65,000 (army 69.2%, air force 6.2%, other 24.6%). Military expenditure as percentage of GNP (1995): 3.8% (world 2.8%); per capita expenditure U.S.$90. {1} Tashkent province includes Tashkent City.

Britannica English vocabulary.      Английский словарь Британика.