Meaning of SET in English
(POSITION) [verb] [T usually + adverb or preposition] setting, past set - to put (something) in the stated place or positionHe set a vase of flowers on the table.The child set one toy brick carefully on top of another.Our cat brought in a dead mouse and set it proudly in front of us.The campsite is set (= is in a position which is) in the middle of a pine forest.Our house is set back from (= is in a position which is away from) the road.If a story, film, etc. is set in a particular time or place, the action in it happens in that time or place.'West Side Story' is set in New York in the late 1950s.The film 'Gone with the Wind' is set against the background of (= during the events of) the American Civil War.If you set some time aside/on one side/to one side, you make certain that you are able to use it for a special purpose.He always sets some time aside every day to read to his children. [M]To set money aside/on one side/to one side is to save it.We try and set aside a bit of money every week. [M]If you set a disagreement or problem aside/on one side/to one side, you forget it or ignore it.If we're going to work together successfully, we'll have to set our differences aside. [M]To set a matter aside/on one side/to one side is also temporarily not deal with it.Setting aside the question of cost, what do you think of the idea in principle? [M]To set down an aircraft is to land it.It will be difficult for the pilot to set the plane down in that small space. [M]If a vehicle sets down a passenger, it stops so that the passenger can get out.The taxi set us down a long way from our hotel, and we had to walk. [M]To set something down is also to write or print it.The rules of the club are set down in the members' handbook. [M]To set aside a decision or a judgment, esp. a legal one, which someone else has made, or to set a decision of this type aside, is to state that it was wrong or not reasonable.The Court of Appeal set aside his conviction.If you set something against something else, you consider the first thing in relation to the second.You have to set the advantages of the scheme against the disadvantages.The cost of business travel and entertainment can be set against tax (= can be recorded as an item on which tax does not have to be paid).If something is set apart (from something else), it is shown to be different from something else, esp. by having a particular good characteristic.The separation of words into sense groupings is one of the things that sets this dictionary apart.What set her apart from the other candidates for the job was that she had a lot of original ideas.If you set back something/set something back, you delay it.The opening of the new swimming pool has been set back by a few weeks.See also set back; setback.To set back something/set something back is also to cause it to stop advancing.This result has set back their chances of winning the competition.This act will set the nationalist cause back by several years.See also set back; setback.To set out something/set something out is to arrange it.The market was full of brightly coloured vegetables set out on stalls. [M]Every evening Michael sets out the breakfast things on the table, ready for the morning.The grounds of the house are attractively set out.If you are set to work, you are given work to do.When I started my new job, I was just set to work without anyone explaining to me what I was supposed to be doing.To set up something/set something up is to prepare it for use, esp. by putting parts together.We arrived early so that we could set up our display for the flower show.Set-aside is land for which farmers are paid in order not to grow crops on it.
Cambridge English vocab. Кембриджский английский словарь. 2012