Meaning of SET in English

I. ˈset verb

( set ; set·ting )

Etymology: Middle English setten, from Old English settan; akin to Old High German sezzen to set, Old English sittan to sit

Date: before 12th century

transitive verb

1. : to cause to sit : place in or on a seat


a. : to put (a fowl) on eggs to hatch them

b. : to put (eggs) for hatching under a fowl or into an incubator

3. : to place (oneself) in position to start running in a race


a. : to place with care or deliberate purpose and with relative stability

set a ladder against the wall

set a stone on the grave

b. : transplant 1

set seedlings


(1) : to make (as a trap) ready to catch prey

(2) : to fix (a hook) firmly into the jaw of a fish

d. : to put aside (as dough containing yeast) for fermenting

5. : to direct with fixed attention

set your mind to it


a. : to cause to assume a specified condition, relation, or occupation

slaves were set free

set the house on fire

b. : to cause the start of

set a fire


a. : to appoint or assign to an office or duty

b. : post , station

8. : to cause to assume a specified posture or position

set the door ajar


a. : to fix as a distinguishing imprint, sign, or appearance

the years have set their mark on him

b. : affix

c. : apply

set a match to kindling

10. : to fix or decide on as a time, limit, or regulation : prescribe

set a wedding day

set the rules for the game


a. : to establish as the highest level or best performance

set a record for the half mile

b. : to furnish as a pattern or model

set an example of generosity

c. : to allot as a task

setting lessons for the children to work upon at home — Manchester Examiner


a. : to adjust (a device and especially a measuring device) to a desired position

set the alarm for 7:00

set a thermostat at 68

also : to adjust (as a clock) in conformity with a standard

b. : to restore to normal position or connection when dislocated or fractured

set a broken bone

c. : to spread to the wind

set the sails


a. : to put in order for use

set a place for a guest

b. : to make scenically ready for a performance

set the stage


(1) : to arrange (type) for printing

set type by hand

(2) : to put into type or its equivalent (as on film)

set the first word in italic


a. : to put a fine edge on by grinding or honing

set a razor

b. : to bend slightly the tooth points of (a saw) alternately in opposite directions

c. : to sink (the head of a nail) below the surface

15. : to fix in a desired position (as by heating or stretching)

16. : to arrange (hair) in a desired style by using implements (as curlers, rollers, or clips) and gels or lotions


a. : to adorn with something affixed or infixed : stud , dot

clear sky set with stars

b. : to fix (as a precious stone) in a border of metal : place in a setting


a. : to hold something in regard or esteem at the rate of

set s a great deal by daily exercise

b. : to place in a relative rank or category

set duty before pleasure

c. : to fix at a certain amount

set bail at $500

d. : value , rate

their promises were set at naught

e. : to place as an estimate of worth

set a high value on life

19. : to place in relation for comparison or balance

theory set against practice


a. : to direct to action

b. : to incite to attack or antagonism

war set s brother against brother


a. : to place by transporting

was set ashore on the island

b. : to put in motion

c. : to put and fix in a direction

set our faces toward home once more

d. of a dog : to point out the position of (game) by holding a fixed attitude

22. : to defeat (an opponent or a contract) in bridge


a. : to fix firmly : make immobile : give rigid form or condition to

set her jaw in determination

b. : to make unyielding or obstinate

24. : to cause to become firm or solid

set milk for cheese

25. : to cause (as fruit or seed) to develop

intransitive verb

1. chiefly dialect : sit

2. : to be becoming : be suitable : fit

the coat set s well

3. : to cover and warm eggs to hatch them


a. : to affect one with or as if with weight

the pudding set s heavily on my stomach

b. : to place oneself in position in preparation for an action (as running)

5. of a plant part : to undergo development usually as a result of pollination


a. : to pass below the horizon : go down

the sun set s

b. : to come to an end

this century set s with little mirth — Thomas Fuller

7. : to apply oneself to some activity

set to work

8. : to have a specified direction in motion : flow , tend

the wind was setting from Pine Hill to the farm — Esther Forbes

9. of a dog : to indicate the position of game by crouching or pointing

10. : to dance face to face with another in a square dance

set to your partner and turn


a. : to become solid or thickened by chemical or physical alteration

the cement set s rapidly

b. of a dye or color : to become permanent

c. of a bone : to become whole by growing together

- set about

- set apart

- set aside

- set at

- set eyes on

- set foot in

- set foot on

- set forth

- set forward

- set in motion

- set one's hand to

- set one's heart on

- set one's house in order

- set one's sights on

- set one's teeth on edge

- set one straight

- set sail

- set store by

- set the stage

- set to music

- set upon

II. noun

Date: 14th century


a. : the act or action of setting

b. : the condition of being set

2. : a number of things of the same kind that belong or are used together

an electric train set


a. : mental inclination, tendency, or habit : bent

a set toward mathematics

b. : a state of psychological preparedness to perceive or respond to an anticipated stimulus or situation

4. : direction of flow

the set of the wind

5. : form or carriage of the body or of its parts

her face took on a cynical set — Raymond Kennedy

6. : the manner of fitting or of being placed or suspended

in order to give the skirt a pretty set — Mary J. Howell

7. : amount of deflection from a straight line

set of a saw's teeth

8. : permanent change of form (as of metal) due to repeated or excessive stress

9. : the act or result of arranging hair by curling or waving

10. also sett ˈset

a. : a young plant or rooted cutting ready for transplanting

b. : a small bulb, corm, or tuber or a piece of tuber used for propagation

onion set s

c. : the blossoms of a plant that have set fruit as a result of fertilization

11. or sett : the burrow of a badger

12. : the width of the body of a piece of type

13. : an artificial setting for a scene of a theatrical or film production

14. also sett : a rectangular paving stone of sandstone or granite

15. : a division of a tennis match won by the side that wins at least six games beating the opponent by two games or by winning a tiebreaker

16. : a collection of books or periodicals forming a unit

17. : a clutch of eggs

18. : the basic formation in a country-dance or square dance

19. : a session of music (as jazz or dance music) usually followed by an intermission ; also : the music played at one session

20. : a group of persons associated by common interests

21. : a collection of elements and especially mathematical ones (as numbers or points) — called also class

22. : an apparatus of electronic components assembled so as to function as a unit

a television set

23. : a usually offensive formation in football or basketball

24. : a group of a specific number of repetitions of a particular exercise

III. adjective

Etymology: Middle English sett, from Old English gesett, past participle of settan

Date: 14th century

1. : intent , determined

set upon going

2. : intentional , premeditated

did it of set purpose

3. : fixed by authority or appointment : prescribed, specified

set hours of study

4. : reluctant to change

set in their ways


a. : immovable , rigid

set frown

b. : built-in

a set tub

6. : settled, persistent

set defiance

7. : being in readiness : prepared

set for an early morning start

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.