Meaning of EXTRACT in English


The verb is pronounced /ɪkstrækt/. The noun is pronounced /ekstrækt/.

( extracted)


To extract a substance means to obtain it from something else, for example by using industrial or chemical processes.

...the traditional method of pick and shovel to extract coal...

Citric acid can be extracted from the juice of oranges, lemons, limes or grapefruit.

...looking at the differences in the extracted DNA.

VERB : V n , be V-ed from n , V-ed , also V n from n

• ex‧trac‧tion

Petroleum engineers plan and manage the extraction of oil.

N-UNCOUNT : oft the N of n


If you extract something from a place, you take it out or pull it out.

He extracted a small notebook from his hip pocket...

Patterson went straight to the liquor cabinet and extracted a bottle of Scotch...

VERB : V n from n , V n


When a dentist extracts a tooth, they remove it from the patient’s mouth.

A dentist may decide to extract the tooth to prevent recurrent trouble...

She is to go and have a tooth extracted at 3 o’clock today.

VERB : V n , have n V-ed

• ex‧trac‧tion


In those days, dentistry was basic. Extractions were carried out without anaesthetic.



If you say that someone extracts something, you disapprove of them because they take it for themselves to gain an advantage.

He sought to extract the maximum political advantage from the cut in interest rates...

VERB : V n from n [ disapproval ]


If you extract information or a response from someone, you get it from them with difficulty, because they are unwilling to say or do what you want.

He made the mistake of trying to extract further information from our director...

VERB : V n from n


If you extract a particular piece of information, you obtain it from a larger amount or source of information.

I’ve simply extracted a few figures...

Britain’s trade figures can no longer be extracted from export-and-import documentation at ports.

VERB : V n , be V-ed from n , also V n from n


If part of a book or text is extracted from a particular book, it is printed or published. ( JOURNALISM )

This material has been extracted from ‘Collins Good Wood Handbook’.

V-PASSIVE : be V-ed from n


An extract from a book or piece of writing is a small part of it that is printed or published separately.

Read this extract from an information booklet about the work of an airline cabin crew.

= excerpt

N-COUNT : usu N from n


An extract is a substance that has been obtained from something else, for example by means of a chemical or industrial process.

Blend in the lemon extract, lemon peel and walnuts.

N-MASS : oft n N


see also yeast extract

Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary.      Английский словарь Коллинз COBUILD для изучающих язык на продвинутом уровне.