Meaning of EXTRACT in English

I. ik-ˈstrakt, oftenest in sense 5 ˈek-ˌ transitive verb

Etymology: Middle English, from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere, from ex- + trahere to draw

Date: 15th century


a. : to draw forth (as by research)

extract data

b. : to pull or take out forcibly

extract ed a wisdom tooth

c. : to obtain by much effort from someone unwilling

extract ed a confession


a. : to withdraw (as a juice or fraction) by physical or chemical process

b. : to treat with a solvent so as to remove a soluble substance

3. : to separate (a metal) from an ore

4. : to determine (a mathematical root) by calculation

5. : to select (excerpts) and copy out or cite

Synonyms: see educe

• ex·tract·abil·i·ty ik-ˌstrak-tə-ˈbi-lə-tē, (ˌ)ek- noun

• ex·tract·able ik-ˈstrak-tə-bəl, ˈek-ˌ adjective

II. ˈek-ˌstrakt noun

Date: 15th century

1. : a selection from a writing or discourse : excerpt

2. : a product (as an essence or concentrate) prepared by extracting ; especially : a solution (as in alcohol) of essential constituents of a complex material (as meat or an aromatic plant)

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.