Meaning of EXTRACT in English


I. ikˈstrakt, ekˈs-, in sense 3a usually & in other senses sometimes ˈekˌs- transitive verb

( extracted ; extracted or obs extract ; extracting ; extracts )

Etymology: Middle English extracten, from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere, from ex- ex- (I) + trahere to draw, pull — more at draw


a. : to draw forth

extracting a letter from his pocket

especially : to pull out (as something embedded or otherwise firmly fixed) forcibly or with great effort

extracting a tooth

extracting the bullet from the wound

extracting the stump of a tree

b. : to obtain (as money or knowledge of a secret) by much maneuvering and effort from or as if from someone unwilling

before you try to extract money from anyone — Edith Sitwell

extracting a promise

extracting information

extracting the truth

c. : to derive (as pleasure) or deduce (as the meaning of a word) from a specified source as if by drawing forth

extracting happiness from what many would consider a humdrum existence

extracting a strange meaning from what she had said

d. : to separate or otherwise obtain (as constituent elements or juices) from a substance by treating with a solvent (as alcohol), distilling, evaporating, subjecting to pressure or centrifugal force, or by some other chemical or mechanical process

extracting an essence

extracting the juice of apples

extracted honey

— compare leach 1b

e. : to treat with a solvent so as to remove soluble substances

adrenal cortex is extracted with acetone

— compare leach 1a

f. : to separate (an ore or mineral) from a deposit ; also : to separate (a metal) from an ore

g. : to separate (flour) from broken grain kernels in the process of grinding grain

h. : to separate (a particular genetic character) in the form of a homozygote from a heterozygous strain

extracted albinos

extracted dominants and recessives

2. : to determine (the root of a number or quantity) by mathematical calculation

extracting the square root of 64


a. : to make out an extract (sense 1b) of

b. : to select (excerpts) and copy out or cite

I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few notorious falsehoods — Jonathan Swift

4. : to subject to any action or process of extracting

Synonyms: see educe

II. ˈekˌstrakt noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin extractus, extracta, & extractum, from Latin, masculine, feminine, & neuter respectively of the past participle of extrahere


a. obsolete : summary , outline

b. : a certified copy of a document that forms part of or is preserved in a public record

c. : a selection from a writing or discourse : excerpt , quotation

2. : something extracted: as

a. : a preparation obtained by evaporation (as of a solution of a drug or the juice of a plant)

b. : the portion of a mixture that is dissolved by a solvent and later separated from part or from all of the solvent (as by distillation)

c. : a solution in alcohol of flavor and odor constituents (as from an aromatic plant)

the use of vanilla extract and lemon extract in cooking

d. : a preparation containing the essence of the substance from which it is derived : essence , concentrate

beef extract

e. : the total soluble constituents of beer with the exception of alcohol and carbon dioxide

3. obsolete : extraction 2

III. adjective

or extracted

Etymology: from past participle of extract (I)

obsolete : derived or descended

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.