Meaning of NEAR in English

(~er, ~est, ~s, ~ing, ~ed)

Frequency: The word is one of the 700 most common words in English.


If something is ~ a place, thing, or person, it is a short distance from them.

Don’t come ~ me...

Her children went back every year to stay in a farmhouse ~ the cottage...

He drew his chair ~er the fire...

Some of the houses ~est the bridge were on fire.


Near is also an adverb.

He crouched as ~ to the door as he could...

She took a step ~er to the barrier...

As we drew ~, I saw that the boot lid was up.

ADV: ADV after v, be ADV, oft ADV to n

Near is also an adjective.

He collapsed into the ~est chair...

Where’s the ~est telephone?...

The ~er of the two barges was perhaps a mile away.

ADJ: ADJ n, the ADJ of n


He was suddenly aware of his ~ness.

N-UNCOUNT: usu with poss


If someone or something is ~ to a particular state, they have almost reached it.

After the war, The House of Hardie came ~ to bankruptcy...

The repairs to the Hafner machine were ~ to completion...

Apart from anything else, he comes ~ to contradicting himself.

= close


Near means the same as ~ to .

He was ~ tears...

We are no ~er agreement now than in the past.



If something is similar to something else, you can say that it is ~ to it.

...a sickening sensation that was ~ to nausea.


Near means the same as ~ to .

Often her feelings were ~er hatred than love.



You describe the thing most similar to something as the ~est thing to it when there is no example of the thing itself.

It would appear that the legal profession is the ~est thing to a recession-proof industry...

ADJ: the ADJ n to n, the ADJ to n


If a time or event draws ~, it will happen soon. (WRITTEN)

The time for my departure from Japan was drawing ~er every day.

ADV: ADV after v, be ADV


If something happens ~ a particular time, it happens just before or just after that time.

Performance is lowest between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m, and reaches a peak ~ midday...

I’ll tell you ~er the day.



You use ~ to say that something is a little more or less than an amount or number stated. increase manufacturing from about 2.5 million cars a year to ~er 4.75 million...



You can say that someone will not go ~ a person or thing when you are emphasizing that they refuse to see them or go there.

He will absolutely not go ~ a hospital...

I’m so annoyed with her that I haven’t been ~ her for a week.

PREP: with brd-neg emphasis


The ~ one of two things is the one that is closer.

...a mighty beech tree on the ~ side of the little clearing...

Jane put one foot in the ~ stirrup and turned to look at the stranger.

? far

ADJ: det ADJ n


You use ~ to indicate that something is almost the thing mentioned.

She was believed to have died in ~ poverty on the French Riviera.

...the 48-year-old who was brought in to rescue the bank from ~ collapse.


Near is also an adverb.

...his ~ fatal accident two years ago...

ADV: ADV adj


In a contest, your ~est rival or challenger is the person or team that is most likely to defeat you.

That victory put the Ukrainians beyond the reach of their ~est challengers, Dynamo Moscow.



When you ~ a place, you get quite ~ to it. (LITERARY)

As he ~ed the stable, he slowed the horse and patted it on the neck...

VERB: no passive, V n


When someone or something ~s a particular stage or point, they will soon reach that stage or point.

His age was hard to guess–he must have been ~ing fifty...

The project is taking a long time but is now ~ing completion.

= approach

VERB: no passive, V n, V n


You say that an important time or event ~s when it is going to occur quite soon. (LITERARY)

As half time ~ed, Hardyman almost scored twice...

= approach



People sometimes refer to their close relatives and friends as their ~est and dearest.

...that English convention of not showing your feelings, even to your ~est and dearest.

= kith and kin



You use ~ and far to indicate that you are referring to a very large area or distance.

People would gather from ~ and far...



If you say that something will happen in the ~ future, you mean that it will happen quite soon.

The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in the ~ future.



You use nowhere ~ and not anywhere ~ to emphasize that something is not the case.

They are nowhere ~ good enough...

It was nowhere ~ as painful as David had expected...

PHRASE: usu PHR adj, PHR n emphasis

Collins COBUILD.      Толковый словарь английского языка для изучающих язык Коллинз COBUILD (международная база данных языков Бирмингемского университета) .