Meaning of RECOIL in English


■ verb

1》 suddenly spring back or flinch in fear, horror, or disgust.

↘feel such emotions at the thought of something.

2》 (of a gun) move abruptly backwards as a reaction on firing.

↘spring back through force of impact or elasticity.

3》 ( ~ on/upon ) (of an action) have an adverse consequence for (the originator).

■ noun the action of ~ing.


~less adjective

Word History

Recoil came into English from Old French reculer 'move back', and first meant 'drive or force back' or 'retreat'. The -coil part comes from Latin culus , which means 'buttocks, bottom': this gave rise to the French word cul , the source of cul-de-sac (literally 'bottom of a sack') and culottes .

Concise Oxford English vocab.      Сжатый оксфордский словарь английского языка.