Meaning of AROUND in English



1. around someone or something

2. to be surrounded by something

3. to move into a position around someone or something

4. moving in a circle or moving around something


to turn around : ↑ TURN

shaped like a ball or circle : ↑ ROUND

see also



1. around someone or something

▷ around also round British /əˈraʊnd, raʊnd/ [preposition/adverb]

completely surrounding or enclosing someone or something :

▪ A group of students sat around the table chatting.

▪ She was wearing a silver chain round her neck.

▪ On the kitchen table was a package with tape wrapped around it.

all around/all round

▪ Enemy soldiers were now all around us.

▪ At the bottom of the hill was a small pond with trees all round.

▷ on all sides/on every side /ɒn ˌɔːl ˈsaɪdz, ɒn ˌevri ˈsaɪd/ [adverb]

if something is around you on all sides or on every side, you see it everywhere and you may feel that you are unable to move or escape because of it :

▪ Mountains rose steeply on all sides.

from all sides

▪ There was the sound of gunfire from all sides.

2. to be surrounded by something

▷ be surrounded by /biː səˈraʊndə̇d baɪ/ [verb phrase]

if someone or something is surrounded by people or things, those people or things are around them on every side :

▪ The tops of the hills were surrounded by clouds.

▪ Jill sat on the floor surrounded by boxes.

▷ be ringed by /biː ˈrɪŋd baɪ/ [verb phrase]

if something is ringed by things, those things form a circle around it :

▪ Hoover Dam is ringed by snow-capped mountains that reach high above the desert plain.

▪ Fifteen minutes after the explosion, the embassy was ringed by police officers and armed guards.

▷ be framed by /biː ˈfreɪmd baɪ/ [verb phrase]

if something that you are looking at is framed by something, you see it within the borders of that thing :

▪ I could see the church tower framed by the windows.

▪ Her small face was framed by a mass of red hair

▷ enclose /ɪnˈkləʊz/ [transitive verb usually in passive]

to form a wall or covering around something that keeps it separate from everything outside it :

▪ The fence enclosing the prison compound is constantly patrolled by armed guards.

be enclosed by something

▪ The garden was completely enclosed by a high wall.

▪ The fish live in a shallow tropical lagoon, which is enclosed by a coral reef.

be enclosed in something

▪ Jerry had to spend two months enclosed in a huge plastic bubble, to prevent him from catching germs from other children.

3. to move into a position around someone or something

▷ surround /səˈraʊnd/ [transitive verb]

to stand in a circle around someone or something, especially to prevent someone escaping :

▪ Football fans ran onto the field and surrounded the referee.

▪ Police officers moved to surround Evans as he came out of the courtroom.

▷ gather around also gather round /ˌgæðər əˈraʊnd, ˌgæðəʳ ˈraʊnd/ [intransitive/transitive verb]

if a group of people gathers around someone or something, they move nearer to them, for example in order to see or hear better :

▪ A crowd of young boys had gathered round to admire the car.

gather around somebody/something

▪ After supper we gathered around the kitchen table and listened to Grandma tell stories about her childhood.

▷ encircle /ɪnˈsɜːʳk ə l/ [transitive verb]

if a group of people encircle someone or something, they move so that they are completely around them, making it impossible for them to escape :

▪ Troops encircled the city and began firing rockets at the government buildings.

▪ The photo showed the captive sitting down, encircled by several armed men.

▷ crowd around also crowd round British /ˌkraʊd əˈraʊnd, ˌkraʊd ˈraʊnd/ [intransitive/transitive phrasal verb]

if a group of people crowds around someone or something, they stand near them closely together, often pushing forward to see what is happening :

▪ Fire officers asked the people who had crowded round to stand back.

crowd around somebody/something

▪ Dozens of journalists crowded around the Princess and started asking her questions.

4. moving in a circle or moving around something

▷ around also round British /əˈraʊnd, raʊnd/ [adverb/preposition]

use this after verbs of movement, to show that someone or something is moving in a circle or moving around something :

go/fly/travel/run etc around

▪ The Earth goes around the Sun.

▪ The helicopter flew round and round above us.

▷ in circles /ɪn ˈsɜːʳk ə lz/ [adverb]

if someone or something moves in circles, they move around in a circle several times :

▪ Birds flew in circles above the lake.

▪ As the dog got more and more excited, it started running around in circles.

▷ circle /ˈsɜːʳk ə l/ [intransitive/transitive verb] especially written

to move around someone or something in a circle :

▪ The plane circled the airport several times before landing.

circle around/above

▪ As we walked along the beach, I could see seagulls circling above the cliffs.

▷ orbit /ˈɔːʳbɪt, ˈɔːʳbət/ [transitive verb]

to go around the Earth, the Moon, the Sun etc in a continuous circular movement :

▪ The satellite will orbit the Earth for the next 15 years.

▪ The team confirmed the discovery of a planet orbiting the star 51 Pegasi.

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