Meaning of LONG in English



long in length

1. long object/line/road etc

2. long book/name/list etc

3. to make something longer

4. to become longer

5. ways of saying how long something is

long time

6. a long time

7. continuing for a long time

8. continuing for too long

9. to continue for longer than was planned or expected

10. when you need a lot of time in order to do something

11. art, writing, ideas etc that last for a long time

12. to make something last longer

13. when someone lives for a very long time





1. long object/line/road etc

▷ long /lɒŋǁlɔːŋ/ [adjective]

something that is long has a great length or distance between its two ends :

▪ Her hair was long, honey-blonde, and tied back in a ponytail.

▪ She led them down a long corridor, through countless swinging doors.

▪ a woman in a long black gown

▪ Rome has the longest shopping street in Europe.

▷ elongated /ˈiːlɒŋgeɪtɪd, ˈiːlɒŋgeɪtədǁɪˈlɔːŋ-/ [adjective]

much longer and narrower than usual :

▪ Eucalyptus trees grow very tall and have elongated leaves.

▪ The lizard’s body is thin and elongated, enabling it to squeeze into cracks and crevices.

▪ The candle cast its elongated shadow across the wall.

2. long book/name/list etc

▷ long /lɒŋǁlɔːŋ/ [adjective]

a long book, name etc has a lot of pages, words, letters, details etc in it :

▪ The place has a long Welsh name that I can’t pronounce.

▪ I like the book, but the chapters are really long.

▪ Oh dear, this is going to be a long list of things I was supposed to do but didn’t.

▪ I don’t want to make a long speech, but I hope you’ll bear with me while I mention a few people who have helped.

▷ lengthy /ˈleŋθi/ [adjective] formal

a lengthy book, document, or explanation has a lot of words and details in it, and is often quite boring :

▪ a lengthy, two-volume book on conditions in modern China

▪ The President gave a lengthy address to the nation on CBS last night.

▪ a lengthy financial report

▪ He later completed a lengthy study of Figurative Art.

3. to make something longer

▷ make something longer /ˌmeɪk something ˈlɒŋgəʳǁ-ˈlɔːŋ-/ [verb phrase]

▪ The sleeves on this jacket are too short; do you think you could make them just a little longer?

▪ Mr Watson said my essay was OK, but maybe I should have made it longer.

▪ If you want to make the story longer, embellish it and ask your child questions about the characters.

▷ lengthen /ˈleŋθ ə n/ [transitive verb]

to make something longer especially in order to make it more suitable or useful :

▪ He wore blue jeans, which had been lengthened with strips of denim.

▪ This particular operation involves lengthening the Achilles tendon.

▷ extend /ɪkˈstend/ [transitive verb]

to make something such as a line, road, or passage longer so that it reaches further :

▪ Miners have extended the tunnel in order to get a new supply of coal.

extend something to something

▪ They will extend the subway from central Buffalo to the smaller towns around the city.

▷ stretch /stretʃ/ [transitive verb]

to make a piece of string, elastic, cloth etc longer by pulling it :

▪ Norma picked up a stocking, stretched it and then pulled it onto her foot.

▪ Careful, don’t stretch it, it’ll snap!

4. to become longer

▷ get longer /ˌget ˈlɒŋgəʳǁ-ˈlɔːŋ-/ [verb phrase]

▪ You’ve lost weight, and your hair’s got longer.

▪ The traffic tailback seems to be getting longer, not shorter!

get longer and longer

become continuously longer

▪ The Internet may be booming, but the list of failed dotcom companies is getting longer and longer.

▪ These forms seem to get longer and longer.

▷ lengthen /ˈleŋθ ə n/ [intransitive verb]

to gradually become longer :

▪ As afternoon drew on and the shadows lengthened, her fears increased.

▪ The crack seemed to open wider and lengthen before her eyes.

▪ He smiled and the creases at the corners of his eyes lengthened.

▷ stretch /stretʃ/ [intransitive verb]

if a piece of string, elastic, cloth etc stretches, it gets longer, especially because it is being pulled :

▪ Uncle John pulled hard on the bell-rope, which stretched and then broke.

▪ elasticated straps designed to stretch easily

5. ways of saying how long something is

▷ long /lɒŋǁlɔːŋ/ [adjective]

six feet/two metres etc long

▪ The room is about 10 metres long and 5 metres wide.

▪ Some snakes can grow up to 30 feet long.

▪ To read a report that’s over 40 pages long? It would take me most of the day.

how long

▪ How long is the trailer? I don’t think it will fit in the garage.

▪ Look how long Ayesha’s hair is getting.

▪ Get me a measuring tape - I’ll show you how long I want the skirt.

▷ length /leŋθ/ [countable/uncountable noun]

how long something is :

▪ Do you want your hair at the back to be the same length as the sides?

▪ Try these trousers, they look about the right length.

length of

▪ Measure the length of all three sides of the triangle.

▪ The windows stretch across the whole length of the wall.

a length of 4 feet/three inches etc

▪ These fish can grow to a length of four feet.

5 miles/12 inches etc in length

▪ The leaves reach 20-25 cm in length.

in length

▪ The two pieces of rope were unequal in length.

of equal length

when two things are of the same length

▪ Actually, no-one has legs of exactly equal length.

full-length /ˌfʊl ˈleŋθ◂/ [adjective]

as long as it is possible for something to be :

▪ There were even full-length mirrors in all the lifts.

▪ a full-length fur coat

6. a long time

▷ a long time /ə ˌlɒŋ ˈtaɪmǁ-ˌlɔːŋ-/ [noun phrase]

▪ It’s good to see you again, Ben -- it’s been a really long time.

(for) a long time

▪ He’s lived here a long time.

▪ The house has been empty for a long time.

in a long time

▪ I haven’t heard from Chuck in a long time.

▪ It’s about the worst cold I’ve had in a long time.

a long time ago

▪ We met in August 1947, a long time ago.

▪ I’ve been to California, but it was a very long time ago.

a very long time/a long, long time

▪ We’ve been friends for a very long time.

▪ A long, long time ago, a king had three daughters.

it’s a long time since

▪ It’s a long time since I heard from Clive.

take (somebody) a long time (to do something)

▪ It’s a big file, so it’ll take a long time to print out.

▪ It’s taking you a long time to finish that assignment, isn’t it?

last a long time

▪ That’s a big notepad you have there, it should last a long time.

▷ a while /ə ˈwaɪl/ [noun phrase]

a fairly long time :

for a while

▪ How’s Lynne? I haven’t seen her for a while.

▪ So you guys were in Brazil for a while, huh?

in a while

▪ I haven’t worn that jacket in a while.

after a while

▪ After a while, I realised he was serious.

a while ago/back

▪ He fought for the title a while ago.

▪ ‘Is that a photo of him?’ ‘Yeah, that was taken a while back - his hair’s longer now.’

it’s (been) a while since

▪ It’s been a while since I read the book, and I can’t remember much about it, to be honest.

quite a while

a long time

▪ He’s been going out with her quite a while now, hasn’t he?

a long while

▪ I haven’t played chess in a really long while.

a little while

▪ Can I hold her for a little while?

▪ A little while later, Rick returned with the drinks.

take (somebody) a while

▪ It took me a while before I could understand him.

▪ Your leg will take a while to get better, Mary.

▷ long /lɒŋǁlɔːŋ/ [adverb]

a long time, or for a long time :

▪ Have you been waiting long?

▪ I won’t be long.

▪ It has long been recognized that a high fat diet can cause heart problems.

long before/after

▪ Long after the war, the wreckage of his plane was discovered.

▪ They ran out of things to talk about long before they arrived.

▪ 75 percent of the battered women in our survey stayed with their husbands long after most people would have left.

so long

▪ They’ve been together so long, I can’t figure out why they don’t get married.

long ago

▪ I guess it didn’t happen very long ago.

take (somebody) so long

▪ I don’t visit very often because it takes so long to get over there.

▪ I’m sorry this is taking so long.

▷ for long /fəʳ ˈlɒŋǁ-ˈlɔːŋ/ [adverb usually in questions or negative sentences]

for a long time :

▪ Have you been working here for long?

▪ I hope his speech doesn’t go on for long.

▪ He’ll have to stay in hospital, but not for long.

for very long

▪ I haven’t known them for very long.

▷ hours/months/years etc /ˈaʊəʳz/ [plural noun]

many hours, months, or years, and a lot longer than you expected :

▪ It was years before we found out the truth.

▪ Sorry I’m late. Had to wait hours for a bus.

▪ Justin spends hours and hours just playing this one game.

for hours/months/years etc

▪ I must get the car serviced -- I’ve been putting it off for months.

▪ Henry seemed to be on the phone for hours last night.

months/years/hours etc ago

▪ I bought this pen years ago. Two pounds it cost me!

▪ Rob went out hours ago, and he’s not back yet.

be weeks/months/hours etc since

▪ It’s been years since I was there, the place must have changed.

▷ all day/week etc long /ˌɔːl deɪ ˈlɒŋǁ-ˈlɔːŋ/ [adverb]

for the whole of one day, the whole of one week etc :

▪ It’s been snowing almost all day long.

▪ I’ve been thinking about you all night long.

▷ ages /ˈeɪdʒɪz, ˈeɪdʒəz/ [plural noun] especially British, spoken

a very long time :

(for) ages

▪ I’ve had that jar of coffee ages, you’d better throw it out.

▪ Derek’s been telling her for ages to get another job.

it’s ages since

▪ It’s ages since we played this game - I’d forgotten how good you are.

▪ It seems like ages since we saw Ron and Eileen.

ages ago

a long time ago

▪ ‘When did you sell the car?’ ‘Ages ago!’

▪ I emailed you ages ago -- hasn’t it arrived?

wait/spend ages

▪ I spent ages in town trying to find something to wear for the wedding.

▪ We had to wait ages till the doctor could see us.

ages and ages

use this to emphasize how long something takes or lasts

▪ Oh come on, we haven’t had chips for ages and ages.

▷ forever /fərˈevəʳ/ [adverb] spoken

a very long time, or too long :

▪ Let me see the map, or we’ll be driving round here forever.

▪ God’s love endures forever.

go on forever

▪ Well, I don’t suppose the police will let the situation go on forever!

▪ We had a game of Scrabble that seemed to go on forever.

last forever

▪ You go into marriage thinking it’s going to last forever.

▪ These wool blankets pretty much last forever, don’t they?

forever and a day

use this to emphasize that something continues for a very long time

▪ I’m staying here. If I go with you, it’ll take forever and a day.

▷ for the longest time /fəʳ ðə ˌlɒŋgə̇st ˈtaɪmǁ-ˌlɔːŋ-/ [adverb] American spoken

if you wait, walk, stand etc for the longest time, you do it for a very long time :

▪ We sat in the bar drinking for the longest time.

▪ For the longest time, we didn’t even realize he was gone.

▷ donkey’s years /ˈdɒŋkiz ˌjɪəʳzǁˈdɑːŋ-/ [noun phrase] British informal

a long time, used especially to say that something happened a very long time ago :

for donkey’s years

▪ She worked in the shop for donkey’s years, although the pay was awful.

donkey’s years ago

▪ We used to play golf together, but that was donkey’s years ago.

donkey’s years since

▪ It’s donkey’s years since I went to the movies.

▷ in living memory /ɪn ˌlɪvɪŋ ˈmem ə ri/ [adverb]

for as long as people who are still alive can remember :

▪ It was the hottest summer in living memory.

▪ For the first time in living memory, old Jack had left the island.

within living memory

▪ The site had only flooded once within living memory.

7. continuing for a long time

▷ long /lɒŋǁlɔːŋ/ [adjective]

continuing for a long time :

▪ The play was good, but it was a little too long.

▪ He died after a long illness.

▪ It’s a long flight - 15 hours.

▷ lengthy /ˈleŋθi/ [adjective]

a lengthy process or delay takes a long time so that you have to wait before you can do something :

▪ She died of natural causes after a lengthy illness.

▪ The runways have reopened, but travelers have been warned to expect lengthy delays.

lengthy process/procedure etc

▪ He was indicted on drug charges after a lengthy investigation by the US Drug Enforcement Administration.

▪ The procedures for bringing a body back for burial are lengthy and complex.

▪ Creating a new network system is a lengthy process.

▷ long-running /ˌlɒŋ ˈrʌnɪŋ◂ǁˌlɔːŋ-/ [adjective only before noun]

a long-running event or performance is one that continues for a very long time :

▪ The action is the latest in a long-running battle between the US and Canada relating to Cuban relations.

▪ The proposal would end a long-running dispute between the Internal Revenue and the petroleum producers.

▪ The long-running musical "Jesus Christ Superstar' is to close after more than 3,000 performances.

▷ long-standing /ˌlɒŋ ˈstændɪŋ◂ǁˌlɔːŋ-/ [adjective only before noun]

a long-standing situation, agreement, or arrangement has continued for a long time and is likely to continue for a long time in the future :

▪ Motorola has a long-standing agreement to provide at least one week’s training to all new employees.

▪ The area is populated by Kurdish rebels who have long-standing grievances against Hussein.

▪ GM maintains a long-standing policy of not commenting on market speculation and rumour.

▷ lasting /ˈlɑːstɪŋǁˈlæs-/ [adjective only before noun]

strong enough or great enough to continue for a long time :

▪ The speech could do lasting damage to US--German relations.

▪ Japan’s creation of a Western-style economy has been the country’s lasting achievement.

lasting effect/impact etc

▪ His next book is about the lasting effects of the Vietnam war.

lasting peace/friendship/agreement etc

▪ Until we all give up violence, there cannot possibly be lasting peace in the world.

leave/make a lasting impression

▪ The incident left a lasting impression on the young girl.

▷ lifelong /ˈlaɪflɒŋǁ-lɔːŋ/ [adjective]

continuing for all of someone’s life - use this about relationships, interests and feelings etc :

▪ She first visited Ireland when she was ten, and developed a lifelong interest in the country.

▪ Depression has been a lifelong struggle for me.

lifelong ambition/dream etc

▪ According to his biographers, he had a lifelong ambition to make money.

▪ For many people, owning their own business is a lifelong goal.

lifelong member/resident/friend etc

▪ Virginia Maples, a lifelong resident, praised the town for its neighborliness.

▪ Alvin met the poet Hughes, who became a lifelong friend and confidante.

▷ prolonged /prəˈlɒŋdǁ-ˈlɔːŋd/ [adjective]

continuing for a long time, or longer than you expected :

▪ How are you going to explain your prolonged absence?

▪ a prolonged and bloody battle for independence

▪ Studies show that prolonged exposure to maternal depression can result in childhood mood disorders.

▷ lingering /ˈlɪŋg ə rɪŋ/ [adjective only before noun]

lingering doubts, hopes, or other feelings continue for a long time, especially long after a particular event :

▪ She had a lingering sense of guilt for some time after breaking off her relationship with Henry.

▪ For years, Mexico’s primary feeling toward the US was one of lingering resentment.

▪ What will be the lingering images of the Sydney Olympic Games?

▪ If he had any lingering doubts about the marriage, he did not show it.

▷ enduring /ɪnˈdjʊ ə rɪŋǁ-ˈdʊ ə -/ [adjective]

an enduring feeling, memory, influence, quality or relationship continues for a long time :

▪ His childhood experiences had an enduring influence on his work.

▪ My most enduring memory of my father is watching him clean his rifle.

▪ The friendships formed in her schooldays proved to be the most enduring.

▪ Cartoons have a universal and enduring appeal.

▷ abiding /əˈbaɪdɪŋ/ [adjective] formal

an abiding feeling, belief, or interest continues for a long time and is not likely to change :

▪ She had a basic and abiding belief in democratic systems.

▪ As a boy he had had an abiding curiosity about how things worked.

▪ The internal security of his country was the President’s other abiding concern.

▪ His father had an abiding interest in nature.

▷ chronic /ˈkrɒnɪkǁˈkrɑː-/ [adjective usually before noun]

a chronic illness or bad situation continues for a very long time or is permanent :

▪ China has a chronic shortage of capital, so it must encourage saving.

▪ the chronic decay of the inner city areas

▪ We need to take steps to counter the chronic decline in our export market.

▪ He suffers from chronic asthma.

chronically [adverb]

▪ care of the chronically ill

8. continuing for too long

▷ long-drawn-out /ˌlɒŋ drɔːn ˈaʊt◂ǁˌlɔːŋ-/ [adjective]

a long-drawn-out process continues for a long time, is very tiring, and probably continues for longer than it needs to :

▪ The long-drawn-out campaigns that precede every election in the US have already begun.

▪ This war is too one-sided to be very long-drawn-out.

▪ Netscape faces a long-drawn-out battle with software giant Microsoft.

▪ Building up a successful herd is a long-drawn out process of careful buying and breeding.

▷ long-winded /ˌlɒŋ ˈwɪndə̇d◂ǁˌlɔːŋ-/ [adjective]

a speech or piece of writing that is long-winded is too long and therefore boring or difficult to understand :

▪ Jacques launched into a long-winded explanation that left us just as confused as before.

▪ Her letters do tend to be a bit long-winded.

▪ I’m sick of reading badly-written and long-winded scripts by candidates who should know better.

▷ protracted /prəˈtræktɪd, prəˈtræktəd/ [adjective]

something unpleasant that is protracted continues for a long time, which makes it worse than usual :

▪ After a bloody and protracted struggle, the ‘Mau-Mau’ fighters forced Britain to grant independence.

▪ This marks the first day of what is likely to be a protracted and bitter courtroom battle.

▪ There was a protracted silence, after which Lydia said quietly, ‘I’m to inherit all the money -- you’ll get nothing.’

▷ interminable /ɪnˈtɜːʳmɪnəb ə l, ɪnˈtɜːʳmənəb ə l/ [adjective] formal

continuing for a very long time so that it becomes boring and you become impatient :

▪ The ride back to the city seemed interminable.

▪ What’s the reason for all these interminable delays?

▪ She wasn’t looking forward to the interminable winter nights, alone in the cabin.

▪ He launched into an interminable monologue about his last therapy session.

interminably [adverb]

▪ The first course took an interminably long time to arrive.

▪ He paused interminably after each question we asked him.

▷ drag on /ˌdræg ˈɒn/ [intransitive phrasal verb]

to continue for too long and so become boring or annoying :

▪ Despair grew as the war dragged on.

▪ Presidential campaigns seem to drag on forever.

▪ If the stalemate drags on, there could be serious consequences for the town’s population.

drag on for weeks/years etc

▪ Lawsuits about titles to land often drag on for years without settlement.

▪ The fighting dragged on for another two years before a settlement was finally reached.

drag on into October/2002/next year etc

▪ Analysts fear the downturn will drag on into next year.

drag on until 1945/2.00 a.m. etc

▪ The meeting dragged on until late afternoon.

▷ take ages/years/forever etc /ˌteɪk ˈeɪdʒə̇z/ [verb phrase]

to take much longer than seems reasonable :

▪ Getting visas to visit America seemed to take ages.

▪ The problem with letters is that they always get lost or take forever to arrive.

▪ It’ll take days to sort this mess out.

take somebody ages/years/forever etc

▪ It took me ages to get all that washing done.

▪ It took Josephine months to finish writing her dissertation.

9. to continue for longer than was planned or expected

▷ overrun/run over /ˌəʊvəˈrʌn, ˌrʌn ˈəʊvəʳ/ [intransitive verb/intransitive phrasal verb]

if an activity such as a meeting or game overruns or runs over, it continues longer than it is supposed to do :

▪ The meeting is going to overrun so we’d better find out what time they close the building.

▪ If the ceremony runs over, I’ll switch to Channel 17.

overrun by 10 minutes/an hour/two days etc

▪ The scenes were cut because the preceding programme overran by 10 minutes.

run over time

▪ Well, what do you know? We’ve run over time, and there’s no time for questions.

▷ run on /ˌrʌn ˈɒn/ [intransitive phrasal verb] informal

to last for a long time, especially longer than expected or planned :

▪ Don’t allow meetings to run on; set an agenda and stick to it.

▪ Business lunches do tend to run on sometimes.

▪ Sorry, I’m running on a bit. What did you want to say?

10. when you need a lot of time in order to do something

▷ take a long time /ˌteɪk ə ˌlɒŋ ˈtaɪmǁ-ˌlɔːŋ-/ [verb phrase]

▪ Our visit took a long time, and we returned home late for lunch.

▪ Downloading audio files via a modem takes a long time.

it takes (somebody) a long time (to do something)

▪ It took a long time to get to know him, but we became good friends in the end.

▪ I’ve never done one of these tests before - it took me a long time.

▪ It takes a long time for people in this community to accept you.

▷ time-consuming /ˈtaɪm kənˌsjuːmɪŋǁ-ˌsuː-/ [adjective]

a method, activity or process that is time-consuming takes a long time especially because it contains a lot of stages or separate pieces of work :

▪ Repairs can be time-consuming and expensive.

▪ Caring for a disabled child is a time-consuming, but ultimately rewarding, job.

▪ We wanted to avoid costly, time-consuming legislation.

11. art, writing, ideas etc that last for a long time

▷ timeless /ˈtaɪmləs/ [adjective]

music, literature, art etc, that is timeless still seems important and interesting even though it was written or made a long time ago :

▪ Crosby’s ‘It Ain’t Necessarily So’ remains a timeless classic.

▪ In the south-west of England, the scenery is timeless and unmistakably agricultural.

timeless appeal/quality

▪ Shakespeare’s plays have a timeless appeal to all audiences.

▪ If a song is good enough, it has a timeless quality.

▷ immortal /ɪˈmɔːʳtl/ [adjective only before noun]

immortal words, lines etc are famous and are remembered for a long time after they are written or spoken :

▪ In the immortal words of Henry Ford, ‘History is bunk.’

▪ J.M. Barrie’s immortal tale of Peter Pan

▷ classic /ˈklæsɪk/ [adjective only before noun]

a classic book, film, design etc is one that is important or special and remains popular for a long time :

▪ The Coca-Cola bottle is one of the classic designs of our century.

▪ the classic Bogart version of ‘The Maltese Falcon’

▪ ‘Jane Eyre’ is Bronte’s classic novel of courage in the face of despair.

▪ Professor Carey wrote the classic account of early explorations in Africa and Asia.

12. to make something last longer

▷ prolong /prəˈlɒŋǁ-ˈlɔːŋ/ [transitive verb]

to make something such as a feeling, process or activity last longer :

▪ He asked her another question just to prolong the conversation.

▪ Users turn to the drug in the belief that it prolongs and enhances sex.

▪ It seems he’s eager to prolong his trial for as long as possible.

▪ A heart transplant might prolong his life for a few years.

▷ extend /ɪkˈstend/ [transitive verb]

to add extra time to something that had a limit on the amount of time it could last :

▪ I’ll have to ask the bank to extend the repayment time on my loan.

▪ TV coverage of the match had to be extended when it went into extra time.

▪ These cleaning devices are meant to extend the life of your cassettes.

extend something to February/next year etc

▪ The current contract expires in December, but will be extended to February 2004.

▷ drag out /ˌdræg ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make a boring or unpleasant activity or piece of work last much longer than necessary, especially because you gain some advantage by doing this :

drag something out

▪ There was really no need to drag the meeting out that long.

drag out something

▪ The protests could actually drag out the proceedings.

▷ spin out /ˌspɪn ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb] British informal

to deliberately make an activity last longer than necessary especially so that it fills the time available :

spin something out

▪ Well, the lawyers always spin it out, don’t they -- that’s how they make their money!

spin out something

▪ We were paid by the hour, so I spun out the work for as long as I could.

▷ eke out /ˌiːk ˈaʊt/ [transitive phrasal verb]

to make your money or food last as long as possible by spending or using it carefully :

eke out something

▪ I pictured her trying to eke out her money to last to the end of the month.

eke something out

▪ We watered down the wine so as to eke it out for the remainder of the evening.

eke out a living/existence

▪ She eked out a miserable living as a washer woman.

13. when someone lives for a very long time

▷ longevity /lɒnˈdʒevɪti, lɒnˈdʒevətiǁlɑːn-, lɔːn-/ [uncountable noun] formal :

▪ The more successful we are at prolonging longevity, the more it will cost us in elderly care costs.

▪ the disparity in the longevity of the sexes

health and longevity

▪ The people of this village enjoy good health and longevity.

somebody’s longevity

▪ He attributes his longevity to ‘a simple diet and a glass of wine every day’.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .