Meaning of LONG in English

LONG

I. ˈlȯŋ also ˈläŋ adjective

( lon·ger -ŋgə(r) ; lon·gest -ŋgə̇st)

Etymology: Middle English long, lang, from Old English; akin to Old High German lang long, Old Norse langr, Gothic langs, Latin longus, Middle Persian drang, Sanskrit dīrgha — more at indulge

1.

a. : extending for a considerable distance : having great length

oaks in long and imposing avenues — American Guide Series: Louisiana

a long coastline

the long trip from New York to London was made in remarkably short time

b. : having greater length than usual

a large oval man, with a long oiled mustache — Lawrence Durrell

a long car

long fingers

c. : having greater height than usual : tall

walked over to the long French windows and looked out — May Sarton

a long , lean individual — F.V.W.Mason

a race of long gaunt men — Sherwood Anderson

d. : having a greater length than breadth : elongated

a long skull

a long face

e. : longer than desirable or necessary : too long

the dress is long on her

the column is two lines long

his first serve was long

2.

a. : having a specified length

the table was six feet long

b. : forming the chief linear dimension

the long side of the building

placed the sofa the long way of the room

3.

a. : extending over a considerable time

even after long experience editing has never become easy — E.S.McCartney

a long tradition of national consciousness — Vera M. Dean

a long friendship

b. : having a specified duration

the play was two hours long

c. : prolonged beyond the usual time : not interrupted

drank in long , greedy swallows — Scott Fitzgerald

the occasional shutting of a door would peal in long reverberations — T.L.Peacock

a long look

a long breath

the four enemies who were lifting the long yell as they came racing for him — W.N.Burns

4.

a. : containing many items in a series

a long and strong list of candidates was put forward — S.H.Adams

the long series of combat operations — Mack Morriss

played a long list of comedy and farcical roles — W.P.Eaton

b. : having a specified number of units

a book 300 pages long

c. : consisting of a greater number or amount than usual : large

this son was a man of 40 or thereabouts, was married, and had a long family — A.T.Quiller-Couch

now reverenced as a master … because his pictures fetch long prices — Clive Bell

5.

a. of a speech sound : having a relatively long duration

the vowel of dark is longer than the vowel of dock when the r is not pronounced

b. : indicating the member of a pair of similarly spelled vowel or partly vowel sounds that is descended from a vowel long in duration but that now is not long in duration or does not have duration as its chief distinguishing feature

long a in fate

long e in equal

long i in sign

long o in ode

long u in fuse

c.

(1) of a syllable in Greek or Latin verse : of relatively extended duration

(2) of a syllable in English verse : stressed

6.

a. : lasting too long : tedious

a long lecture

a long explanation

b. : seeming to pass slowly and heavily

those long grim years between the fall of France and the battle of El Alamein — R.K.Dickson

hung parasitically round the court in the long days of its poverty — A.M.Young

7. : having the capacity to reach or extend or travel a considerable distance

the long voice of the hounds — Thomas Wolfe

a long northeast wind — Marjory S. Douglas

a fighter with a long left jab

hits a long ball

long sight

8. of a number or unit of measure : larger or longer than the standard

long mile

9.

a. : extending far into the future

a long view of the problem

the thoughts of youth are long , long thoughts — H.W.Longfellow

b. : extending beyond what is known or easily verified

a long guess

c. : far off in time : remote

a long date

d. : payable after a considerable period

a long note

10. : consisting of or containing long straw

long fodder

11. : especially strong in or especially well furnished with — used with on

deficient in logic but long on human understanding — Stuart Chase

long on ancestry and short on cash — Clement Eaton

12. of betting odds

a. : marked by an unusual degree of difference between the amounts wagered on each side

odds of 30 to 1 or even longer

b. : of or relating to the larger amount wagered

take the long end of the bet

13. : subject to great odds : having little likelihood of success

strike out for himself, be independent, take a long chance for a large reward — W.P.Webb

14. : holding securities or goods in anticipation of an advance in prices

long of cotton

be on the long side of the market

15. of a beverage : served in a tall glass : constituting a large measure

a long drink

16. : adequate in amount : capable of meeting consumer needs

corn is in long supply

17. of fractional paper sizes : having a longer dimension equal to the shorter dimension of the full-size sheet

long quarto

18.

a. : flowing readily : fluid

a long printing ink

b. : yielding a readily flowing mixture

a long carbon black

19. : telephoto

- at long last

- at the longest

- long in the tooth

II. adverb

( -er/-est )

Etymology: Middle English longe, lange, from Old English, from long, lang, adjective

1. : for or during a long time

children know what a story or play is long before they know what an essay is — George Sampson

a quiet picturesque resort, long the gathering place of artists — American Guide Series: Michigan

2. : at or to a long distance : far — used chiefly in combination

long -removed

long -traveled

3. : for the duration of a specified period

all summer long

all his life long

all day long

4. : at a point of time far before or after a specified moment or event

long before the discovery of America

his diary was deciphered long after his death

5. : after or beyond a specified time — used in the comparative

didn't stay longer than five o'clock

the city held out longer than a year under siege

III. noun

( -s )

Etymology: Middle English long, lang, from long, lang, adjective

1. : a long period of time

expected the train before long

2.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin longa — more at longa ]

in mensural notation : a note that in imperfect time is one half the length of a large note and twice the length of a breve, and in perfect time is one third the length of a large note and three times the length of a breve

3. : a long syllable

4. : one who purchases or operates on the long side of the market — compare bull 2a

5. : a long signal (as in Morse code)

tapped out a long and a short

blew two longs on his whistle

6.

a. longs plural : long trousers

was proudly wearing his first pair of longs

b. : a size in men's clothing (as suits, coats, slacks) for the person who is above average in height

7. longs plural : long-term bonds

- the long and short

IV. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English longen, langen, from Old English longian, langian; akin to Old Saxon langōn to long, Old High German langēn, Old Norse langa; derivative from the root of English long (I)

: to feel a strong desire or craving : wish for something intensely : yearn

long for summer to come

when I look at her dancing, I long to dance with her — Anne D. Sedgwick

longs for the big sales that a sensational book or a novelty may seem to promise — August Frugé

Synonyms:

long , yearn , hanker , pine , hunger , and thirst mean in common to have a strong desire (for something). long implies wishing for something with one's whole heart

however much you may long for a cigarette — Agnes M. Miall

long for peace and security after war and disorder

for the first time in her life she had ceased longing, ceased striving — Ellen Glasgow

yearn adds to long the idea of eagerness, tenderness, or passionateness

yearn for something to believe in

they often became homesick and yearned for their old associations — V.G.Heiser

gazed into his faded blue eyes as if yearning to be understood — Joseph Conrad

yearned for the return of a lover

hanker suggests somewhat disparagingly that one is made uneasy or restless by a desire

he hankered after other, strange delights — Robertson Davies

no hankering to be the founder of a new system of philosophy — M.R.Cohen

all who enjoy or hanker after a life in the open air — British Book News

hanker after illicit pleasures

pine suggests a languishing or other more or less adverse physical effect from usually fruitless longing

one realizes all the pleasure of the present good; the other converts it into pain by pining after something better — T.L.Peacock

some people pine for adventure, stalk it, woo it with lures — Sylvia Berkman

the job he had always pined for — Time

hunger and thirst suggest a compelling craving

could even a mother have hungered more acutely for the sight of a daughter? — Ellen Glasgow

people thirsting for conquest — Julien Benda

she was thirsting to hear the whole of the story — Winston Churchill

V. intransitive verb

( -ed/-ing/-s )

Etymology: Middle English longen, from along ( on ) because (of) — more at along of

archaic : to be suitable or fitting

give thee everything that longs unto the daughter of a king — William Morris

VI. abbreviation

1. longeron

2. longitude; longitudinal

Webster's New International English Dictionary.      Новый международный словарь английского языка Webster.