Meaning of MOST in English

MOST

INDEX:

1. most of an amount, group, or thing

2. more than anyone or anything else

3. the largest amount possible

4. when most people share a particular opinion

5. when there is much more of one type than of other types

6. most often

RELATED WORDS

opposite

↑ LEAST

see also

↑ MORE

↑ MAIN

↑ IN GENERAL

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1. most of an amount, group, or thing

▷ most /məʊst/ [quantifier]

the largest number of people or things, or the largest part of something :

▪ What most people want is a peaceful life.

▪ Most restaurants open at 7.

▪ Most evenings we just stay in and watch TV.

▪ Most research suggests that health is related to social class.

most of

▪ Most of the people I spoke to were very worried.

▪ Alex spent most of his allowance on books.

▪ I’ve lived here most of my life, so I know the area pretty well.

▷ almost all/nearly all /ˌɔːlməʊst ˈɔːl, ˌnɪəʳli ˈɔːl/ [quantifier]

▪ He likes almost all kinds of popular music.

▪ We got nearly all our food from the farm.

▪ The bed occupied nearly all the space in the room.

almost all/nearly all of

▪ Nearly all of my clothes are too small now.

▪ Almost all of the world’s tropical forests are in developing countries.

▷ the/a majority /ðə, ə məˈdʒɒrə̇tiǁ-məˈdʒɔː-/ [quantifier]

more than half of the people or things in a large group :

▪ A poll of Democrats shows that a majority support the President.

the/a majority of

▪ In June the majority of our students will be taking examinations.

▪ They claim their campaign is supported by a majority of residents.

the vast/great/overwhelming majority

far more than half

▪ The great majority of accidents in the Alps occur while climbers are coming down.

▪ an education policy that will please the vast majority of parents

▷ the bulk of /ðə ˈbʌlk ɒv/ [quantifier]

most of a large amount or number of something :

▪ Throughout the Middle Ages, the bulk of the population lived in the country rather than in towns.

▪ The bulk of the charity’s income comes from private donations.

▷ the better part of/best part of /ðə ˌbetəʳ ˈpɑːʳt ɒv, ˌbest ˈpɑːʳt ɒv/ [quantifier]

most of a period of time or of a distance, especially when the time or distance is too long :

▪ It was the best part of a mile to the farm.

▪ It’ll probably take the best part of a week to sort it out.

▪ I expect the whole procedure to take the better part of a morning.

▷ the lion’s share /ðə ˈlaɪenz ˌʃeəʳ/ [noun phrase]

the biggest part of something valuable or good that is taken by one person, group, or organization, so that others get less :

▪ Sarah only ate a few bites of the dessert, so I got the lion’s share.

the lion’s share of

▪ Why should the state get the lion’s share of people’s money?

▪ His company currently has the lion’s share of the market.

2. more than anyone or anything else

▷ most /məʊst/ [adverb]

more than anything else - use this especially to talk about something that you like, want, need, or worry about more than anything else :

▪ The part we enjoyed most was the trip to the Grand Canyon.

▪ What worries me most is the effect the divorce is having on the children.

most of all

much more than anything else

▪ What the people here need most of all is food and clean water.

▷ the most /ðə ˈməʊst/ [quantifier]

a larger amount or number than anyone or anything else :

▪ In a fair tax system those who earn the most should pay the most.

▪ The player who scores the most points wins.

▪ Which machine uses the most electricity?

3. the largest amount possible

▷ maximum /ˈmæksɪməm, ˈmæksəməm/ [adjective]

the maximum amount of something is the largest amount that is possible or allowed :

▪ Travelling at its maximum speed of 186 mph, the train reached Paris in less than two hours.

▪ We want our message to reach the maximum number of people.

▪ Both men are facing a maximum penalty of a year in jail.

▪ We’ll show you how to arrange the furniture in your office to make maximum use of the space available.

maximum [singular noun]

▪ Thirty students per class is the maximum.

maximum of

▪ Tourists can stay up to a maximum of 90 days.

▷ the most /ðə ˈməʊst/ [singular noun]

the largest amount that is possible :

▪ I’m afraid £500 is the most I can offer you.

▪ The most you can hope to achieve is a 10% increase in production.

▷ top /tɒpǁtɑːp/ [adjective only before noun]

a top speed, price, salary etc is the highest speed, price etc that is possible or is paid :

▪ It’s Hyundai’s fastest car yet, with a top speed of 121 mph.

▪ The top price paid was $1,200,000 for a print by Degas.

4. when most people share a particular opinion

▷ generally /ˈdʒen ə rəli/ [adverb]

something that is generally believed is believed by most people :

▪ His first year as President was generally regarded as a success.

▪ It is now generally accepted that the so-called "Hitler Diaries’ were forgeries.

general [adjective]

▪ There is a general feeling most people feel that the country lacks moral leadership.

▷ broad /brɔːd/ [adjective only before noun]

broad agreement/consensus/acceptance

agreement among most people about something :

▪ There was broad agreement on the issue of equal pay for women.

▪ He had created a broad consensus among different groups of Americans.

5. when there is much more of one type than of other types

▷ mostly/mainly/largely /ˈməʊstli, ˈmeɪnli, ˈlɑːʳdʒli/ [adverb]

▪ Apart from the Nile valley, Egypt is mostly desert.

▪ I used to read a lot of poetry, mainly love poetry.

▪ The new immigrants were mainly from Southern Europe.

▪ The surface of Mercury seems to consist largely of dust.

▷ predominantly /prɪˈdɒmɪnəntli, prɪˈdɒmənəntliǁ-ˈdɑː-/ [adverb]

if something, especially a group of people, is predominantly of a particular type, most of it is of that type :

▪ The character Shylock is a Jew living in a predominantly Christian society.

▪ As a civil engineer, Susan will be competing in a predominantly male profession.

▪ Our economy is predominantly capitalist.

▷ predominate /prɪˈdɒmɪneɪt, prɪˈdɒməneɪtǁ-ˈdɑː-/ [intransitive verb] formal

if people or things of a particular type predominate in a place or situation, they are present in greater numbers than other types of people or things :

▪ Dairy farms predominate in Sussex.

▪ In the summer, blue and pink flowers predominate, but there are white flowers, too, for contrast.

▷ be in the majority /biː ɪn ðə məˈdʒɒrə̇tiǁ-məˈdʒɔː-/ [verb phrase]

if people of a particular kind are in the majority in an organization or group, they form the largest part of it :

▪ The number of women on the committee has grown steadily and now they are in the majority.

▷ a preponderance of /ə prɪˈpɒnd ə rəns ɒvǁ-ˈpɑːn-/ [quantifier] formal

if there is a preponderance of people or things of a particular type in a group, most of the people or things in the group are of that type - used especially when the group is being studied :

▪ At some universities, there is a preponderance of older lecturers.

▪ They chose to investigate reasons for the preponderance of large families among the poor and ill-educated.

6. most often

▷ mostly/mainly /ˈməʊstli, ˈmeɪnli/ [adverb]

use this to say what someone does most, or who does something most :

▪ We eat mostly Italian food.

▪ She has to travel abroad a lot, mostly to Spain and France.

▪ a singer whose records are bought mainly by teenage girls

▷ most of the time /ˈməʊst əv ðə ˌtaɪm/ [adverb]

for almost all of the time :

▪ Most of the time at work I just answer the phone and type letters.

▪ This place is really busy most of the time.

▷ in most cases /ɪn ˈməʊst ˌkeɪsə̇z/ [adverb]

used when something happens more than anything else :

▪ In most cases the system that we have works very well.

▪ The airline received about 500 complaints last year. In most cases these concerned delays and cancellations.

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