Meaning of NATURAL in English



1. plants/animals/places/substances

2. food/drink




land where there are trees and fields and not many buildings : ↑ COUNTRY

feelings that are natural and normal : ↑ NORMAL/ORDINARY

see also




1. plants/animals/places/substances

▷ natural /ˈnætʃ ə rəl/ [adjective usually before noun]

not made, caused, or changed by humans :

▪ It was fascinating to see the elephants in their natural environment.

▪ The river had worn away the rock to form a natural bridge.

▪ A pipeline carries natural gas from under the sea to the refinery inland.

natural resources

useful or valuable substances such as oil, coal etc that exist naturally in a particular country

▪ Zaire is a country with substantial natural resources.

naturally [adverb]

▪ Is your hair naturally curly

do you do anything to it to make it curly?

▷ wild /waɪld/ [adjective usually before noun]

wild flowers, plants, and animals are in their natural state and have not been changed or controlled by humans :

▪ There were lots of wild flowers growing by the roadside.

▪ Wild strawberries are much smaller than the kind you get in shops.

▪ In my opinion, wild animals should not be kept in zoos.


wild animals, plants etc

▪ The island has an abundance of wildlife - animals, birds and fish.

grow wild

▪ Banana trees were growing wild on the edge of the forest.

▷ in the wild /ɪn ðə ˈwaɪld/ [adverb]

if animals live in the wild, they live in their natural state, not in a place such as a farm :

▪ There are only about 5000 white rhino left living in the wild.

▷ raw /rɔː/ [adjective usually before noun]

raw sugar, silk, tobacco etc is in its natural state before or without being changed by a chemical process :

▪ Ghana still imports both raw and processed tobacco.

▪ The Princess was wearing a dark green dress made of raw silk.

raw materials

basic natural materials that are needed to produce things

▪ Japan depends on the outside world for virtually all of its raw materials, including oil.

▷ virgin /ˈvɜːʳdʒɪn, ˈvɜːʳdʒən/ [adjective only before noun]

virgin forest, land etc is still in its natural state and has not been spoiled or changed by human beings :

▪ Here we find immense virgin forests, similar to those of the Amazon and Indonesia.

▪ In front of them were 500 miles of virgin plains almost uninhabited by white people.

▷ untamed /ˌʌnˈteɪmd◂/ [adjective]

an animal or place that is untamed has not been trained, controlled, or changed in any way by people, so that it is still completely wild :

▪ Untamed horses roamed free in the wilds of the American plains.

▪ These were the first railways, the first means of crossing wide open spaces that are still vast and untamed, even today.

▷ unspoiled also unspoilt British /ˌʌnˈspɔɪld◂, ˌʌnˈspɔɪlt◂/ [adjective]

a place that is unspoiled is still in its beautiful natural state because no-one has built roads, buildings etc on it - use this especially about a place that has not been developed for tourists :

▪ With its largely unspoiled natural beauty, Vietnam is rapidly becoming a destination for more and more foreign visitors.

▪ The path leads eventually to a vast expanse of unspoilt woodland.

▪ If you go further into the countryside, you will come across a number of unspoilt medieval walled villages.

2. food/drink

▷ natural /ˈnætʃ ə rəl/ [adjective usually before noun]

produced without using chemicals :

▪ The manufacturers claim that only natural ingredients are used in their products.

▪ Today’s consumers prefer drinks that contain natural flavourings.

▷ organic /ɔːʳˈgænɪk/ [adjective usually before noun]

organic fruit, vegetables etc have been grown without using chemicals to help them grow :

▪ Most supermarkets now sell organic produce.

▪ Organic fruit is generally more expensive.

▪ Nowadays I only buy meat that is organic.

▷ pure /pjʊəʳ/ [adjective only before noun]

pure food or drink has not had anything added to it :

▪ pure orange juice

▪ Our burgers are made of 100% pure beef.

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .