Meaning of ORGANIZATION in English

ORGANIZATION

INDEX:

1. a large well organized group of people who work together

2. an official organization that has political aims or responsibilities

3. an organization that gives help or advice

4. an organization for people who have the same interests or aims

RELATED WORDS

part of an organization : ↑ PART (4)

see also

↑ GROUP

↑ COMPANY

↑ MEMBER

↑ JOIN

↑ LEAVE

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1. a large well organized group of people who work together

▷ organization also organisation British /ˌɔːʳgənaɪˈzeɪʃ ə nǁ -gənə-/ [countable noun]

a large group of people who work together in business, politics, education, sport etc :

▪ Greenpeace is an international organization that works to protect the environment.

▪ one of Europe’s leading human rights organizations

▪ Most big organizations employ their own legal experts.

▪ the World Health Organization

▷ institution /ˌɪnstɪˈtjuːʃ ə n, ˌɪnstəˈtjuːʃ ə nǁ-ˈtuː-/ [countable noun]

an organization that does educational, scientific, or financial work, especially a large and important organization that has existed for a long time :

financial/educational/medical institution

▪ The change in the law has been welcomed by banks, insurance companies, and other financial institutions.

▪ A major study of women and heart disease is being carried out by the Johns Hopkins Medical Institution.

▷ institute /ˈɪnstɪtjuːt, ˈɪnstətjuːtǁ-tuːt/ [countable noun]

an educational, scientific, or professional organization :

▪ My colleague is a scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

▪ the National Cancer Institute

▪ The work was carried out by the Silsoe Research Institute in Bedfordshire.

2. an official organization that has political aims or responsibilities

▷ party /ˈpɑːʳti/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

an organization of people who all have the same political ideas, which you can vote for in elections :

▪ The Republican Party now has a majority in Congress.

political party

▪ All the major political parties have given their support to this initiative.

join a party

▪ He first joined the Communist party when he was a student.

party member

▪ All party members will have the right to vote for the new leader.

▷ authority /ɔːˈθɒrɪti, ɔːˈθɒrəti, ə-ǁəˈθɑː-, əˈθɔː-/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

an official organization, or a local government department, which has power in public affairs, provides public services etc :

▪ The number of complaints received by the Police Complaints Authority has risen sharply in recent years.

health authority

British

▪ Contact your local health authority for details of the scheme in your area.

▷ council /ˈkaʊns ə l/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

an official organization responsible for the public services in a town or area, or a large organization which represents particular people :

▪ A complaints system is being set up to make it easier for residents to complain about the service that the council offers.

▪ The club got a grant from the Sports Council to help pay for new changing rooms.

town/city/county council

▪ She’s been elected onto the city council.

▪ The plan for the new housing development is now being considered by Essex County Council.

▷ bureau /ˈbjʊ ə rəʊ/ [countable noun] American

a government department with particular responsibilities :

▪ the Federal Bureau of Investigations

▪ He is now Director of the Maritime Transport Bureau.

▷ body /ˈbɒdiǁˈbɑːdi/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

any organization made up of people working together, especially in government, making laws or advising people :

governing body

▪ UEFA is the governing body for European football.

advisory body

▪ Belfast City Airport Forum is a new advisory body set up to discuss environmental issues affecting the airport and the surrounding area.

3. an organization that gives help or advice

▷ charity /ˈtʃærɪti, ˈtʃærəti/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

an organization which raises money in order to help people who are poor, ill etc, and does not make any profit for itself :

▪ All the major charities are appealing for funds to help the victims of the disaster.

▪ My mother does a lot of fund raising for local charities.

▷ fund /fʌnd/ [countable noun]

an organization that collects money and uses it to help people or do some other good work :

▪ New York’s Inner City Scholarship Fund pays the college fees of students from poorer families.

▪ All the money raised will be donated to the Cancer Research Fund.

▷ trust /trʌst/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English] British

an organization that receives money which it then uses to help people or do some other good work :

▪ A new trust has been set up to promote the arts in inner city areas.

▪ The Mental Health Trust works to raise awareness of mental illness and help people suffering from mental problems.

4. an organization for people who have the same interests or aims

▷ club /klʌb/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

a group of people who meet regularly to do something that they are all interested in, for example a particular activity or sport :

▪ They’ve set up a chess club at school.

▪ the North Manchester Judo Club

join a club

▪ Why don’t you join your local swimming club if you’re keen on swimming?

belong to a club

be a member of a club

▪ They both belong to the local tennis club.

▷ society /səˈsaɪɪti, səˈsaɪəti/ []

an organization for people who have the same interest or aim, especially a large official organization :

▪ He joined the university film society as a way of making friends.

▪ the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

▪ the president of the American Historical Society

▷ association /əˌsəʊsiˈeɪʃ ə n, əˌsəʊʃi-/ [countable noun]

an important organization for people in a particular profession, activity, sport etc, which officially represents its members and has the power to make rules :

▪ The new health care proposals have been criticized by the British Medical Association.

▪ The National Basketball Association negotiates TV rights for important games.

association of

▪ the National Association of Head Teachers

▷ union /ˈjuːnjən/ [countable noun]

an organization formed by workers to protect their rights and improve their pay and working conditions :

▪ The largest teachers’ union supports the education reforms.

union of

▪ the National Union of Mineworkers.

trade union

British

labor union

American

▪ The President could not rely on the support of the labor unions.

join a union

▪ Some workers refused to join the union.

▷ league /liːg/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

an organization consisting of people, countries, or groups that have joined together because they have the same aim :

▪ The League of Nations was formed to promote international peace and security.

▪ Morocco is a member of the Arab League.

▪ Leaders of the Football League met to discuss the problems of violence at football games.

▷ federation /ˌfedəˈreɪʃ ə n/ [countable noun with singular or plural verb in British English]

a group of separate organizations or clubs which have joined together to help and support each other :

▪ He is now chairman of the British Olympic Federation.

▪ Her case was supported by the Chicago Teachers Federation.

federation of

▪ the National Federation of Master Builders

Longman Activator English vocab.      Английский словарь Longman активатор .