Meaning of COAL in English

COAL

noun

COLLOCATIONS FROM OTHER ENTRIES

a coal/wood/log fire

There was a coal fire in the sitting room.

a rail/coal/postal etc strike (= affecting the rail/coal etc industry )

A rail strike would cause enormous public inconvenience.

coal bunker

coal cellar

coal gas

coal hole

coal mine

coal scuttle

coal tar

coal tar soap

coal/gold etc miner

a strike by coal miners

coal/gold etc mining

the coal mining industry

coal/gold/copper etc mine

one of the largest coal mines in the country

oil/coal/food imports

The country is dependent on oil imports for almost all its basic energy needs.

seam of coal/iron etc

the coal/car/textile etc industry

The town was very dependant on the car industry.

COLLOCATIONS FROM CORPUS

■ ADJECTIVE

black

Then as if the whole world had hunched over to block out the sun, the sky becomes as black as coal .

Smoke poured from the central chimney, the rich, black coal smoke from the furnace.

The second meeting I had toast from her, burnt black as coal under lavish butter.

Wilson had grown up black with coal dust.

He was kneeling before the fire, his hands and face black with coal dust.

burning

They merely pave the way for an increasing proportion of those emissions to come from the burning of imported coal .

Of course you'd expect to find fly ash at any period since people began burning coal in quantity.

Thermal stations burning coal , oil or nuclear fuel work 24 hours a day and their output is less easy to adjust.

And burning coal , of course, produces, carbon dioxide as well as sulphur dioxide.

It was hung with pots and pans, and a huge range was slowly burning coal .

From a range of six, from leading d-i-y stores Left: Suitable for burning wood or coal , the Dovre 2000.

After that, he ignored the hand and massaged Bobby's arm until he felt the sensation of burning coals .

Startled, she turned to discover the dark-haired woman glaring at her through eyes that were like burning coals .

cheap

They will gain from the ability to buy cheap imported coal in coming years.

But miners say that the continuing importation of cheap foreign coal is helping to put their jobs on the scrap heap.

clean

The clean coal project, he said, was to have a five-year timetable to replace the original 10-year timescale.

We have invested in clean coal technology to safeguard the environment.

I simply say that it is fairly obvious that Britain could have taken the lead in clean coal technology.

hot

It was our shovelful of hot coals for the brazier.

Add a few hot coals after 30 minutes to maintain even heat.

Selma arrived escorting two braziers, one to keep the coffee pots hot and another for hot coals for the incense pots.

That would explain why Clemson's football recruits can walk on hot coals ....

Throw a few twigs of rosemary, fennel or lavender on to hot coals for extra fragrance.

Cook for 25 minutes over hot wood coals , about 18 inches from coals.

I'd have walked across hot coals for my grandfather.

The sausages are also excellent grilled over hot coals .

imported

The £10,000 scheme has lifted spirits at the school which is close to imported coal mountains at Gladstone Dock.

They merely pave the way for an increasing proportion of those emissions to come from the burning of imported coal .

The threat to coal jobs has been much more from gas than from imported coal.

They will gain from the ability to buy cheap imported coal in coming years.

What is more, 20 million tonnes of imported coal means another £1,000 million added to the balance of payments deficit.

If it is not straw, it is imported coal from foreign lands.

The imported coal is heavily subsidised, as we have said many times in the House.

large

We are determined to ensure the development of the largest possible economic coal industry that the market can support.

Almost all large modern coal fired boilers utilize pulverized coal because pulverized coal burns approximately like oil or gas.

But despite those structural changes, there will continue to be a large market for coal .

Cerrejon is the second largest open pit coal mine in the world.

opencast

Social and environmental costs Much has been written on the social and environmental costs of opencast coal .

This is mainly opencast coal and even its continuance is in doubt.

Mr. Walker: In making decisions about opencast coal applications, one must consider carefully both the short-term and long-term environmental implications.

We will reverse the present planning presumption in favour of opencast coal mining and give top priority to local people and their environment.

■ NOUN

bunker

In the backyards were the brick wash-houses and the coal bunkers .

cellar

They often drag down members of their family into their coal cellar of degradation as they fuel the fires of self destruction.

Wes's greatest triumph was undoubtedly the time he removed the grating from the coal cellar outside Skeldale House.

Otherwise the attic or the coal cellar had to suffice, but concealment had been the fashion.

I had lights put in the coal cellar and wash house too while he was at it.

It might seem a bit like looking for a black cat in a coal cellar .

dust

The blast, 610m below ground, is thought to have been caused by a mix of coal dust and methane gas.

Though it is not yet the coal regions, the trees feel darkened by coal dust .

Jeff even carried out trial runs using rockets stuffed with coal dust .

Wilson had grown up black with coal dust .

Campaigners claim deposits of coal dust released into the atmosphere are a health hazard and a nuisance.

His face was still covered in coal dust and he looked anything but a gent.

For some of the women, selling the coal dust provides their only income to feed their families.

A lever lid tin was used to heat coal dust , using a spirit burner.

field

Like oil, gas and coal fields , peat bogs act as vast carbon stores.

We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.

This is, after all, the last working pit on the vast Lancashire coal field .

North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field .

If Serpell went through, not a single power station would be linked to a coal field in Great Britain.

Much of the peripheral area is former coal field rather than rural.

Geographically this runs from South Northumberland to Cleveland and extends inland to include all the coal field and former coal field areas.

fire

Raffles A lounge cellar bar with a relaxed atmosphere and a real coal fire .

A coal fire made the room stuffy, the way he liked it.

The office was a 2-bedroomed bungalow with a coal fire in the grate!

The coal fire burned steadily away in the grate.

It had central heating, a rarity in the experience of people like us who depended on open coal fires .

Check the ventilation in each room, particularly if there are gas or coal fires .

My neighbour's house is the only one in a block of seven with a coal fire .

Other times we burn it either on the coal fire or garden bonfire and that produces ash and gases.

gas

Meanwhile the manager had started to put coal gas into the other, oxygen, bag.

And the smell of coal gas forces residents to wear make-shift masks.

I vividly recall the smell of damp wool and coal gas , which was unlike anything I'd experienced before.

He was also first in his use of coal gas for train lighting in 1862.

It was also while Murdock was living in Redruth that he started his experiments with coal gas .

He was also the first person to use coal gas for lighting purposes.

Murdock's investigations of coal gas were a direct result of his search for materials to preserve the bottom of ships.

industry

In the public sector, the coal industry and the whole sphere of public administration and defence both appear.

That is how it dismisses the coal industry .

However, they use it as a weapon to bash the coal industry .

I do not believe that there is a quick fix for the coal industry .

Indeed, the coal industry as a whole would be put at risk through premature shutdown of the opencast sector.

There is a large degree of uncertainty about the extent to which women worked underground in the eighteenth-century coal industry .

Of course, the coal industry faces real challenges - environmentally, for instance.

merchant

The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.

Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.

The worst was a coal merchant .

While doing this he gave a wonderful imitation of his coal merchant and his wife.

Take an example: Mrs. Jones telephones her coal merchant asking him to deliver six bags of coal.

If you use solid fuel many approved coal merchants provide budget schemes and supply small quantities.

mine

The cleft stick plight which is his current political position is displayed most vividly over Mr Heseltine's coal mine dilemma.

The cars are usually air-conditioned, but the platforms are as comfy as coal mines .

Thus most power stations are built alongside rivers, canals or the sea, while some are also adjacent to coal mines .

He was scarcely out of school before he had patented a rock-boring machine for coal mines .

Further risks are the increase in diesel fumes, back injuries, dermatitis and stress-related problems - all increasing in coal mines .

Instead you want to work in the coal mines with the rest of them.

A supreme baseliner, he approached the net about as frequently as Michael Heseltine visits a coal mine .

Cerrejon is the second largest open pit coal mine in the world.

miner

K Thousands of coal miners marched through central London to protest at the Government's bungled pit closures.

Government and industry are behind by some $ 4 billion in paying workers, from coal miners to teachers.

The Government's prime motivation is to carry out an act of revenge on coal miners and coal mining communities.

A total of 1272 men from the general population and 2099 retired coal miners aged 50-75 years took part in the study.

Not only that, the coal miners throughout the Soviet Union went on strike.

What problems are there for the coal miners ?

I wanted to be a coal miner , and that was a serious ambition, too.

mining

Mr. Leigh I agree with the hon. Gentleman to this extent - that the coal mining areas need this money.

The excess mortality was attributed to coal mining and the extensive use of soft coal in the mining areas.

The authors thus concluded that the excess mortality noted for gastric cancer was probably related to socioeconomic class rather than coal mining .

Who introduced a Bill - long overdue - to deal with the coal mining subsidence problem?

The Bari lands are also threatened by coal mining , and national oil company Maraven has begun seismic tests in the area.

We want these moneys to go to the coal mining areas, many of which are represented by Labour Members.

The Government must be reminded that the average age of the labour force in the coal mining industry is about 30 years.

The line was once a mineral extraction route constructed mainly for coal mining in the area.

price

The subsidiary threat of a sudden rise in coal prices also made little sense in 1989.

Not only is production expanding rapidly as foreign mining outfits plunge in, world coal prices have been rising.

In view of the importance of coal prices we have examined Possible trends in coal prices in another way.

production

But this could soon be the more familiar face of coal production in Gloucestershire.

When was the peak period for coal production ?

seam

The sedimentary rocks, with their coal seams , have been folded and faulted.

Table 3. 2 provides individual estimate for gaseous coal seams with the geometric mean used wherever a wide spread is given.

The buried trees became coal seams and the mud and sands turned to shale and sandstone.

Claystones and siltstones containing finely dispersed coaly matter are considered to be good sources - besides many coal seams .

He proposes that the coal seams should be worked in the advance.

Beneath them the coal seams are buried and preserved for our miners today.

They plan to pump a suspension of catalysts in steam and air or hydrogen, down into a coal seam .

tar

A new family shampoo comes by way of Cuticura Medicated Shampoo, with an original coal tar formula that helps prevent dandruff.

Janice smelt of piety and coal tar soap.

Getting rid of PAHs requires the replacement of old cast iron mains lined with coal tar paper.

She was using the best guest soap every day instead of the coal tar soap which was to be used by family.

■ VERB

bring

These ships in return bring coals and lime-stone and many other commodities.

I brought in some coal from the bin in the hallway.

Weeping from fatigue when bringing coals up, singing for joy then going back with empty baskets.

The renewed interest in alternative fuels and feedstocks has revived coal gasification and the old technology is rapidly being brought up to date.

It brought mainly coal and chemicals to the port for shipping to the Continent.

He takes one of them, brings it to the coal house and empties it there.

burn

Then the others will be free to burn the oil and coal that might otherwise be consumed in the nuclear nations.

A kindness heaped up on her head like burning coals .

Many landlords in Calcutta, for example, make prospective tenants promise not to burn coal .

The technology to implement the displacement of oil by burning coal with gas does riot compare in complexity with these wartime developments.

The living turtles are placed on burning coals and heated until their top and bottom shells become malleable enough to rip off.

The burning of coal , oil and gas to provide energy results in the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

carry

Developed for carrying coal and agricultural produce a passenger service was rapidly initiated using wagons, open carriages and converted stage coaches.

Piece of blue polythene sheeting used to carry coals also discovered close to scene of fire where human remains found.

Some were small colliers, to carry coal to London.

We can certainly prefer not carrying endless scuttles of coal up from the cellar.

A Fellowship Porter was one licensed to carry coal , corn, fish, fruit, or salt.

haul

Back in the study Edward Crumwallis collapsed into the chair usually reserved for boys whom he was hauling over the coals .

A big dray horse might be suited to haul a coal wagon, a more delicate saddle horse to recreational riding.

produce

This is just across the road from Incline Top and should produce 650,000 tonnes of coal .

It recommends halving opencast within five years and subsidising deep mines by over £5 per tonne to produce the coal instead of us!

The smell is distinctive, too: chemicals and rotten eggs, the hydrogen sulphides produced by processing coal .

Because Great Britain is not to produce coal nor have any significant mining industry.

It is estimated that the 150 men could produce 10,000 tons of coal a week.

rake

Was he trying to rake over old coals ?

A dusty-faced boy was now raking the coal and wood from this into a tidy, white pile of ash.

use

Jeff even carried out trial runs using rockets stuffed with coal dust.

How is the derating influence by the higher quality physically cleaned coal which should be used for coal / water mixtures?

Piece of blue polythene sheeting used to carry coals also discovered close to scene of fire where human remains found.

It soon ventured into steelmaking to use its coal and iron ore.

These tough animals, who live on the moors year round, were once used extensively in the coal mines.

Those were the only times when we used a bit of coal .

One energy mix simply chose the cheapest options for supplying energy - using entirely coal , oil and natural gas.

What are the names of the main power stations using coal ?

PHRASES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

coal/oil/gas field

A slim slice of those revenues has always been cut for the communities in the oil fields , local politicians say.

A third appraisal of this potentially significant heavy oil field will be drilled in 1993.

For many residents of the oil fields , Pemex executives seem little different from the foreign overlords they replaced.

Moreover there are indications that in this gas field a secondary fracture porosity may exist.

North Shields became the export base for much of the South East Northumberland coal field .

The downturn in the energy industry dragged on so long that workers drifted away and oil field equipment became outdated.

We do know that most coal fields began life as swamps about 300 million years ago in the Carboniferous period.

haul sb over the coals

live coals

The central position was taken by the headmaster himself, and the live coals sent vivid warmth to his posterior.

rake over the past/old coals

smokeless coal/fuel

If she burned smokeless fuel, the soot problem would disappear.

Real fires Always use smokeless fuel.

wine/coal/timber etc merchant

Branches of timber merchants , such as W H Newson, stock a range of hardwood mouldings for you to put up yourself.

Consumers should go there only with guidance from a capable wine merchant or reviewer.

Other services provided by Co-operative societies include undertakers, coal merchants and opticians.

Take time to shop around; get to know your local wine merchant or investigate your local supermarket.

The 13 coal merchants and some of the 12 corn and seed merchants no doubt operated from the wharf.

The worst was a coal merchant .

Whigham's Wine Cellar Attached to the famous wine merchants .

EXAMPLES FROM OTHER ENTRIES

coal miners

Grill the steaks over medium-hot coals for 5-7 minutes on each side.

EXAMPLES FROM CORPUS

For the Schuman plan had implications beyond a simple coordination of coal and steel production.

Heat is radiated entirely from the ceramic coals or logs.

Known oil reserves are enough to last for 40 years, natural gas for over 65 years and coal for 250 years.

Now coal exports are smaller and these docks are less busy.

Soft coal is notorious for its content of pollutants, such as sulfur.

What of Labour's plans for the future of the coal industry?

Wilson had grown up black with coal dust.

Longman DOCE5 Extras English vocabulary.      Дополнительный английский словарь Longman DOCE5.