a ‧ nal ‧ y ‧ sis S3 W1 AC /əˈnæləsəs, əˈnælɪsəs/ BrE AmE noun ( plural analyses /-siːz/)
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ analysis , ↑ analyst ; verb : ↑ analyze ; adjective : ↑ analytical ]
[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Language: Modern Latin ; Origin: Greek , from analyein 'to break up' ]
1 . [uncountable and countable]
a) a careful examination of something in order to understand it better
a detailed analysis of the week’s news
Further analysis of the data is needed.
do/carry out/conduct an analysis
They were doing some type of statistical analysis.
b) the way in which someone describes a situation or problem, and says what causes it to happen
Do you agree with Marx’s analysis of the failure of free-market capitalism?
2 . [uncountable and countable]
a careful examination of a substance to see what it is made of
analysis of genetic material
Blood samples were sent for analysis.
You’ll get the results when the analysis is complete.
3 . [uncountable] a process in which a doctor makes someone talk about their past experiences, relationships etc in order to help them with mental or emotional problems SYN psychoanalysis ⇨ therapy :
She’s been in analysis for three years.
4 . in the final/last analysis used when giving the most basic or important facts about a situation:
In the final analysis, profit is the motive.
• • •
■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + analysis
▪ a detailed/in-depth analysis
a detailed analysis of the firm’s earnings
▪ an in-depth analysis (=detailed analysis))
an in-depth analysis of global warming
▪ a careful/close analysis
Students learn to make a close analysis of the texts.
▪ a brief analysis
Let’s start with a brief analysis of the situation.
▪ statistical analysis (=using statistics)
Their research was based on statistical analysis.
▪ a critical analysis (=that makes judgements about how good or bad something is)
Write a critical analysis of the following poem.
▪ economic/political/scientific etc analysis
His book provided a scientific analysis of human behaviour.
▪ data analysis
the use of databases for data analysis
▪ be based on an analysis of something
This work has been based entirely on an analysis of large mammals.
▪ do/carry out/perform/conduct an analysis
No similar analysis has been done in this country.
▪ provide/produce an analysis
The report provided an analysis of the problems we need to address.
▪ an analysis shows something
DNA analysis shows that the blood and the saliva come from the same person.
▪ an analysis suggests/indicates something
Our analysis suggests that these problems are widespread.