Meaning of BULK in English
I. bulk 1 AC /bʌlk/ BrE AmE noun
[ Word Family: noun : ↑ bulk ; adjective : ↑ bulky ]
[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Old Norse ; Origin: bulki 'goods carried on a ship' ]
1 . the bulk (of something) the main or largest part of something:
The bulk of consumers are based in towns.
2 . [countable usually singular] a big mass or shape of something:
the great bulk of a building
3 . [uncountable] the size of something or someone:
The dough will rise until it is double in bulk.
4 . in bulk if you buy goods in bulk, you buy large amounts each time you buy them
• • •
▪ size noun [uncountable and countable] how big someone or something is:
What size is that shirt?
The price will depend on the size and quality of the carpet.
Your desk is exactly the same size as mine.
Fire has destroyed an area of forest the size of Luxembourg.
The seeds are very small, about half the size of a grain of salt.
There were several pieces of wood of different sizes.
Cover the dough and allow it to rise until it has doubled in size.
The black spots on her skin seemed to be slowly increasing in size.
The American states vary enormously in size, from very large to very small.
In a class this size, there will always be a few problems.
▪ dimensions noun [plural] the length, width, and height of an object, room, building etc:
What are the dimensions of the table?
▪ measurements noun [plural] the length, width, or height of something, or of someone’s body:
I need to check the measurements of the window.
your waist measurement is 31 inches
The nurse took my measurements.
▪ proportions noun [plural] the relative sizes of the different parts of an object, room, building etc:
The proportions don’t look right to me.
You can sit in the Plaza and admire the proportions of the cathedral.
▪ area noun [uncountable and countable] the amount of space that a flat surface such as a floor or field covers:
To measure the area of a room, you need to multiply the length by the width.
▪ extent noun [uncountable] the size of a large area:
The extent of the ranch is enormous.
The island measured about 1,600 kilometres in extent.
▪ bulk noun [uncountable] the very large size of something:
The statue’s massive bulk made it difficult to move.
his enormous bulk
The view was dominated by the huge bulk of the power station.
▪ capacity noun [singular] the amount that a container will hold:
The capacity of the tank is around 500 gallons.
The computer’s memory has a capacity of over 200 megabytes.
All the storage units were filled to capacity.
▪ volume noun [singular] the amount of space that a substance fills, or that an object contains:
The average domestic swimming pool has a volume of 45,000 litres.
This instrument measures the volume of air in your lungs.
Help me figure out the volume of this fish tank.
The shifting of continents has an impact on the volume of water the oceans can contain.
II. bulk 2 BrE AmE adjective
1 . bulk buying/orders etc the buying etc of goods in large quantities at one time
2 . [only before noun] bulk goods are sold or moved in large quantities:
bulk flour for commercial bakeries
3 . bulk mail if you send something bulk mail, you send large amounts of it for a smaller cost than normal
III. bulk 3 BrE AmE verb
bulk large to be the main or most important part of something
bulk something ↔ out phrasal verb
to make something bigger or thicker by adding something else:
We can bulk out the report with lots of diagrams.
bulk up phrasal verb
to increase the amount of muscle you have
Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Longman - Словарь современного английского языка. 2012