Meaning of DRAFT in English

I. draft 1 S2 W3 AC /drɑːft $ dræft/ BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: ⇨ ↑ draught 1 ]

1 . PIECE OF WRITING a piece of writing or a plan that is not yet in its finished form:

the rough draft of his new novel

I read the first draft and thought it was very good.

All parties eventually approved the final draft (=finished form) of the peace treaty.

2 . MILITARY the draft American English

a) a system in which people are ordered to join the army, navy etc, especially during a war SYN conscription

b) the group of people who are ordered to do this

3 . MONEY especially British English a written order for money to be paid by a bank, especially from one bank to another

4 . SPORTS American English a system in which professional teams choose players from colleges to join their teams

5 . COLD AIR/BEER the American spelling of ↑ draught

• • •


■ adjectives

▪ the first/second etc draft

The second draft of the agreement contained a few important changes.

▪ the final draft (=the finished form)

He showed me the final draft of his letter.

▪ a rough draft (=not the finished form)

Could you let me see a rough draft of your report?

▪ the original draft (=the first one)

The hero had a different name in the original draft of the story.

▪ an early/earlier draft (=written before others)

In earlier drafts of the speech, he criticized the pace of political progress.

▪ a preliminary draft (=coming before others)

A preliminary draft of the charter has been issued.

■ verbs

▪ write/draw up/prepare a draft (=write one)

Always write a rough draft of your essay first.


He drew up a draft of the club’s rules and regulations.

▪ approve a draft (=officially accept one)

The draft was approved by the Senate.

II. draft 2 AC BrE AmE verb [transitive]

1 . PIECE OF WRITING to write a plan, letter, report etc that will need to be changed before it is in its finished form:

Eva’s busy drafting her speech for the conference.

2 . MILITARY [usually passive] to order someone to join the army, navy etc, especially during a war SYN conscript

be drafted into something

My dad was eighteen when he got drafted into the army.

3 . SPORTS American English to choose a college player to join a professional team:

Craigwell was drafted by the Chicago Blackhawks.

draft somebody ↔ in ( also draft somebody into something ) phrasal verb

to ask or order someone to work in a place where they do not normally work:

Extra staff were drafted in to deal with the Christmas rush.

Hundreds of police have been drafted into the area.

III. draft 3 AC BrE AmE adjective

1 . draft proposal/copy/version etc a piece of writing that is not yet in its finished form

2 . the American spelling of ↑ draught

IV. draught 2 BrE AmE British English , draft American English adjective [only before noun]

1 . draught beer is served from a large container rather than a bottle

2 . a draught animal is used for pulling heavy loads

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.