Meaning of DRAFT in English

I. ˈdraft, ˈdräft noun

Etymology: Middle English draght; akin to Old English dragan to draw — more at draw

Date: 13th century


a. : the act of drawing a net

b. : haul 2b


a. : the act or an instance of drinking or inhaling ; also : the portion drunk or inhaled in one such act

b. : a portion poured out or mixed for drinking : dose


a. : the force required to pull an implement

b. : load or load-pulling capacity


a. : the act of moving loads by drawing or pulling : pull

b. : a team of animals together with what they draw


a. : delineation , representation

b. : scheme , design

c. : a preliminary sketch, outline, or version

the author's first draft

a draft treaty

6. : the act, result, or plan of drawing out or stretching


a. : the act of drawing (as from a cask)

b. : a portion of liquid so drawn

a draft of ale

c. : draft beer

a glass of draft

8. : the depth of water a ship draws especially when loaded



(1) : a system for or act of selecting individuals from a group (as for compulsory military service)

(2) : an act or process of selecting an individual (as for political candidacy) without the individual's expressed consent

b. : a group of individuals selected especially by military draft

c. : a system whereby exclusive rights to selected new players are apportioned among professional teams


a. : an order for the payment of money drawn by one person or bank on another

b. : the act or an instance of drawing from or making demands upon something : demand


a. : a current of air in a closed-in space

felt a draft

b. : a device for regulating the flow of air (as in a fireplace)

12. : angle , taper ; specifically : the taper given to a pattern or die so that the work can be easily withdrawn

13. : a pocket of reduced air pressure behind a moving object ; also : the use of such a draft to save energy

- on draft

II. adjective

Date: 15th century

1. : used or adapted for drawing loads

draft horses

2. : being or having been on draft

drinking draft beer

III. verb

Date: 1714

transitive verb

1. : to select for some purpose: as

a. : to conscript for military service

b. : to select (a professional athlete) by draft


a. : to draw the preliminary sketch, version, or plan of

draft legislation

b. : compose , prepare

draft a memo

3. : to draw off or away

water draft ed by pumps

4. : to stay close behind (another racer) so as to take advantage of the reduced air pressure created by the leading racer

intransitive verb

1. : to practice draftsmanship

2. : to draft another racer (as in car or bike racing)

• draft·able ˈdraf-tə-bəl, ˈdräf- adjective

• draft·ee ˌdraf-ˈtē, ˌdräf- noun

• draft·er ˈdraf-tər, ˈdräf- noun

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate English vocabulary.      Энциклопедический словарь английского языка Merriam Webster.