Meaning of FUEL in English

I. fu ‧ el 1 S3 W2 /ˈfjuːəl/ BrE AmE noun

[ Date: 1100-1200 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: fouaille , from feu 'fire' , from Latin focus ; ⇨ ↑ focus 1 ]

[uncountable and countable] a substance such as coal, gas, or oil that can be burned to produce heat or energy:

Coal is one of the cheapest fuels.

⇨ add fuel to the fire/flames at ↑ add (9)

• • •



▪ a fossil fuel (=a fuel such as coal or oil, produced by the gradual decaying of plants and animals)

Global warming may be caused by burning fossil fuels.

▪ nuclear fuel

What do we do with the spent nuclear fuel?

▪ solid fuel (=a solid substance, such as coal, that is used as a fuel)

The number of homes using solid fuel for heating has decreased.

▪ domestic/household fuel (=used in a house)

There has been a sharp rise in domestic fuel costs.

▪ smokeless fuel (=that burns without producing smoke)

The government is trying to encourage the use of environmentally-friendly smokeless fuels.

▪ unleaded fuel (=that does not contain lead)

Modern cars run on unleaded fuel.

▪ a green fuel (=a fuel that harms the environment as little as possible)

Are green fuels, like Biodiesel, really the solution to our fuel crisis?

▪ a clean fuel (=fuel that does not harm the environment)

The proposal is to cut tax on cars that run on clean fuel.

▪ aviation fuel (=used used by planes)

high-octane aviation fuel

■ verbs

▪ use fuel

People need to learn how to use fuel more efficiently.

▪ run on fuel (=use fuel as the source of power)

Will this engine run on unleaded fuel?

▪ run out of fuel (=use all the fuel available and have none left)

The ship ran out of fuel and drifted helplessly.

▪ fill up with fuel (=put fuel in a vehicle's fuel tank)

Before leaving, I filled up with fuel at the local petrol station.

▪ save fuel

You can save fuel by not driving too fast.

▪ waste fuel

The booklet gives helpful tips on how to avoid wasting fuel.

■ fuel + NOUN

▪ fuel costs/prices

The increase in fuel costs is severely affecting pensioners.

▪ a fuel bill

Insulating your house will cut your fuel bill.

▪ a fuel tank (=a container for storing fuel)

The fuel tank holds 14 gallons of petrol.

▪ a fuel gauge (=an instrument for measuring fuel)

I noticed the fuel gauge was on empty so I pulled into the nearest gas station.

▪ a fuel pump (=a machine that forces fuel into an engine)

The car's fuel pump was leaking.

▪ fuel consumption (=amount used)

Fuel consumption averages 54 miles per gallon.

▪ fuel economy/efficiency (=how well a vehicle uses fuel, without wasting any)

Greater engine efficiency has led to improved fuel economy.

■ phrases

▪ something is running low on fuel (=it does not have much fuel left)

The plane was running low on fuel.

II. fuel 2 BrE AmE verb ( past tense and past participle fuelled , present participle fuelling British English , fueled , fueling American English )

1 . [transitive] to make something, especially something bad, increase or become stronger SYN provoke :

His words fuelled her anger still more.

fuel speculation/rumours/controversy etc

Progress was slow, fueling concerns that the stadium would not be finished on time.

2 . ( also fuel up ) [intransitive and transitive] if you fuel a vehicle, or if it fuels up, fuel is put into it SYN fill up :

We’d better fuel up at the next town.

The van was fuelled and waiting in the basement car park.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.