Meaning of IRON in English


I. i ‧ ron 1 S2 W3 /ˈaɪən $ ˈaɪərn/ BrE AmE noun

[ Language: Old English ; Origin: isern , iren ]

1 . METAL [uncountable] a common hard metal that is used to make steel, is ↑ magnetic , and is found in very small quantities in food and blood. It is a chemical ↑ element : symbol Fe:

the iron and steel industry

a driveway with large iron gates

iron ore (=rock that contains iron)

the absorption of iron from food

⇨ ↑ wrought iron , ↑ cast iron

2 .

FOR CLOTHES [countable] a thing used for making clothes smooth, which has a heated flat metal base

3 . have several irons in the fire to be involved in several different activities or have several plans all happening at the same time:

He has several economic irons in the fire, including gold and diamond mines.

4 .

SPORT [countable] a ↑ golf club made of metal rather than wood:

a 5-iron

5 . CHAINS irons [plural] especially literary a chain used to prevent a prisoner from moving:

leg irons

⇨ a will of iron/an iron will at ↑ will 2 (1), ⇨ pump iron at ↑ pump 2 (8), ⇨ rule somebody/something with a rod of iron at ↑ rule 2 (5), ⇨ strike while the iron’s hot at ↑ strike 1 (27)

II. iron 2 S3 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

to make clothes smooth using an iron SYN press :

Have you ironed my shirt?

⇨ ↑ ironing

iron something ↔ out phrasal verb

to solve or get rid of problems or difficulties, especially small ones:

We need to iron out a few problems first.

III. iron 3 BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

very firm and strong or determined:

He runs the company with an iron fist.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.