Meaning of MEDIUM in English

MEDIUM

I. me ‧ di ‧ um 1 S3 AC /ˈmiːdiəm/ BrE AmE adjective

1 . of middle size, level, or amount:

What size shirt does he wear – small, medium or large?

(of) medium height/length/build

She’s of medium height.

hair of medium length

Fry the onions over a medium heat until they are golden.

medium to large companies

► Use average , not ‘medium’, when you want to say that someone’s level of skill or ability is neither high nor low : students of average ability (NOT students of medium ability)

2 . ( also medium rare ) meat that is medium or medium rare is partly cooked but still slightly pink inside ⇨ rare , well-done

3 . medium dry medium dry wine is slightly sweeter than dry wine

4 . medium brown/blue etc a colour which is neither light nor dark:

His jacket’s a medium brown colour.

II. medium 2 AC BrE AmE noun ( plural media /-diə/ or mediums ) [countable]

1 . a way of communicating information and news to people, such as newspapers, television etc ⇨ media :

Advertising is a powerful medium.

2 . a way of expressing your ideas, especially as a writer or an artist

medium for

the novel as a medium for satire

the visual media (=painting and films)

3 . medium of instruction a language that is used for teaching:

English is still the main medium of instruction in Nigeria.

4 . medium of exchange money or other ways of paying for things

5 . technical a substance or material in which things grow or exist:

a good growing medium for tomatoes

6 . technical a substance through which a force travels

⇨ ↑ magnetic media , ⇨ a happy medium at ↑ happy (8)

III. medium 3 BrE AmE noun ( plural mediums ) [countable]

someone who claims to have the power to receive messages from dead people

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.