Meaning of ORIGINAL in English


I. o ‧ rig ‧ i ‧ nal 1 S1 W1 /əˈrɪdʒɪn ə l, -dʒ ə nəl/ BrE AmE adjective

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ origin , ↑ original , ↑ originality , ↑ originator ; verb : ↑ originate ; adverb : ↑ originally ; adjective : ↑ original ≠ UNORIGINAL ]

1 . [only before noun] existing or happening first, before other people or things:

The land was returned to its original owner.

The kitchen still has many original features (=parts that were there when the house was first built) .

the original meaning of the word

The original plan was to fly out to New York.

2 . completely new and different from anything that anyone has thought of before:

I don’t think George is capable of having original ideas!

That’s not a very original suggestion.

a highly original design

His work is truly original.

3 . [only before noun] an original work of art is the one that was made by the artist and is not a copy:

The original painting is now in the National Gallery in London.

an original Holbein drawing

• • •


▪ new :

a new sports centre


a new edition of the book


an entirely new theory of time and space

▪ brand new completely new:

a brand new car


The house looks brand new.

▪ recent made, produced etc a short time ago:

recent research into brain chemistry

▪ the latest [only before noun] the most recent:

Have you seen his latest film?


the latest fashions from Paris

▪ modern different from earlier things of the same kind because of using new methods, equipment, or designs:

modern technology


modern farming methods


a modern kitchen

▪ original new and completely different from what other people have done or thought of before, especially in a way that seems interesting:

The play is highly original.


His style is completely original.

▪ fresh fresh ideas, evidence, or ways of doing things are new and different, and are used instead of previous ones:

We need a fresh approach to the problem.


They want young people with fresh ideas.


Police think they may have found some fresh evidence that links him to the murder.

▪ novel new and different in a surprising and unusual way – used especially about a suggestion, experience, or way of doing something:

The club have come up with a novel way of raising cash.


The King was passionately in love, which was a novel experience for him.

▪ innovative completely new and showing a lot of imagination – used especially about a design or way of doing something:

an attractive website with an innovative design


They came up with an innovative approach to the problem.

▪ revolutionary completely new in a way that has a very big effect – used especially about an idea, method, or invention:

a revolutionary treatment for breast cancer


His theories were considered to be revolutionary at the time.

▪ new-fangled [only before noun] used about something that is new and modern but which you disapprove of:

My grandfather hated all this newfangled technology.

II. original 2 BrE AmE noun [countable]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ origin , ↑ original , ↑ originality , ↑ originator ; verb : ↑ originate ; adverb : ↑ originally ; adjective : ↑ original ≠ UNORIGINAL ]

1 . a work of art or a document that is not a copy, but is the one produced by the writer or artist:

The colours are much more striking in the original.

I’ll keep a copy of the contract, and give you the original.

2 . in the original in the language that a book, play etc was first written in, before it was translated:

I’d prefer to read it in the original.

3 . informal someone whose behaviour, clothing etc is unusual and amusing

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.