Meaning of PORT in English

PORT

I. port 1 W2 /pɔːt $ pɔːrt/ BrE AmE noun

[ Sense 1-2, 6: Date: 800-900 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: portus ]

[ Sense 3: Date: 1900-2000 ; Origin: port 'ship's porthole' (13-21 centuries) , from Old French porte 'gate, door' , from Latin porta ]

[ Sense 4: Date: 1600-1700 ; Origin: Oporto , city in Portugal. ]

[ Sense 5: Date: 1500-1600 ; Origin: port side , from ⇨ ↑ port (1) ; because it was the side from which ships were unloaded. ]

1 . WHERE SHIPS STOP [uncountable and countable] a place where ships can be loaded and unloaded

be in port

We’ll have two days ashore while the ship is in port.

come into port/leave port

The ferry was about to leave port.

2 . TOWN [countable] a town or city with a ↑ harbour or ↑ dock s where ships can be loaded or unloaded:

Britain’s largest port

3 . COMPUTER [countable] a part of a computer where you can connect another piece of equipment, such as a ↑ printer

4 . WINE [uncountable] strong sweet Portuguese wine that is usually drunk after a meal:

a glass of port

5 . SIDE OF SHIP [uncountable] the left side of a ship or aircraft when you are looking towards the front OPP starboard :

on the port side

to port

The plane tilted to port.

6 . any port in a storm spoken used to say that you should take whatever help you can when you are in trouble, even if it has some disadvantages

⇨ ↑ port of call

• • •

COLLOCATIONS (for Meanings 1 & 2)

■ ADJECTIVES/NOUN + port

▪ a busy port

Hong Kong is one of the world’s busiest ports.

▪ a major/important port

The city became a major port.

▪ a bustling port (=very busy)

Until the 1870s, Port Albert was a bustling port.

▪ a fishing port

The town is Iceland's biggest fishing port.

▪ a container port (=for ships carrying large containers)

Hamburg is one of Europe's main container ports.

▪ a ferry port (=for boats carrying people or goods across a narrow area of water)

Dover is an important ferry port.

■ verbs

▪ be in port

Many shops remain open on a Sunday, especially if cruise ships are in port.

▪ come into port

We stood on the quay and watched the ships come into port.

▪ leave port

Two fishing boats were preparing to leave port.

• • •

THESAURUS

▪ port noun [uncountable and countable] a place where ships can be loaded and unloaded:

a busy port

|

We’ll have two days ashore while the ship is in port.

|

The ferry was about to leave port.

▪ harbour British English , harbor American English noun [countable] an area of water next to the land which is protected by walls so the water is calm, and is a place where ships can stay when they are not sailing:

They sailed into Portsmouth Harbour

|

Tourist boats leave the harbour at Riva regularly.

|

the harbour wall

▪ dock [uncountable and countable] a place in a port where ships are loaded, unloaded, or repaired:

A crowd was waiting at the dock to greet them.

|

The ship was in dock for repairs.

▪ pier a structure that is built over and into the water so that boats can stop next to it or people can walk along it:

The yacht was moored at a pier.

▪ jetty noun [countable] a wall or platform built out into the water, used for getting on and off boats:

a wooden jetty

|

The house has a private jetty.

▪ mooring noun [countable] the place where a ship or boat is fastened to the land or to the bottom of the sea:

Tugs towed the boat away from its mooring at White Bay.

▪ marina noun [countable] a harbour where people keep boats which are used for pleasure:

They are building a new 220-berth marina.

|

The apartments have a private marina.

II. port 2 BrE AmE verb [transitive]

to move software from one computer system to another

port something from/to something

Can Windows applications be ported to Unix?

—porting noun [uncountable]

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.