Meaning of REVERSE in English

I. re ‧ verse 1 W3 AC /rɪˈvɜːs $ -ɜːrs/ BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ reversal , ↑ reverse ; adjective : ↑ reverse , ↑ reversible ≠ ↑ irreversible ; verb : ↑ reverse ]

1 . OPPOSITE [transitive] to change something, such as a decision, judgment, or process so that it is the opposite of what it was before

reverse a decision/verdict/policy etc

The decision was reversed on appeal.

reverse a trend/process/decline etc

More changes are required to reverse the trend towards centralised power.

2 . CAR [intransitive and transitive] especially British English if a vehicle or its driver reverses, they go backwards SYN back up American English

reverse out of/into etc

Bob reversed into a parking space.

reverse something into/out of something

I reversed the car into a side road.

3 . CHANGE POSITION/PURPOSE [transitive] to change around the usual order of the parts of something, or the usual things two people do SYN swap

reverse roles/positions

Our roles as child and guardian had now been reversed.

4 . TURN SOMETHING OVER [transitive] to turn something over or around, in order to show the back of it:

Reverse the paper in the printer.

5 . reverse yourself American English to change your opinion or position in an argument:

Suddenly, he reversed himself completely.

6 . reverse the charges British English to make a telephone call which is paid for by the person you are telephoning SYN call collect American English

• • •


■ nouns

▪ reverse a decision/ruling

The Supreme Court reversed the decision.

▪ reverse your position (=change your opinion or attitude)

He spoke in favor of the bill, reversing his previous position.

▪ reverse a policy

She is pressing the government to reverse its policy.

▪ reverse a trend

Immigration has increased sharply and reversing this trend will be extremely difficult.

▪ reverse a decline

His policies had reversed the decline in the economy.

▪ reverse a process

We cannot reverse the ageing process.

▪ reverse the effects of something

Hair conditioner can’t reverse the damaging effects of colouring and perming.

II. reverse 2 AC BrE AmE noun

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ reversal , ↑ reverse ; adjective : ↑ reverse , ↑ reversible ≠ ↑ irreversible ; verb : ↑ reverse ]

1 . OPPOSITE the reverse the exact opposite of what has just been mentioned

quite/just/precisely/exactly the reverse

I didn’t mean to insult her – quite the reverse (=in fact, I meant to praise her) .

I owe you nothing. If anything, the reverse is true (=you owe me) .

2 . in reverse in the opposite way to normal or to the previous situation ⇨ vice versa :

US video recorders cannot play European tapes, and the same applies in reverse.

3 . go into reverse/put something into reverse to start to happen or to make something happen in the opposite way:

The incident threatened to put the peace process into reverse.

4 . CAR [uncountable] the position of the ↑ gear s in a vehicle that makes it go backwards

into/in reverse

Put the car into reverse.

5 . DEFEAT [countable] formal a defeat or a problem that delays your plans SYN setback :

Losing the Senate vote was a serious reverse for the President.

6 . OTHER SIDE [singular] the less important side or the back of an object that has two sides

on the reverse

The British ten-pence coin has a lion on the reverse.

III. reverse 3 AC BrE AmE adjective [only before noun]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ reversal , ↑ reverse ; adjective : ↑ reverse , ↑ reversible ≠ ↑ irreversible ; verb : ↑ reverse ]

[ Date: 1300-1400 ; Language: Old French ; Origin: revers , from Latin reversus , past participle of revertere ; ⇨ ↑ revert ]

1 . reverse order/situation/process etc the opposite order etc to what is usual or to what has just been stated:

The results were read out in reverse order (=with the worst first and the best last) .

2 . the reverse side the back of something

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.