Meaning of SEPARATE in English

SEPARATE

I. sep ‧ a ‧ rate 1 S2 W2 /ˈsep ə rət, ˈsep ə rɪt/ BrE AmE adjective [no comparative]

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ separation , ↑ separates , ↑ separatist , ↑ separatism , ↑ separator , inseperability; adjective : ↑ separable ≠ ↑ inseparable , ↑ separate , ↑ separated ; adverb : ↑ inseparably , ↑ separately ; verb : ↑ separate ]

1 . different:

Use separate knives for raw and cooked meat.

My wife and I have separate bank accounts.

2 . not related to or not affected by something else:

That’s a separate issue.

He was attacked on two separate occasions.

separate from

He tries to keep his professional life completely separate from his private life.

3 . not joined to or touching something else:

The gym and the sauna are in separate buildings.

separate from

Keep the fish separate from the other food.

4 . go your separate ways

a) if people go their separate ways, they stop being friends or lovers

b) if people who have been travelling together go their separate ways, they start travelling in different directions

—separately adverb :

They did arrive together, but I think they left separately.

II. sep ‧ a ‧ rate 2 S2 W2 /ˈsepəreɪt/ BrE AmE verb

[ Word Family: noun : ↑ separation , ↑ separates , ↑ separatist , ↑ separatism , ↑ separator , inseperability; adjective : ↑ separable ≠ ↑ inseparable , ↑ separate , ↑ separated ; adverb : ↑ inseparably , ↑ separately ; verb : ↑ separate ]

[ Date: 1400-1500 ; Language: Latin ; Origin: past participle of separare , from se- 'apart' + parare 'to prepare, get' ]

1 . BE BETWEEN [transitive] if something separates two places or two things, it is between them so that they are not touching each other

separate something from something

The lighthouse is separated from the land by a wide channel.

2 . DIVIDE [intransitive and transitive] to divide or split into different parts, or to make something do this:

This will keep your dressing from separating.

separate from

At this point, the satellite separates from its launcher.

separate something into something

Separate the students into four groups.

First, separate the eggs (=divide the white part from the yellow part) .

3 . STOP LIVING TOGETHER [intransitive] if two people who are married or have been living together separate, they start to live apart:

Jill and John separated a year ago.

4 . RECOGNIZE DIFFERENCE [transitive] to recognize that one thing or idea is different from another

separate something from something

She finds it difficult to separate fact from fantasy.

5 . MOVE APART [intransitive and transitive] if people separate, or if someone or something separates them, they move apart:

Ed stepped in to separate the two dogs.

separate somebody from somebody/something

In the fog, they got separated from the group.

6 . MAKE SOMEBODY/SOMETHING DIFFERENT [transitive] to be the quality or fact that makes someone or something different from other people or things

separate something from something

The capacity to think separates humans from animals.

7 . BETTER/OLDER [transitive] if an amount separates two things, one thing is better or older than the other by that amount:

Three points now separate the two teams.

8 . separate the men from the boys informal to show clearly which people are brave, strong, or skilled, and which are not

9 . separate the sheep from the goats British English ( also separate the wheat from the chaff ) to separate the good things from the bad things

• • •

THESAURUS

■ to make something separate

▪ separate verb [transitive] to divide something into two or more parts or groups, or to divide one type of thing from another. You use separate especially when saying that the parts are different from each other:

Motorola is planning to separate the company into two public companies.

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The items are separated into recyclable and non-recyclable waste.

▪ divide verb [transitive] to make something become two or more parts or groups:

The teacher divided us into groups.

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The money was divided between them.

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The house is divided into three apartments.

▪ split verb [transitive] to separate something into two or more groups, parts etc – used especially when each part is equal in size:

The class was split into groups of six.

▪ break something up phrasal verb [transitive] to separate something into several smaller parts, especially to make it easier to deal with:

The phone company was broken up to encourage competition.

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Police used tear gas to break up the crowd.

▪ segregate verb [transitive] to separate one group of people from others because of race, sex, religion etc:

Schools were racially segregated.

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Some prisons segregate prisoners who are infected with HIV.

■ to become separate

▪ separate verb [intransitive] to divide into different parts, especially in a natural way:

A watery liquid separates from the milk during cheesemaking.

▪ split verb [intransitive] to separate into two or more parts or groups – used especially when each part is equal in size:

What happens when an atom splits?

▪ break up phrasal verb [intransitive] to separate into several smaller parts:

In spring, the icebergs begin to break up.

separate somebody/something ↔ out phrasal verb

1 . to divide a group of people or things into smaller groups:

We must separate out these different factors and examine each one.

2 . to remove one type of thing or person from a group

separate somebody/something ↔ out from

Many older people may prefer not to be separated out from the rest of the adult population.

Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.      Longman - Словарь современного английского языка.